Ullevi
Ullevi is a stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden. The stadium was built for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, since then Ullevi has hosted the 1995 World Championships in Athletics and the 2006 European Championships in Athletics, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals in 1983 and 1990, the UEFA Euro 1992 final, the UEFA Cup final in 2004, and annually host the opening ceremony of the Gothia Cup—the world's largest football tournament. The stadium is the biggest in Scandinavia, with a seating capacity of 43,000 and a total capacity of 60,000 for concerts.

History
The record attendance, for football, is 52,194 and was set on 3 June 1959, when IFK Göteborg played Örgryte IS. A Bruce Springsteen concert on 8 June 1985, became legendary because Springsteen - with the help of a very enthusiastic audience - almost rocked the stadium to pieces, literally. As the city rests on a layer of clay, the rhythmic movement of tens of thousands of people was close to causing a structural collapse. Even though Bruce Springsteen has made several more visits since, it is unlikely he will manage to repeat his feat, as the concrete pillars supporting the stadium have since been extended down to solid bedrock. The record for the stadium, after being partially rebuilt, was set by irish rockband U2, on 1 August 2009, with an attendance of 60,099. During the 1980's, the stadium played host to the 1983 Uefa Cup Winners Cup final which saw Aberdeen beat Real Madrid 2-1 after extra time. Less known, it was also the venue for the first game between NFL teams ever played on the European continent, as Minnesota Vikings faced Chicago Bears, in a pre-season game, 14 August 1988. Since March 2007, Ullevi has one of Sweden's largest solar power plants, consisting of 600 m² of solar photovoltaic panels situated on the roof of the luxury boxes section. The top effect is 86,4 kW and the yield is supposed to cover the total power used by the artificial lighting used for events, with a surplus.

Record attendance

Other artists that have performed at the stadium include The Rolling Stones, David Bowie, Elton John, Paul McCartney, Madonna, P!nk & Green Day, among others. David Bowie was scheduled to perform at the stadium during his Glass Spider Tour on June 27, 1987, but the show was cancelled. Elton John hosted a sell-out concert in 1998. It was part of the Face-To-Face Tour with Billy Joel, but Joel was unable to perform, due to illness. Elton John played for over three hours. In August 2009, Madonna performed two dates at the stadium as part of her Sticky & Sweet Tour. Each date was attended by, around 60,000 fans, for a total of 119,000.

Location and transportation
Ullevi is located on the eastern edge of Gothenburg's city centre and is one of the center pieces of the event district Evenemangsstråket, with Scandinavium, Liseberg, Universeum, the Museum of World Culture, and Bergakungen nearby. Public transport is easily accessible, there are two tram stops named after the stadium; Ullevi Norra (North) and Ullevi Södra (South). Both tram stops serve lines 6 (orange) and 8 (purple), Ullevi Södra also serves lines 2 (yellow) and 13 (beige), while Ullevi Norra also serves lines 1 (white) and 3 (blue). Approximately 700 metres west of Ullevi lies the Gothenburg Central Station and Nils Ericson Terminal, 900 metres south of Ullevi lies Korsvägen, a major public transport hub which serves more than fifteen different bus lines and several tram lines, and the Liseberg station serving the Gothenburg commuter rail. The stadium has 650 parking spaces located in a garage underneath the pitch. Additionally visitors are guided to eighteen nearby parking lots and parking garages—with a total of 7,000 parking spaces—by the event districts parking guidance and information system. The system has a total of 130 digital signs, located on motorways with information about which exit to use, and on streets in the city with more detailed information about directions and number of available parking spaces.

Date Events Audience August 14 1988 American football Minnesota Vikings vs Chicago Bears September 14 1958 Boxing Ingemar Johansson vs Eddie Machen June 3 1959 Football IFK Göteborg- Örgryte IS May 20 1976 Football Div. II GAIS- IFK Göteborg 2002 Football youth Gothia Cup finals September 4-5 2004 Athletics Finnkampen December 28 2009 Ice hockey Västra Frölunda IF- Färjestads BK July 8 1985 Concert Before renovation Bruce Springsteen August 26 2008 Concert After renovation Iron Maiden August 31 1990 Motocross Ullevi Supercross February 13-14 1971 Ice skating World cup September 16 1974 Motorcycle speedway World cup-final

Building Activity

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