The London Studios
The London Studios (also known as The London Television Centre, LWT Studios or later as ITV Studios) is a television studio complex which is owned by London Weekend Television and has been home to the London Weekend ITV provider since 1972. It is in the heart of London and is situated on the South Bank next to the Royal National Theatre. The studios are the main studios for ITV, with most in-house programming split between The London, Manchester and Leeds Studios.

History
When LWT succeeded ATV for the London weekend ITV franchise in 1968, it bought Associated-Rediffusion's old studios at Wembley (now known as The Fountain Studios). These studios were originally film studios and dated back from the 1920s. Although successfully converted for TV in the 1950s, the new LWT wanted its own, new, modern studios and so designs were soon drawn up. The site for the development was chosen besides the new Royal National Theatre on the South Bank of the River Thames. It was purchased in 1969 and construction work, awarded to Higgs and Hill, commenced in 1970 with the centre opening for transmission in 1972, although it was not fully operational until 1974. It was originally called The South Bank Television Centre (a name that lasted until the early 1990s) and at the time was the most advanced television centre in Europe.

Building
The studios are easily recognisable by the distinctive 21 storey black and white layered tower (called Kent House), standing proud in the London skyline. Sandwiched between the tower block and the River Thames is the main studio block, housing the three largest studios (1, 2 and 3), the restaurant, the studio cafe, offices, make-up and wardrobe. It was designed by London based architecture practice Elsom Pack & Roberts. On the east side of the site, there is a neighbouring building called Gabriel's Wharf. Previously belonging to Younger's Brewery, this three storey building was added later to the site as a scenery store. When This Morning (a live daytime television programme) moved from its studio in Liverpool, 3,000 square feet (280 m 2) from the first storey on the riverside was converted into a studio (named studio 8). Besides studios, the site houses programme production offices, edit suites, dubbing suites, VTR studio booths and graphic booths.

Studios
There have been a total of 9 different studios during the complex's lifespan, but currently there are six. It should also be noted that there are weather studios producing the ITV national, and some of the network's regional forecasts (these are now at Gray's Inn Road). Studio 1 The largest studio on the complex measuring 8,350 sq ft (776 m 2). This studio is home to programmes such as Ant & Dec’s Saturday Night Takeaway , The Graham Norton Show and Al Murray's Happy Hour . The studio has a permanent fixed balcony seating area, which along with movable seating, the studio can accommodate audiences of nearly 600. This makes the studio popular for large audience based shows. Studio 1 was upgraded to HD in December 2009. Studio 2 The second largest on the complex measuring 7,271 sq ft (675.5 m 2) houses Have I Got News For You and Don't Forget the Lyrics! . The studio can accommodate large audiences of up to nearly 400. The studio can also be used as a bare shell as the audience seating structure can be moved out. Studio 2 was upgraded to HD in the summer of 2009. Studio 3 This studio measures 3,136 sq ft (291.3 m 2) and houses daily chatshow Loose Women , Lorraine , ITV Sport Specials and Katie & Peter: Unleashed . The studio has also been the home to some news/current affairs shows. The studio can accommodate audiences of up to 150. The studio also has an "in-the-round" seating with up to 108 audience capacity, with the presenters and set in the middle with the audiences seated around them. Studio 4 Located in the tower block, LWT’s in-vision continuity was broadcast from here until out-of-vision continuity was introduced, when studio 4 was closed. It has since been converted back to offices. Studio 5 Based at the bottom of Kent House, this studio measuring 2,268 sq ft (210.7 m 2). Previously used by GMTV until its ending in 2010. Studio 6 There has never been a 'Studio 6' on the complex. There is however a bar and restaurant in Gabriel's Wharf next door named 'Studio Six'. Studio 7 Located in the studio block on the river's bank, this studio presents panoramic views over the London skyline, including St. Paul’s Cathedral, through its floor-to-ceiling windows. Measuring 2,050 sq ft (190 m 2), studio 7 was home to the London News Network’s local news bulletins from 1993 until 2004. It was built in 1993 for the newly created London News Network, a company which provided local news for the ITV Network in London. Prior to 1993, LWT, the London weekend ITV franchisee, had produced news bulletins for London on Friday evenings, Saturdays and Sundays from studio 10, whilst Thames Television had provided its own news during the rest of the week from its own studios. The new partnership between the new London weekday licencee Carlton and LWT meant one news bulletin would be seen all week, 'London Tonight'. After the Carlton and Granada merger to form ITV Plc however, LNN was disbanded and Independent Television News took over the contract. London Tonight is now produced in their studios on Grays Inn Road. It was then largely disused afterwards. In September 2010, Daybreak, ITV's breakfast programme began using the studio. Studio 8 This studio, located besides the main complex in the building known as Gabriel’s Wharf is 2,958 sq ft (274.8 m 2). Daytime show This Morning has occupied this studio since the show moved to London from Liverpool in 1996. It has 3 large windows overlooking the Thames which appear silver from the outside, restricting people being able to see in from the outside and reducing glare inside. Studio 9 This small studio was used when ITV2 used in-vision announcers and was located next to studio 7. It is now used for the studio's tapeless recording system allowing editors to edit programmes shortly after they have been recorded. Studio 10 Studio 10 was on the 10th floor of the tower and was used for London’s weekend and Friday evening’s local news (produced originally by LWT) as well as Crime Monthly before studio 7 was built. This studio was equipped with Philips cameras and a show entitled Talk TV was output from here for Talk Digital Channel before the Studio was converted into offices in 2003. The studio is visible from the south bank by looking towards the tower with your back facing St. Paul's cathedral and noting the studio’s windows (which are slightly blue and more clear compared to the other windows).

