Stockholm-Bromma Airport
Stockholm-Bromma Airport ( IATA: BMA, ICAO: ESSB) is an airport in Stockholm, Sweden. Stockholm-Bromma Airport is located 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) west northwest of downtown Stockholm and is the closest to the city. Bromma is Sweden's fifth largest airport (2008) and the third largest airport near Stockholm, and third largest in Sweden in terms of take-offs and landings.

History
During the 1930s the need for a proper airport for Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden, became urgent. The airport was opened in 1936 by King Gustav V, and was the first airport in Europe to have paved runways from the start. During World War II Swedish and British aircraft flew to the United Kingdom from Bromma Airport. Since these flights sometimes carried Norwegian and Danish refugees the airport became of interest for German spies, and two Swedish Douglas DC-3 that had taken off from Bromma were shot down by the Germans during the war. After the war the airport flourished, two noted airlines that operated from the airport were Aktiebolaget Aerotransport (ABA) which subsequently became the Swedish partner in Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) and Linjeflyg (the Swedish main domestic airline which was later acquired by SAS). However the runway of Bromma was too short for the jet age and for intercontinental traffic in the 1960s (e.g. DC-8), and the capacity limit of Bromma could be foreseen, therefore the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport was built. With the opening of the Arlanda Airport in 1960”“62, all international traffic moved there, the domestic traffic followed in 1983. Bromma became the domain of business jets, general aviation and flight schools in addition to government use. Several of the old hangars were separated from the airport area and turned into shopping outlets adjacent to the airport. With the start of operations by Malmö Aviation with services to Gothenburg, Malmö and London City Airport the airport has experienced something of a renaissance. In 2002 a new control tower was put into use on Ranhammarshöjden and the terminal which had become rundown after years of neglect was renovated. The airport underwent further improvements in 2005 and is now capable of separating passengers arriving from within and outside of the Schengen area. Sweden's first FBO ( Fixed base operator), Grafair Jet Center, was built in 2004 at the Stockholm-Bromma Airport. The Swedish CAA at the time, Luftfartsverket, announced a bidding process in 2003 for a contract to build a General Aviation terminal at the airport in order to improve the ground services provided for the general aviation customers flying to Stockholm and the Stockholm-Bromma Airport. Grafair won the contract and went on to build the FBO, which was finished 11 November 2004. The Grafair Jet Center was voted the 3rd best international FBO in May 2008 in AIN - Aviation International News.

Future
Expansion of the airport is limited by noise issues, a lack of space, and the necessity to preserve the cultural heritage (the airport buildings). With the completion of the third runway at Stockholm-Arlanda Airport there is a capacity surplus at that airport, and there are conflicting views on whether to use the land occupied by Bromma Airport for residential and commercial purposes. Bromma's main advantage over the much larger Stockholm-Arlanda Airport is its proximity to the centre of Stockholm (about 8 km or 5 miles). However, Arlanda's fast rail link, completed in 1999, means that Bromma's competitive edge in this respect is somewhat lost. Both airports are now 20 minutes from the Stockholm Central railway station. Although, far from all passengers using Arlanda International go there by train, however fast. For Bromma Airport there has been discussion about a future light railway to pass by. It is now being built ( Tvärbanan, to open year 2013), but it will not be so close, at least 1 km. Still Bromma Airport remains popular with both airlines and passengers, especially among those disliking large airports, and those preferring taxi as transportation in a foreign city.

Environmental issues
When the airport opened in 1936 the surrounding area was mostly rural, however as the city has expanded noise has become an issue. Therefore certain measures have been put in place, such as limiting airport operations to the daytime, limiting the type of commercial aircraft which are allowed to operate from the airport and soundproofing residential homes near the airport. There has also been a suggestion of denying general aviation and flight schools use of the airport, in order to lessen the impact on the surrounding community.

Surface transport

Bus
  • Buss 110 and 152 of the Stockholm Transit system stop at the airport or have a bus stop close to the airport. Travel time to central Stockholm is usually 30 minutes.
  • Airport coaches travel directly between Stockholm-Bromma Airport and the City Terminal (approx. 20 min travel time) where airport coaches and a high speed train ( Arlanda Express) connects to Stockholm-Arlanda Airport. There are also airport coaches to Stockholm-Skavsta Airport.


Taxi
  • There is a taxi stand at the airport, and the proximity to central Stockholm usually ensures that the availability is sufficient at most times.


Airport parking
  • There is parking at the airport, both at the terminal, short-term and long-term parking lots. Terminal parking costs 45 Swedish kronor/h and is limited to one hour, while short-term and long-term parking is slightly less expensive depending on the length of time. The parking lots are managed by the airport authority Luftfartsverket.


Other tenants
Bromma Airport is home of two flight clubs ( Stockholms Flygklubb and SAS Flygklubb), as well as two flight schools ( LidAir and Airways).

Airlines and destinations

Accidents
  • On February 18, 1951, a RAF Vickers Valetta with 22 passengers and crew on a military flight suffered a failure of the No. 2 engine and radio problems while near Stockholm-Bromma Airport. Smoke was also seen coming from beneath the floor of the rear of the cabin. The crew attempted to make an emergency landing at the airport, however due to poor alignment with the runway and poor weather caused the aircraft to overshoot the runway. The aircraft climbed very poorly due to effects of airframe icing and the pilot made a forced belly landing on a clearing on high ground. One person was killed and the aircraft totally destroyed.
  • On April 1, 1951, a Scandinavian Airlines Douglas DC-3 on a flight from Copenhagen Kastrup Airport to Stockholm-Bromma Airport crash-landed in a field near Stockholm-Bromma Airport. None of the 18 passengers or 4 crew members were killed, but the aircraft was a write-off.
  • On 15 January 1977, Linjeflyg Flight 618 operated by SE-FOZ crashed at Kälvesta on approach due to ice accretion on the tailplane leading to a loss of control. All 22 people on board were killed.


Airlines Destinations Blekingeflyg operated by Avitrans Ronneby British Airways operated by Sun Air of Scandinavia Århus, Billund Brussels Airlines Brussels Finnair Helsinki Flyglinjen Jönköping Flysmåland operated by Avitrans Växjö Golden Air Trollhättan Gotlandsflyg operated by Avitrans Visby Gotlandsflyg operated by Golden Air Visby Kalmarflyg operated by Avitrans Kalmar Kullaflyg operated by Golden Air Ängelholm Malmö Aviation Gothenburg-Landvetter, Malmö, Umeå Nextjet Östersund, Trondheim Skyways Express operated by Avia Express Halmstad, Visby Skyways Express operated by Direktflyg Halmstad, Visby Sundsvallsflyg operated by Golden Air Sundsvall

Building Activity

  • paul ad
    paul ad commented
    fairly forgettable if not for it's small size and convenience. you can live without seeing this.
    about 6 years ago via Mobile