Teatralna

Teatralna (Ukrainian: Театральна) is a station on the Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line of the Kiev Metro system. The station serves as a transfer point, via a pedestrian walkway connecting it to the Zoloti Vorota station on the Syretsko-Pecherska Line. The station was opened in 1987, between the Universytet and Khreshchatyk stations which were opened 27 years earlier. Currently there is a proposal for a second entrance to the station.

The station owes its name to the Kiev Opera Theatre located a few blocks away, and Lesya Ukrainka National Academic Theater of Russian Drama, next to the metro entrance. Prior to 1992, the station was known as Leninska (Ukrainian: Ленiнська, Russian: Ленинская, Leninskaya) from its location on Leninska Street (renamed to Khmelnytska Street), in reference to Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin.

History

In the original 1950s Kiev Metro development plans, the northwest-southeast Syretsko-Pecherska Line was not foresee. Therefore, no space was left for a transfer station on the Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska line. When the former line was being planned during the 1970s, it was decided that a new station was to be built onto the existing track.

The original curved tunnels lacked any provision for a future platform, and had to be very precisely rebored to create a straight section for the new station. Construction began simultaneously when the work commenced on the Syretsko-Pecherska Line in the early 1980s. During the last six months of construction, the service on the line was disrupted, and the Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line was effectively split in two, with a replacement bus service operating free of charge between the two stations on either end, Universytet from the west, and Khreshchatyk from the east, respectfully. Finally, on November 7, 1987 (the 70th anniversary of the October Revolution), the Teatralna station was opened to the public. The old tunnels were then used to build the enlarged vault of Zoloti Vorota, which opened in 1989. An underground walkway connects the rear end of Zoloti Vorota to the side of Tetralna, allowing passengers to change lines without leaving the metro.

Architecture

The Teatralna station's decor strongly recalls its former name, that of commemorating Vladimir Lenin. As it was located between two earlier stations constructed in the Stalinist style, its architects T. Tselikovska, N. Aloshkin and A. Krushynsky took care not to create any sharp contrasts between the Teatralna station and those that were already existing. Rich red marble adorns thick pylons which separate the platforms from the central hall. They hold niches decorated with bronze sculptures showing the name and life years of Vladimir Lenin, leading up to a large bronze bas-relief at the end of the central hall. The walls are reveted with white marble and the floor is laid with grey granite.

In the early 1990s, almost all of the Lenin plaques, statues and individual sculptures were removed from around Kiev, including from other Metro stations. Leninska station was renamed to Teatralna in 1992. However, the statue on the street and bas-relief in the station were retained, among just a handful of surviving Lenin monuments in Kiev.

Keeping the Lenin monuments on the station cost the director of the metro company, Mykola Shavlovsky, his position. Kiev Mayor Leonid Chernovetsky criticized Shavlovsky for lack of order in the metro. "Everything is left as it was in 1970s. Socialism is still left in the metro-just take a ride-the citations of Vladimir Lenin are all around . But even Lenin did not want such a metro as it is these days."

Building Activity

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