Thialf
Thialf is an ice arena in Heerenveen, Netherlands. The stadium is used for long track speed skating, short track speed skating, ice hockey, figure skating, and non-sports events. The outdoor rink was opened in 1967, and the indoor stadium was opened in 1986. Several world records were set in the indoor stadium. Annually, Thialf hosts two Speed Skating World Cup events. The arena has a capacity of 12,500 seats. Jan de Jong was the ice rink master at Thialf for many years.

History
Thialf is named after Thor's servant Thialfi who had to race a giant. The construction of the artificial outdoor ice rink was started in 1966 and it was opened on 14 October 1967 by Princess Christina of the Netherlands. It was the third artificial ice rink in the Netherlands, after the Jaap Eden baan and De Scheg. Several national and international tournaments were held in Thialf, but only one world record had been skated on the outdoor rink, by Andrea Schöne on the 5,000 m in 1983. The roofed stadium, which seats 12,500 people, opened on 17 November 1986, about a year after Sportforum Hohenschönhausen in Berlin, which was the first 400m indoor speed skating oval in the world. Thanks to the indoor conditions, allowing climate control, almost all world speed skating records were broken at Thialf in the first season. Since 1988 it has been overtaken as the "fastest ice in the world" by the high-altitude indoor rinks in Calgary and Salt Lake City, which have the additional benefit of low air pressure. Every year there are main skating events like the Dutch, European and World championships, and two Speed Skating World Cup events in Thialf.

Dutch championships
  • 2006 KNSB Dutch Single Distance Championships (27”“30 December 2005)
  • 2007 KNSB Dutch Allround Championships (23”“24 December 2006)
  • 2008 KNSB Dutch Single Distance Championships (26”“28 October 2007)
  • 2009 KNSB Dutch Single Distance Championships (31 October”“2 November 2008)


World Cup
  • 2008”“09 Speed Skating World Cup/World Cup 2 (14”“16 November 2008)
  • 2008”“09 Speed Skating World Cup/World Cup 8 (14”“15 February 2009)
  • 2009”“10 Speed Skating World Cup ”“ World Cup 2 (13”“15 November 2009)
  • 2009”“10 Speed Skating World Cup ”“ World Cup 7 (12”“14 March 2010)


World championships
  • 2007 World Allround Speed Skating Championships
  • 2010 World Allround Speed Skating Championships
  • 2011 World Sprint Speed Skating Championships


Track records
These are the current track records in Thialf.

World records
The following world records were set in Thialf.

Other events
The arena has hosted concerts by many famous artists, including Whitney Houston, Trance Energy and Tina Turner, among others. Also, the national Miss Universe competition was held in Thialf several times.

Men Distance Time Skater Date Duration 500 m 34.81 Jeremy Wotherspoon 19-01-2008 1168 days 1,000 m 1:08.39 Shani Davis 09-12-2007 1209 days 1,500 m 1:44.48 Shani Davis 13-11-2009 504 days 3,000 m 3:41.48 Sven Kramer 20-12-2008 832 days 5,000 m 6:12.97 Sven Kramer 09-02-2007 1512 days 10,000 m 12:49.88 Sven Kramer 11-02-2007 1510 days Women Distance Time Skater Date Duration 500 m 37.60 Jenny Wolf 20-01-2008 1167 days 1,000 m 1:15.01 Christine Nesbitt 22-01-2011 69 days 1,500 m 1:54.05 Ireen Wüst 10-02-2007 1511 days 3,000 m 4:00.28 Ireen Wüst 10-02-2007 1511 days 5,000 m 6:49.31 Martina Sáblí­ková 11-02-2007 1510 days 10,000 m 14:39.76 Carien Kleibeuker 24-03-2006 1834 days Men Distance Time Skater Dates Set Broken 500 m 36.55 Nick Thometz 19-03-1987 14-02-1988 1,000 m 1:12.58 Igor Zhelezovski 25-02-1989 17-12-1993 1,500 m 1:52.70 Nikolay Gulyayev 15-02-1987 05-12-1987 1:48.88 Rintje Ritsma 20-12-1997 12-02-1998 3,000 m 3:59.27 Leo Visser 19-03-1987 13-03-1990 3:57.52 Johann Olav Koss 13-03-1990 03-04-1992 3:52.67 Jelmer Beulenkamp 25-02-1998 21-03-1998 5,000 m 6:47.01 Leo Visser 14-02-1987 22-11-1987 6:45.44 Geir Karlstad 22-11-1987 04-12-1987 6:41.73 Johann Olav Koss 09-02-1991 22-01-1993 6:38.77 Johann Olav Koss 22-01-1993 13-03-1993 6:36.57 Johann Olav Koss 13-03-1993 04-12-1993 6:30.63 Gianni Romme 07-12-1997 08-02-1998 10,000 m 14:03.92 Geir Karlstad 15-02-1987 06-12-1987 13:43.54 Johann Olav Koss 10-02-1991 20-02-1994 13:03.40 Gianni Romme 26-11-2000 20-02-2002 12:57.92 Carl Verheijen 04-12-2005 31-12-2005 12:49.88 Sven Kramer 11-02-2007 10-03-2007 Women Distance Time Skater Dates Set Broken 500 m 39.43 Bonnie Blair 19-03-1987 06-12-1987 3,000 m 4:16.85 Yvonne van Gennip 19-03-1987 05-12-1987 4:07.80 Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann 07-12-1997 13-12-1997 4:05.08 Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann 14-03-1998 27-03-1998 5,000 m 7:40.97 Andrea Schöne 23-01-1983 15-01-1984 7:20.36 Yvonne van Gennip 20-03-1987 28-02-1988 6:55.34 Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann 25-11-2000 10-03-2001

Media

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Building Activity

  • OpenBuildings
    OpenBuildings updated a digital reference
    about 5 years ago via Annotator
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    OpenBuildings updated a digital reference and added a digital reference
    about 5 years ago via OpenBuildings.com