Zwolle Holtenbroek Restructuring

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Zwolle Holtenbroek Restructuring
Holtenbroek lies to the north of Zwolle’s town centre. The area is bounded to the south and east by major traffic arteries, including the A28. The Zwarte Water runs along the west side and to the north stands a green area bordering on the open countryside. Holtenbroek is a typical mass-produced post-war district with equally typical problems: a declining number of residents, a limited population mix, limited typological variation in housing stock and a shortage of parking space. Restructuring is required to change this. A new urban development plan has been prepared for Holtenbroek 1, the south-west subdivision, to serve as a first step in restructuring the entire district. The plan is based on the existing structure and arrangement of the district and its most important features, namely the green grid system and the Zwarte Water. Turning the urban development structure 90° relative to the original situation will generate spatial connections between the Zwarte Water and the green grid system, so for example improving the quality of both the area to be reconstructed and the area to its east. The new urban development structure will not be used to provide vehicular access to the blocks. Access arrangements will be located inside, allowing the new public space to be laid out mainly as green space, creating a green fabric which will provide play space and space for people to meet. Holtenbroek I is split off in the Music quarter (eastern part) and the Trapjes (gradually) quarter (western part, situated on the Zwarte Water). In the Music quarter all the existing development has been demolished and all of the new dwellings have been realized within 2008. In the Trapjes (gradually) quarter will the characteristic way of architecture of gradually buildings (kind off split-level dwellings with a stair(way) on the front) be preserved; a total of 40% of the development. The rest of the development will be renewed. The new dwellings will been realized by 4 different architecture offices during the next two years. The transition in the Music quarter housing and green fabric will be provided by a double path. One path will run immediately along the facade to provide pedestrian access to the front doors and space for verandas. A second path, parallel to the first and a short distance away, is intended to prevent slow-moving through traffic driving immediately in front of the facades. Together the two paths will form a track wide enough for an ambulance or a fire engine. The facades along the canals between the blocks will be in keeping with the green atmosphere of the public area. These will be made of preserved timber posts between steel grids, with sections by the gardens left open to allow greenery to be seen or to grow through. The facade along the streets will consist of brickwork in an unusual silver-black brick, giving the dwellings a chic exterior. The residential floors will be framed by projecting concrete frameworks. Movable screens will keep out excessive sunlight and combine with the coloured interiors of the frameworks to brighten up the facade. Even from a distance it will be obvious that the planned design is unusual, durable and beautiful. In the (to be built )Trapjes (gradually) quarter the urban plan is transformed in the same way as in the Music quarter. Here also vehicular will disappear and make space for a green grid. All dwellings are situated with their front to the green grid. The green axis of the Music quarter are permeated to the Zwarte Water. The existing system of half open marks will transformed to plain bundles. The particularity of these bundles is the mix of existing (renovation) single-family houses, new single-family houses and appartments. The bundles are as independent urban elements focussed on a community garden. By making these obvious separations between public space and community space will the present management problems solved for the common space.

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