St. Mary's Church, Hanwell

St Mary's Parish Church is a Church of England church. Situated at the western end of Church Road in Hanwell, London W7 3BJ. Dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, it is still in active use today.

History

Built upon the highest point in Hanwell and providing a commanding view out over the River Brent valley, it is the perfect site for a parish church. No 'hard' archaeological evidence has been found so far, to show that any church existed here earlier than shown in written records. However, due to its commanding topographical position, which enables the distinctive broach spire to be seen from many miles away, it has been suggested that this may have been a pagan place of worship long before Christianity reached this part of the world. There is however, no evidence to support this theory. An early supporter of this hypothesis was Sir Montagu Sharpe KC DL, a local historian and a member of the Society of Antiquaries. In nearby Northolt, the parish church of St.Mary's, which is also on high ground, has had much evidence found around it of past occupation by the beaker people. Historian have further suggested that a Roman villa may have once occupied the site of that church. These two elevated sites along with nearby St. Mary's, Harrow on the Hill and Castle Bar, all being clearly visible to each other, would have been natural places for people to congregate – what ever their beliefs.

Sharpe also pointed out, other possible evidence of the parishes pre-Christian origins. The field boundaries of Hanwell, (the hedges of which, have since been mostly grubbed out), were roughly of the same measurements and orientation of the Roman 'limes' or land divisions. Even more tantalizing he observed: that at exactly at the north east corner stood the gate and path of Perivale's parish church of St. Mary's. Had these hedges still been in existence today, it would have been possible to perform an accurate statistical analysis of the field lines to determine the probability against pure chance that these field were laid out by Roman surveyors.

It is possible that the first church to be built at this place in Hawell was in the time of St. Dunstan around 954 AD but records are sparse and inconclusive. The first firm evidence of a church here, is for the mid c.12 when it was the mother church for the ancient parish, of these parts, which in those days extended further south, down to the river Thames at what is now called New Brentford.

The Victorian Church

Despite a gallery being built in 1823 the old Georgian building becoming too small for the growing population. Therefore, a decision was made to replace it with a new and larger church. Architect George Gilbert Scott won the commission for the design. The Gothic style of architecture was enjoying a revival and so Scott used Gothic arches and flint walls with white bricks quoins. A notable and widely visible landmark from its high elevation, the bell tower, at the south west end, is topped with a broach spire. It was consecrated by Charles James Blomfield the Bishop of London on 27 April 1842.

This was one of Scott's early attempts at designing churches and one that he came not to be happy with; describing it later as a mass of horrors. He came to realise that it was something of a mistake not to have a chancel. However, a chancel and a second vestry (by W. Pywell) were added in 1898.

The famous painter William Frederick Yeames, (who at one time was its churchwarden), is then thought to have done the wall paintings in the chancel.

Notable features

The east stained glass lancet windows are notable for their early use of very vivid, hard, bright colours. The design depicts the Nativity, Crucifixion and Resurrection.

Monuments

In the grave yard is a monument to the Glasses family. English Heritage has given it a Grade II listing.

The great reformer Jonas Hanway who was buried here in the crypt on September 13, 1786 has his memorial plaque in Westminster Abbey instead.

Behind the pulpit the is a fine memorial to Margaret Emma Orde, wife to Sir John Orde, 1st Baronet. It is sculptured by van Gilder who often worked with Robert Adam.

At the western end on the south side is a bronze bust of the missionary Rev. Alec Field. He was on the ship SS Falaba when it was torpedoed by German U-boat U-28 in 1915 and he was numbered amongst the 140 lost souls. Alice Wait, a fellow missionary, has given an account of the warning, attack and sinking and of the last time she saw Rev. Fields. This brought America into the war and became remembered as the Thrasher incident.

Inside the church in the north east corner is a plaque to commemorate Bombardier Billy Wells. He was an English heavyweight boxer but remembered today as the man striking the gong at the start of each film released by the Rank Organisation. He was often to be seen on the local golf course. His ashes now rest in the crypt.

Notable rectors

Perhaps the most famous rector was Dr. George H. Glasse. Son of the previous rector Rev. Samuel Glasse, D.D. Oxon., F.R.S., George was a great Greek and Latin scholar, writer and a man of social influence. Still surviving is the home he had built in 1809 which lays 500ft, west of the Church along Church Road. It is executed in the style of cottage orné and named The Hermitage (Grade II). Nikolaus Pevsner described it thus: “a peach of an early c19 Gothic thatched cottage with two pointed windows, a quatrefoil, and an ogee arched door, all on a minute scale. Inside, an octagonal hall and reception room”. Tragically, four years after his second marriage, he found himself in dire financial straits. These troubles where thought to have weighed so heavily upon him, that whilst his mind was deranged with worry, he hung himself at an inn in London on October 30th 1809.

Rev. Derwent Coleridge (instituted March 7th 1864) was also a distinguished scholar and author. His father was Samuel Taylor Coleridge who was one of the Lake poets. In order to meet the spiritual needs of the growing population of the parish. He established St. Mark's Church on the corner of Green Lane and the Lower Boston Road. This building still stands but has since been converted into flats.

In latter years another well-known rector was Fred Secombe (brother of Harry Secombe). He arrived March 9th 1969. By the time of his departure he had already been mentioned on several national news reports. Since leaving and moving back to Wales, he has become a prolific author.

As a film location

St Mary's has the advantage of having no passing traffic, thus an absence of all those inconveniences and interruptions that drive directors to trichotillomania. Little wonder then, that the following have been film there:

  • Staggered (1994): Starred Martin Clunes as a man late for his own wedding. St Mary's was used for most of the church shots.
  • Shine on Harvey Moon (1993) for ITV television: This was a period drama series set in the 1940s. The funeral sequences were also filmed at St Mary's.