Tokyo Dome (東京ドーム Tōkyō Dōmu, TYO: 9681) is a 55,000-seat baseball stadium located in Bunkyo Ward of Tokyo, Japan.
The stadium opened for business on March 17, 1988. It was built on the site of the Velodrome which was next door to the site of the predecessor ballpark, Kōrakuen Stadium. Like Kōrakuen, the Dome hosts the Toei Superheroes live shows of the year.
Tokyo Dome's original nickname was "The Big Egg", with some calling it the "Tokyo Big Egg". Its dome-shaped roof is an air-supported structure, a flexible membrane held up by slightly pressurizing the inside of the stadium.
It is the home field of the Yomiuri Giants baseball team, and has also hosted basketball, American football and association football games, as well as puroresu (pro-wrestling) matches, mixed martial arts events, kickboxing events, monster truck races, and music concerts. It is also the location of the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame which chronicles the history of baseball in Japan.Tokyo Dome City
Tokyo Dome is part of a greater entertainment complex known as Tokyo Dome City, built of the grounds of the former Tokyo Koishikawa arsenal. Tokyo Dome City includes an amusement park and Tokyo Dome City Attractions (formerly Kōrakuen Grounds). This amusement park occupies the former Korakuen Stadium site and includes a roller coaster named Thunder Dolphin and a hubless Ferris wheel. The grounds also have an onsen called Spa LaQua, various shops, restaurants, video game centers, the largest JRA WINS horse race betting complex in Tokyo, and Oft Korakuen, which caters to rural horse races.Events
Tokyo Dome is the largest concert hall in Japan. The first live performance inside the Tokyo Dome was by The Alfee and an International Military Marching Band pageant, with bands from Australia, England, USA, Poland, Germany, China, Japan and others on March 19, 1988.Stadium records
Mariah Carey performed three Tokyo Dome shows in 1996, which became the fastest sellouts in the stadiums history, when all 150,000 tickets sold out in less than 3 hours. In 1998 Carey broke her own record selling 200,000 tickets in under 1 hour.
The stadium played host to Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert on September 27, 1988. The show was headlined by Sting and Peter Gabriel and also featured Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, Tracy Chapman and Youssou N'Dour.
The American megastar Michael Jackson performed on stage more than any other artist or band, a total of 21 concerts. The first nine of them, all sold out, there were days in December 9-11, 17-19 and 24-26, 1988, during his Bad World Tour. Four years later, Jackson returned to perform at Tokyo Dome, this time as part of his Dangerous World Tour, in eight sold out concerts, in days December 12, 14, 17, 19, 22, 24 and 30-31, 1992. His last four concerts took place in 1996, on December 12, 15, 17 and 20 of that year, during Michael's HIStory World Tour. It is believed that a total of more than 1 million people have seen these 21 concerts, more than any other artist in country's history.
In February 1992, Guns N' Roses played three sold out shows at the arena during their Use Your Illusion Tour, one of which was released as a 2-part DVD. Nearly 18 years later, with their new line-up, on December 19, 2009, during their Chinese Democracy Tour, they played their longest show in their career, at 3 hours and 37 minutes and longest concert held at the arena.
Yellow Magic Orchestra played two sold out concerts at the arena on June 10–11, 1993. This was their only two concerts since their dissolution in 1983 and would be their last until their reformation in 2007.
The pop star Gackt's Christmas Eve show on December 24, 2005, holds the record as the most expensive and one of the costliest in Japanese concert history. The concert was estimated by his business partners to have cost ¥500 million (or about $4,296,270), he and his other performers took two years to plan and six months to rehearse. Starting with an entrance on horseback at full gallop, performances featured twenty dancers, during the performance of "Lust for Blood" he came out of the coffin, the song "Jūnigatsu no Love Song" included an orchestra of 30 musicians, as well as Gackt singing suspended 20m in the air.
On July 22, 2007, Kinki Kids held their 10th anniversary concert at Tokyo Dome, which drew a crowd of about 67,000 fans, making it the biggest concert ever held at the Dome. The record was previously held by Tsuyoshi Nagabuchi in 1992 when his concert drew an audience of 65,000.
On December 22, 2007, Hey! Say! JUMP held their debut concert "Hey! Say! JUMP Debut & First Concert Ikinari! in Tokyo Dome". They became the youngest group ever to perform in Tokyo Dome average age 15.2 years old.
Japanese rock band Luna Sea held a one night reunion concert "God Bless You ~One Night Dejavu~" on December 24, 2007. It was their first performance together after they "dropped the curtains" in 2000.
