Wrocław Palace

The Wrocław Palace in Wrocław, Poland, formerly the Palace of Prussian kings, currently the Wrocław City Museum.

Initially a baroque palace of Heinrich Gottfried Spaetgen, it was built in 1717 in the Vienna style. In 1750, after Prussia took control over the Silesia in the First Silesian War, it was bought by the Prussian king Frederick the Great and converted to his residence. The palace was extended in 1751-53 in the baroque style with rococo interior designs by the royal architect Johann Boumann. Boumann’s additions included a transverse wing with a festive hall, throne hall and Frederick the Great's private quarters.

The successor of Frederick the Great, who died in 1786, was his nephew Frederick Wilhelm II (1744-1797). He performed remodeling of the royal palace according to design of Karl Gotthard Langhans (1732-1808). The remodeling took place in 1795-1796 in the classical style. As a result, the wings surrounding the northern courtyard, a new staircase and utility rooms were added.

In March of 1813, during the Prussian war with Napoleon, Frederic Wilhelm III announced two famous manifestos: “To My People” and “To My Military Commanders”. On April of 1813, in the Yellow Living Room of the Palace, the king proclaimed the Iron Cross as a war medal.

In the middle of the 19th century, drawing on a Florence renaissance style, Berliner architect Frederich August Stueler added a new southern wing (1844-1846) and a new courtyard wings along with the gate and railing (1858). In 1918 the palace was donated to the Wrocław Municipality. On 20th September 1926 the Palace Museum (Schlossmuseum) was opened, displaying an exposition devoted to Frederic II The Great, reconstruction of original interiors and a collection of Silesian art.

In May 1945 the palace was heavily destroyed during the siege of the city at the end of the World War II. In the '60s it was partially taken apart, while the remaining wings were adapted to host Archeological Museum (until 1999) and Ethnographic Museum (until 2004). In 2008 a renovation was finished and a new museum was established, presenting 1000 years of History of Wrocław.

Coordinates: 51°6′27″N 17°1′43″E / 51.1075°N 17.02861°E / 51.1075; 17.02861

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