Tynecastle Stadium
Tynecastle Stadium is a football stadium situated in the Gorgie area of Edinburgh, Scotland. The stadium currently plays host to the home matches of Scottish Premier League team Heart of Midlothian F.C. In the 2007-08 season and the 2008-09 season,Tynecastle has been voted as having the best atmosphere in Scotland's top division in the Clydesdale Bank Premier League Fans' Survey. Tynecastle currently has a seating capacity of 17,420, which makes it the eighth largest stadium in Scotland behind Murrayfield, Celtic Park, Hampden, Ibrox, Pittodrie, Easter Road and Rugby Park.


Early years
Hearts moved to the then peripheral Gorgie area from central Edinburgh in 1881. This pitch stood on the site of the present-day Wardlaw Street and Wardlaw Terrace. Five years later, with the city continuing to expand, tenements replaced the old ground and Hearts moved to a ' New Tynecastle', the present ground, on the other side of Gorgie Road. Hearts staged a challenge match against Bolton Wanderers F.C. to inaugurate their new home, the first visitors being defeated 4-1. In 1892 Tynecastle hosted its first international fixture, against Wales. Scotland won 6”“1 but only 1,200 fans watched because a snow storm had crossed the city and many assumed that the game would be postponed. 1892 also saw Tynecastle provide a roof on the original "South" stand.

New century
Tynecastle underwent substantial changes in the early twentieth century. 1903 saw a further small stand and pavilion built on the eastern side of the ground, while in 1911, a covered enclosure was erected on the western, "distillery" side. In 1914, the two old stands and pavilion were replaced by a pitch-length grandstand (the present Main Stand), designed by the renowned stadium architect Archibald Leitch. The cost of the new facility was £12,000, double the original estimate, and Hearts were required to sell their most valuable player, Percy Dawson, to Blackburn Rovers for £2,500 to meet the bill. In 1927, Hearts gave the BBC permission to begin radio commentaries from the ground. Around this time Hearts purchased the previously rented ground and further improvements were carried out to meet spectator demand, with the 1911 enclosure being removed and the terracing on the three open sides being banked up to the grounds' limits. New turnstiles were built on Wheatfield Street and crowd distribution tunnels created to allow access to the terraces. Tynecastle's record attendance was achieved 5 years later, when 53,396 attended a Scottish Cup tie against Rangers on 13 February 1932. It appeared Hearts might leave Tynecastle in 1939, when following the return of a healthy profit, the directors actively considered the building of a new out-of-town ground at Sighthill. The start of the Second World War halted these schemes however, and Tynecastle earned a reprieve.

Post-war developments
Tynecastle became Scotland's first all-concrete stadium in 1954. Following the modernisation of the stadium, the club architects said that the capacity stood at 54,359 but for safety reasons only 49,000 should be allowed during big matches. Three years later, Tynecastle had a floodlighting system installed, which was inaugurated with a special match against rivals Hibernian while 1959 witnessed a further addition, with the construction of a roof over the terracing along part of the "distillery" side and in the north-west corner of the ground. This work was reputedly paid for by the sale of Dave Mackay to Tottenham Hotspur. Stricter ground safety regulations came into force following the Ibrox disaster in 1971, and Tynecastle's capacity was cut to under 30,000 with the installation of seating on the "distillery" covered terrace and in the Main Stand paddock in the early and mid 1980s respectively. Also around this time, commercial developments led to the creation of sponsors lounges and facilities in the Main Stand.

Recent renovation
The Taylor Report, implemented after the 1989 Hillsborough disaster, required all major sports grounds to become all-seated and again almost led to Hearts leaving Tynecastle. Only after a planning application for a development at Millerhill was rejected by the City of Edinburgh Council did Hearts commit to the stadium's redevelopment. In 1994, the entire western and northern sides of the ground were demolished, allowing for the construction of the Wheatfield Stand that year and the Roseburn Stand the following year. Temporary 'bucket' seating was installed on the (southern) Gorgie Road end terracing until 1997, when this too was razed, to be replaced by the Gorgie Stand. This stand also contained the Gorgie Suite, which was opened by the Lord Provost of Edinburgh, Eric Milligan, and a new club superstore. In 2005, the pitch dimensions were altered to meet UEFA standards, necessitating the removal of the lowest rows of seating in the Gorgie and Roseburn Stands. As a result, the overall capacity was reduced from 18,000 to 17,420.

Campaign to save Tynecastle
In 2004, then club CEO Chris Robinson announced plans to sell Tynecastle, which he claimed was “not fit for purpose”. Hearts would have rented Murrayfield from the SRU instead. The prime motivation for this move was to eradicate the club’s increasing debt. The plan was almost universally unpopular with supporters, and a campaign, entitled ‘’Save Our Hearts’’, was set up to try to block the move. In spite of this, Robinson and those supporting his actions controlled a slender majority of the issued shares and it appeared that a sale would be completed, particularly after a deal was preliminarily agreed to sell the site for just over £20 million to Cala Homes, a property development company. The sale was cancelled, however, when Vladimir Romanov purchased the club in January 2005, invoking a clause in the initial agreement that allowed for its annulment upon the payment of a fixed sum of £75,000.