In August 2008, KAT-TUN broke the record for the longest consecutive days of concerts, when they performed at the stadium for four days in a row. Less than a year later, they broke their own record with concerts eight days in a row from May 15, 2009, as they sold all tickets immediately.
On July 2009, Korean boyband, TVXQ/JYJ make their first performance on Tokyo Dome after debut for 5 years long in Japan music industry. The group held their last stop for 4th Japan Live Tour at Tokyo Dome for 2 days starting July 4 and 5, making them the first ever Korean group and the second Korean artist to perform here. The ticket concerts were sold out, attracting 55,000 fans on the first day and 50,000 fans on the second day.
On November 3, 2010, Perfume became the second techno-pop unit (after Yellow Magic Orchestra) and second female idol unit (after Speed) to perform at the Dome with their 10th anniversary show titled "1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11". The show sold out within hours of tickets going on sale.
On 5th-6th December 2010, Japanese singer Koda Kumi's "KODA KUMI 10th Anniversary ～FANTASIA～" concerts were held in Tokyo Dome to celebrate her debut 10th anniversary. The two nights were almost sold out. It was the second time the notable singer held her concert in Tokyo Dome since 2007, when she first came with her "Black Cherry Tour", which was sold out within a very short time since tickets were released.
Also in December 2010, Luna Sea performed three consecutive days at the arena during their "20th Anniversary World Tour Reboot". It was their first full-reunion concerts at the arena in ten years. The first two (sold out) concerts on December 23–24 were a formal part of the tour, where they performed their popular songs as well as two new ones. The last day, December 25, was a free, black clothing only, concert titled "Lunacy Kurofuku Gentei Gig ~the Holy Night~" with an attendance of 50,000 people, chosen out of the 500,000 applicants where they played only older material.Notable events
The Dome hosted an annual college football game known as the Coca-Cola Bowl from 1988 to 1993; perhaps the most famous of these games saw Houston Cougars quarterback David Klingler pass for a record 716 yards to lead the 11th-ranked Cougars to a 62-45 victory over the Arizona State Sun Devils on December 1, 1990.
Tokyo Dome has hosted the two-day X-Trail Jam snowboarding competition seven times since February 2001.
The Chicago Cubs and the New York Mets played a pair of games here to open the 2000 season, the first time American Major League Baseball teams have played regular season games in Asia. The New York Yankees and the Tampa Bay Devil Rays played two games there in March of 2004 to open that season. The Boston Red Sox and the Oakland Athletics opened the 2008 MLB season in Japan as well. These teams also competed against Japanese teams. The Boston Red Sox beat the Oakland Athletics 6–5 in extra innings in the first game.
In October 2003, the (then) Seattle Super Sonics beat the L.A. Clippers in the first pre season exhibition game of the NBA 2003-2004 season.
In August 2005, the Atlanta Falcons beat the Indianapolis Colts 27–20 in the first NFL preseason game of the year in the stadium.
The Tokyo Dome has hosted several championship prize fights, including the heavyweight boxing championship fight on February 10, 1990, where Mike Tyson suffers his first professional defeat by losing the title to 42–1 shot James "Buster" Douglas by a tenth-round knockout.
In 1997, mixed martial arts organization PRIDE Fighting Championships held its first event in the dome and attracted 47,000 fans.
Before the team moved to Hokkaido in 2004, the Nippon Ham Fighters also used Tokyo Dome as home ground, and continued to use the dome for several regular season games every season, including inter-league games.
New Japan Pro Wrestling holds an annual Tokyo Dome event on January 4, attracting record crowds. It is the most anticipated pro wrestling ("puroresu") event of the year.
Under the ground rules set up by the dome, any ball that which or is trapped by the hanging items in outfield area's roof will be ruled as home runs. Hitting any other part of the roof will be considered as in-play. In addition, prize money will be given out if any home run hits the advertisement boards in the scoreboard.In popular culture
In their song, "The Sounder", the virtual band Gorillaz makes a reference to the Tokyo Dome, saying: "Gorillaz rock the dome just like the one in Tokyo."
A scene in the Ben Mezrich book Ugly Americans involves a football game between Ivy League and Japanese all-star teams.
In episode 17 of the anime Baki the Grappler, it is revealed that the underground fighting arena for the world's strongest man is on an underground floor of the Tokyo Dome.
The dome can actually be seen in NEWS member, Keiichiro Koyama's music video for his solo song, "Love Addiction".