ITV
The studios were originally built by the London weekend ITV franchise holder, London Weekend Television (LWT). In 1993 Carlton Television won the London weekday franchise from Thames Television, but unlike Thames, Carlton didn’t have any of their own studios or property. Carlton therefore rented space in the tower from 1993 for their own post production and continuity facilities. The rental agreement continued until 2002 when an agreement was reached for Carlton to be permanently based within space used by LWT; in the intervening years LWT had been taken over by Granada Television and a close relationship had developed between Granada and Carlton. This led to consolidation within the ITV network and an agreement for the two to work together as ITV London. Since 2002, all the ITV plc-owned regions' continuity before national programmes has been presented from the London Studios, as well as continuity before regional programmes in the following regions: Meridian, Westcountry, HTV West, Anglia, the unofficial ITV Thames Valley region and since 2006 HTV Wales, although between 2002-2006 the Welsh stations continuity was recorded and sent Electronically to London. The complex also houses the continuity of ITV plc's digital channels ITV2, ITV3, ITV4 and CITV. The site also handled the playout of all the above until 2007, when the service was outsourced to Technicolor Network Services (TNS) (owned by Thomson). The play-out is now run from TNS's broadcast centre in Chiswick. TNS now provides network feeds to transmission centres in Leeds (home of the Northern Transmission Centre, which was also taken over by TNS as part of the deal), Glasgow ( STV), Belfast ( UTV) and St. Helier ( Channel Television - which also receives a feed of Meridian Television).

ITV Studios
In 1994, Granada Television took over LWT, thus acquiring the building. When ITV franchises were permitted to take one another over in the 1990s (which had previously been restricted), Carlton and Granada, between the two companies, eventually owned all the franchises in England and Wales. By the time the two companies merged in 2004, all of Carlton’s studios had either been sold, or were surplus to requirement, so were sold soon after. Although the parent companies merged, and are now one (called ITV plc), Granada Television Ltd still exists as a subsidiary of ITV plc, and owns all ITV plc’s studios (wholly in Leeds and London, jointly in Manchester). Today the studios produce the bulk of original ITV Studios’ programmes, but anyone can hire the studios, meaning the studios are often seen on other channels’ programmes. The Met Office weather studios which provide national weather forecasts are also based at The London Studios, as well as ITV Creative who promote programmes on the ITV network.

Studio programming
The London Studios is home to many popular game, chat and comedy entertainment programmes. List of shows, studio used and network below.


