St Mary's HospitalEdit profile
Coordinates: 51°31′2″N 0°10′23″W / 51.51722°N 0.17306°W / 51.51722; -0.17306
St Mary's Hospital is a hospital located in Paddington, London, England that was founded in 1845. Since the UK's first academic health science centre was created in 2008, it is operated by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, which also operates Charing Cross Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital and Western Eye Hospital; and runs some services at St Charles Hospital in Ladbroke Grove.
Until 1988 the hospital ran St Mary's Hospital Medical School, part of the federal University of London. In 1988 it merged with Imperial College London, and then with Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School in 1997 to form Imperial College School of Medicine. Imperial College left the federal university in 2007, to become independent.History
Famous researchers at St Mary's include:
- John Scott Burdon-Sanderson - Regius Professor of Medicine at the University of Oxford and Royal Medal winner
- Ara Darzi, Baron Darzi of Denham - Health Minister
- Felix Eastcott - performed one of the first ever carotid endarterectomies 20 May 1954
- Alexander Fleming - awarded the Nobel Prize for discovery of penicillin
- John Henry - clinical toxicologist who did crucial work on poisoning and drug overdose
- Albert Neuberger - professor of chemical pathology
- Rodney Porter - awarded the Nobel Prize for research on the chemical structure of antibodies
- Randall Sollenberger (surgeon and anaesthetist) invented and pioneered use of the mobile operating theatre
- Bernard Spilsbury - pathologist and one of the pioneers of modern forensic medicine
- Joseph Toynbee - otologist
- Augustus Waller - whose research led to the invention of the electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Almroth Wright - advanced vaccination through the use of autogenous vaccines
Famous alumni of St Mary's Hospital Medical School include:
- Roger Bannister - First man to run a four-minute mile, professor of neurology
- Tuppy Owen-Smith - International rugby player and cricketer
- JPR Williams - International rugby player
Important discoveries at St Mary's include:
- Heroin (diacetylmorphine) — in 1874.
- Penicillin (Penicillium Chrysogenum) — in 1928.
Famous people born at St Mary's include:
- Elvis Costello (b.1954) British musician.
- Kiefer Sutherland (b.1966) Canadian actor.
- The Duke of Cambridge (b.1982) 2nd in Line of Succession to the British throne
- Prince Harry of Wales (b.1984) 3rd in Line of Succession to the British throne
- Peter Phillips (b.1977) Son of The Princess Anne, Princess Royal and 11th in Line of Succession to the British throne.
- Zara Phillips (b.1981) Daughter of The Princess Anne, Princess Royal, equestrienne and 12th in line of succession.
- Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster (b.1974) Son of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, and 21st in line of succession.
- Lady Davina Lewis (b.1977) Daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, and 22rd in line of succession.
- Lady Rose Gilman (b.1980) Daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, and 23rd in line of succession.
- Lord Frederick Windsor (b.1979) Son of HRH Prince Michael of Kent and 32nd in line of succession.
- Lady Gabriella Windsor (b.1981) Daughter of HRH Prince Michael of Kent and 33rd in line of succession.
The laboratory where Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin has been restored to its cramped condition of 1928 and incorporated into a museum about the discovery and his life and work. It is open to the public from Monday to Thursday from 10am to 1pm and can be visited by appointment outside of these times. The museum is a member of the London Museums of Health & Medicine.
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