The Romanov era
Following the clubs January 2005 takeover by Vladimir Romanov, the club’s short-term future at Tynecastle was assured. The new ownership revealed that in the long-term capacity had to be increased ”“ either by improving Tynecastle or moving to a new purpose-built home. On 20 August 2007 the club announced they were “at an advanced stage” in plans for demolishing the aged Main Stand and replacing it with a 10,000 seat stand with a hotel and leisure facilities incorporated. A planning application was lodged with Edinburgh City Council in February 2008. This development would raise capacity to 23,000, but the proposal has been knocked back due to the club's large amount of debt and the current financial climate.

International matches at Tynecastle
Tynecastle has been a home venue for the Scottish national side on 9 occasions. It regularly played host to the British Home Championship match with Wales, which was considered to have the least box-office potential and was often played outside of Glasgow. After the Second World War, however, Scottish Football Association policy favoured playing all home matches at Hampden Park in Glasgow unless exceptional circumstances prevented Scotland playing there.

Neutral venue for semi-finals
Tynecastle has been used as a neutral venue for domestic cup semi-finals on numerous occasions, most frequently when these games involve teams from the east or north-east of Scotland (such as Aberdeen, Dundee United or Hibernian). At one stage during the 1920s, Tynecastle hosted a Scottish Cup semi-final in 4 consecutive years. In total 19 Scottish Cup semi-finals (not including replays) and 10 League Cup semi-finals have been staged at the ground. However, since the advent of regular live television coverage caused semi-finals to be played at different times, it has been SFA policy to stage both Scottish Cup semi-finals at Hampden, where possible. League Cup semi-finals are still staged at smaller venues depending upon the participants. The last Scottish Cup semi-final hosted at Tynecastle was Aberdeen’s defeat of Hibernian in 1992”“93. The last League Cup semi-final was the 2007”“08 meeting of Dundee United and Aberdeen, where Dundee United won 4”“1.

Other notable events
Under-16 World Cup Tynecastle was a venue when Scotland hosted the Under-16 World Cup in 1989. Initial group-stage matches were sparsely attended, however, on 20 June 1989, 28,555 spectators watched Scotland defeat a Portugal side containing Rui Costa and Luí­s Figo 1”“0 in the semi-final. Scotland went on to lose the final to Saudi Arabia. Rugby League The Gorgie ground has also hosted rugby league matches on four occasions. In 1911 a test match between England and Australia ended in an 11-11 draw. Eight decades later, the newly created Super League again attempted to promote the sport in Scotland, moving two league fixtures to Tynecastle. The 1998 meeting between Harlequins Rugby League\London Broncos and Bradford Bulls drew over 7,000 fans, while the following year Gateshead Thunder met Wigan Warriors before a smaller crowd. In 2000, Tynecastle staged a sectional tie in the Rugby League World Cup between Scotland and Samoa, which the Samoans won 20-12.

26 March 1892 Scotland 6 ”“ 1 Wales Home International Attendance: 1,200 Referee: J. Reid ( Ireland) W Thomson 1’ J Hamilton 8’, 65’ J McPherson 15’, 44’ D Baird 55’ B Lewis 3 March 1906 Scotland 0 ”“ 2 Wales Home International Attendance: 25,000 Referee: J. Lewis ( England) W Jones 50’ JL Jones 65’ 2 March 1912 Scotland 1 ”“ 0 Wales Home International Attendance: 31,000 Referee: J. Mason ( England) Quinn 88' 14 February 1925 Scotland 3 ”“ 1 Wales Home International Attendance: 25,000 Referee: A. Ward ( England) D Meiklejohn 9' H Gallacher 20’, 61’ W Williams 26 October 1932 Scotland 2 ”“ 5 Wales Home International Attendance: 31,000 Referee: P. Harper ( England) N Dewar 63' D Duncan 66’ J Thomson ( o.g.) T Griffiths E O'Callaghan (2) D Astley 13 November 1935 Scotland 2 ”“ 1 Ireland Home International Attendance: 30,000 Referee: H. Nattrass ( England) T Walker 60’ D Duncan 89’ J Kelly 9 November 1938 Scotland 3 ”“ 2 Wales Home International Attendance: 34,800 Referee: T.J. Thompson ( England) T Gillick 30' T Walker 83', 84' D Astley L Jones 10 October 1998 Scotland 3 ”“ 2 Estonia European Championship Qualifier Attendance: 16,930 Referee: Marques ( Portugal) B Dodds 70', 85’ S Hohlov-Simson ( o.g.) 79' (Report) S Hohlov-Simson 34’ M Smirnov 76’ 27 May 2003 Scotland 1 ”“ 1 New Zealand International Challenge Match Attendance: 10,016 Referee: Ingvarsson ( Sweden) S Crawford 11' (Report) R Nelsen 47'

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