Programme Channel Studio Status Alan Carr: Chatty Man Channel 4 1 On air The Alan Titchmarsh Show ITV1 1 On air Daybreak ITV Breakfast Limited 7 On air Piers Morgan's Life Stories ITV 1 On air Who Dares, Sings! ITV 1 On air The Charlotte Church Show Channel 4 1 Off air The Six O'Clock Show ITV 1 Off air Al Murray's Happy Hour ITV 1 On air An Audience with... ITV 1 On air Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway ITV 1 Off air The Big Big Talent Show ITV 1 Off air Blind Date ITV 1 Off air The British Comedy Awards ITV 1 On air Don't Try This At Home ITV 1 Off air The Dame Edna Treatment ITV 1 Off air Don't Forget Your Toothbrush Channel 4 1 & 2 Off air Fantastic Facts ITV 1 Off air Friday Night Live Channel 4 1 Off air The Sunday Night Project Channel 4 1 Off air The Word Channel 4 1 Off air The Graham Norton Show BBC1 1 On air Hale & Pace ITV 1 Off air Parkinson BBC1/ ITV 1 Off air Richard Hammond's 5 O'Clock Show ITV 1 Off air Saturday Live Again ITV 1 On air Saturday Night Divas ITV 1 Off air Pride of Britain Awards ITV 1 On air Pop Stars: The Rivals ITV 1 Off air QI BBC2 1 On air Saturday Zoo ITV 1 Off air Sticky Moments Channel 4 1 Off air Surprise, Surprise ITV 1 Off air Clive Anderson Talks Back Channel 4 2 Off air Don't Forget the Lyrics! Sky One 2 On air Have I Got News for You BBC1/ BBC2 2 On air Late Show with David Letterman CBS 2 Off air 6ixth Sense Living TV 2 On air The Colour of Money ITV1 2 On air Balls of Steel Channel 4 2 On air The Paul O'Grady Show ITV/ Channel 4 2 Off air Father Ted Channel 4 2 Off air So Graham Norton Channel 4 2 Off air The Sharon Osbourne Show ITV 2 Off air Time Gentlemen Please Sky One 2 Off air Upstairs Downstairs ITV 2 & 5 Off air Junior Eurovision ITV2 2 Off air V Graham Norton Channel 4 2 Off air SMTV Live ITV 2 Off air CD:UK ITV 2 Off air Christian O'Connell's Sunday Service Sky One 2 Off air Tonightly Channel 4 3 On air ITV Sport Specials ITV 3 On air The 11 O'Clock Show Channel 4 3 Off air Jonathan Dimbleby ITV 3 Off air Katie & Peter: Unleashed ITV2 3 Off air Light Lunch Channel 4 3 Off air Loose Women ITV 3 On air Russell Harty ITV 3 Off air The South Bank Show ITV 3 Off air Today with Des and Mel ITV 3 Off air Your Face or Mine? Channel 4/ E4 3 Off air The Jordan Show ITV 3 On air LWT announcements LWT 4 Off air GMTV GMTV BROADCASTING ON THE ITV NETWORK 5 Off air The Fluffy Club CITV on ITV1 / CITV channel 5 On air Wakey Wakey CITV on ITV1 / CITV channel 5 Off air Toonattik CITV on ITV1 / CITV channel 5 On air Dickie Davies' World of Sport ITV 5 Off air Saturday Scene ITV 5 Off air The Big Match ITV 5 Off air I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! Now ITV2 7 On air I'm a Celebrity... exclusive ITV2 7 Off air ITV Sport ITV 7 On air London Tonight London News Network 7 Off air Strictly Come Dancing: It Takes Two BBC Three 7 Off air World Cuppa ITV4 7 Off air Champions League ITV 8 On air This Morning ITV 8 On air ITV2 announcements ITV2 9 Off air LWT News LWT 10 Off air Crime Monthly ITV 10 Off air Police 5 ITV 10 & 5 Off air 6 O'Clock Live ITV 10 Off air Close to Home ITV 2 Off air Tom and Vicky CITV Not sure Off air The Chase ITV 2 On air The Treacle People CITV Not sure Off air

Building Activity

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