Stari Grad

Stari Grad (Serbian Cyrillic:Стари град); (English: Old town) is the remains of a fortress near the town of Užice, in central Serbia. It is an example of typical medieval Serbian architecture. Historians believe it was built between the 12th and 13th centuries to control movement along nearby roads, and the town of Užice. It is positioned on a large steep cliff, and surrounded on three sides by the river Đetinja. Today it consists of an several ruined buildings, including the citadel and many of its surrounding walls.

History

Serbian župan from 14th century, Nikola Altomanović (Vojinović) ruled vast areas from Rudnik, over Polimlje, Podrinje, east Herzegovina with Trebinje, till Konavle and Dračevica, neighboring the Republic of Dubrovnik. He was defeated and blinded in Užice (fortress Užice) in 1373 by a coalition of his neighbors Knez Lazar and bosnian king Tvrtko I Kotromanić, supported by the king Ludovik I of Hungary.

During next almost five hundred, the fortress was settled by Turkish army. From that period there is a great number of legends. According to the legend which describes how the Đetinja River got its name, the Ottoman Turks in the times when they ruled these lands, once punished the local Užican people by taking their children and brutally throwing them into the river. Thus the river was named Đetinja rijeka, which in Užican dialect means the children's river.

The town was destroyed in January 1863, along with six others according to the peace treaty, signed by Mihailo Obrenović, when the Ottomans left the fortresses.

From 2000 to 2002, there was a summer theatre stage on the top.

Bibliography
  • Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0472082604, 0472100793.