Villa Poppaea
The Villa Poppaea is a Roman villa situated between Naples and Sorrento, in southern Italy, which dates from the early Imperial times. The villa is a large structure situated in the Roman town of Oplontis (the modern Torre Annunziata), about ten metres below the modern level. It was owned by the Emperor Nero, and used by his second wife Poppaea Sabina as her main residence when not in Rome. The archeological evidence suggests that at the time of the eruption of Vesuvius in 79, the villa was empty, in the process of being rebuilt and redecorated, possibly in the aftermath of the earthquake of 62. Nero had killed Poppaea in 65, according to Suetonius by kicking her in the abdomen when she was in late pregnancy. The frescoes decorating the walls are among the best preserved, both in form and in colour, of all Imperial Roman frescoes; the roof of the building largely survived the eruption, thus affording protection from the elements. The frescoes are in the Pompeiian Second Style, with feigned architecture with windows that seem to open onto views or perspectives of trompe-l'oeil colonnades, ambitious undertakings that, after Rome's demise, would not be equalled in Italy until the fifteenth century.

Though the site of the villa was rediscovered during brief excavations carried out by Francesco La Vega in the eighteenth century, the swimming pool, which measures 60 by 15 meters, was not unearthed until the 1970s. The villa's gardens have been discussed by Wilhelmina F. Jashemski, The Gardens of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and the Villas Destroyed by Vesuvius (New Rochelle 1979) and the forty-five sculptures found at the villa were discussed by Stefano De Caro in Ancient Roman Villa Gardens, Elizabeth Blair MacDougall, editor (Dumbarton Oaks Colloquium 10, 1987).

Nearby villa
Nearby is the more recently uncovered Villa of L. Crassius Tertius, discovered in 1974. A bronze seal found at the site gave the name of its last owner. This villa, which contained a large number of amphorae, was not deserted at the time of the eruption: beside the bodies of the unfortunate victims, coins and jewelry were also found.