Ten Bells
The Ten Bells is a Victorian public house at the corner of Commercial Street and Fournier Street in Spitalfields in the East End of London. It is notable for its association with two victims of Jack the Ripper; Annie Chapman and Mary Kelly. A public house has stood on the site since 1752, but it was rebuilt in the Victorian era. Much of the interior has been removed in recent times, but the extensive decorative tiling remains. A pictorial panel of painted tiles on the back wall, entitled Spitalfields in ye Olden Time, was designed by the firm of Wm B. Simpson and Sons and dates from the late 19th century. The name of the pub is derived from a long”“term competition between Christ Church Spitalfields and St Brides Fleet Street to claim the finest peal of bells. Christ Church was built in 1714, with only one bell. These were added to and the public house's name commemorates the addition of the tenth bell. The church now has eight bells. Between 1976 and 1988, the public house was named The Jack the Ripper, and memorabilia relating to the case was displayed in the bars. The brewery ordered the change back to its original name after a long campaign by Reclaim the Night demanded that a murderer of women should not be commemorated in such a fashion. The pub is featured in the graphic novel From Hell (1999), about Jack the Ripper, by writer Alan Moore and artist Eddie Campbell. Certain scenes show its erstwhile, late twentieth century, use as a striptease venue. The film adaptation From Hell (2001), also features the pub, including a scene showing Johnny Depp (as Inspector Abberline) having a drink with Ripper victim Mary Kelly. The public house was designated a Grade II listed building in 1973.