Typhoon-resistant houses in the PhilippinesEdit profile
Human kind has always been searching for solutions that will help them dominate the natural elements by ensuring the opportunity ‘to live a peaceful and safe life. Time after time over the centuries has applied its technical knowledge to set free themselves from the fear and the power that nature opposes. Sometimes the solutions adopted have been effective but some other times they have created the worst conditions that have negative and trapping generating systems.
Experience has generated two opposing ways of thinking that always confront the most varied terrain of science. The first one supports the ability to oppose their own resources so as to dominate the natural environment, shaping and managing tasks and resources to complete unconsciousness. This first approach has produced some negative and obvious examples with poor results.
The second approach believes in an intelligent integration of man into the environment, considering not only as a ruthless and devastating being, but rather believes that a force so fierce, through knowledge, logic, and respect can be useful to their purposes.
Our idea stems from the emergency created by the phenomena of typhoons in your area and the experience and knowledge from our study in the rebuilding after a disaster.
According to this, our idea is to create a new type of housing that will be able to respond to emergencies typhoon. These design systems, create less damage in the destructive phase, has a very high speed reconstruction, low cost, and directed by the owners of the house so as to be self-built, without any intervention from outside companies, nor material storage.
These benefits can be obtained only through a new type of design ideas that use the numerical control machines (laser cut, milling machines) and software design that can directly bring the viewer’s home, think and construct their own home.
This technology is currently used in the rebuilding of New Orleans, after the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina. All areas of the world where are under the danger of natural disasters such as floods, are moving towards this new design ideas that allow specific solutions.
A contemporary architectural project, which really is a valid response to a vast and complex issue, cannot ignore the stages of study and analysis that are envisaged as the cornerstone of a correct solution.
Step One: Data Collection.
The first phase of the project is developed through the systematic collection of all data that can be inscribed within a phenomenology of typical emergency typhoons. Through the collaboration of local universities, institutes and research centres will be implemented to collect as many items as possible to try to get a comprehensive overview of the problem. Cooperation with local authorities will allow our designers to understand and adopt the residential building traditions and lifestyle of people in the Philippines. The analysis also articulated through awareness survey carried out on site to draw on knowledge otherwise precluded because a mood of its population against these catastrophic events and the attitude of psychology towards a new possible reconstruction.
Step two: Data Analysis.
At this stage we analyze the data collected, put into these new relationships can also create problems that different frameworks may offer an opportunity to find solutions to complex problems suggested by new points of view. The data analysis will stimulate the parameters to follow the stages of project implementation. We will study the best architectural solutions that can combine traditional construction techniques so as to place the technological possibilities of digital fabrication. Examination of the best educational techniques and time is required to ensure that local people are able to learn these new construction methods.
Step three: Design
Find the best technological solutions that can be adopted and formal solutions which can give effective responses to specific needs of security and economic stability and speed of construction, will start the design phase. Together with local techniques and universities will born the most important phase of the project that draws the urban layout of new dwellings and residential solutions. We will then design solutions that will be addressed to different types of problems both on a large scale such as the provision of smart homes in the area, the possibility of carrying out the primary infrastructure, and smaller-scale solutions that address problems of stability, strength and liveability of single dwelling.
Step four: First block implementation.
The peculiarity of this new mode of design is the real possibility of immediate implementation of proposed projects.
Through the use of new materials and CNC machines (laser cut, milling …) we give birth to a block of our project. We shall rise a small neighbourhood built entirely under the new proposals adopted to reduce the damage of a typhoon. We will see the speed and the economy of the production system proposed, while people will be able to see and understand the ease of installation.
The materials used will be chosen from the availability of the place in order to reduce as much as possible the construction costs, and leverage the know-how already present on the site.
The whole neighbourhood will be completely self-sufficient in energy, by using technology that is completely environmentally sustainable, which exploit the primary energy sources on site.
Step five: Education
In this phase, we make sure that the technicians and operators are able not only to reproduce the whole process from design and construction, but also have learnt the know-how, and can explain the entire process to the rest of the population, urging them to rethink, redesign and rebuild their homes in the aftermath of a natural disaster.
The entire project will be calibrated and developed together with competent authorities, then we reserve a large degree of flexibility in addressing the issues that are topical to outline.
Clearly the whole project will be fully explained in detail during the meeting minutes that we hope will take place as soon as possible.
Description from the architects