Silesia StadiumEdit profile
Silesian Stadium also known as the National Stadium (Polish: Stadion Śląski or Stadion Narodowy) is a sport stadium located between Chorzów and Katowice, Silesia, Poland. It opened on 22 July 1956 and has since hosted crowds of over 120,000 for both football matches and motorcycle speedway world championships. It also hosts music festivals.History
In 1959 the decision was made to build the Silesia Stadium in 1950 and Julian Brzuchowski was chosen as its designer. Silesia Stadium was completed in 1956, together with the 10th Anniversary Stadium (Polish: Stadion Dziesięciolecia) in Warsaw. On 22 July 1956, it hosted its first event - a friendly game with the East Germany national football team (2:0 for the Germans). Electric lighting was installed in 1959.
Initially designed to hold 87,000 people, it was often filled by crowds ranging between 90,000 and 100,000. On 18 September 1963, it held a record number of spectators (120,000) during a European Cup match between Górnik Zabrze and FK Austria Wien. However, the enforcement of international security standards forced the stadium's authorities to reduce its number of seats.
In 1993, the stadium was designated as the official home stadium of the Polish national football team. In the 1990s, the stadium was converted to an all-seater stadium, reducing the capacity to 47,246. Currently, there are plans to expand its capacity to 55,211 and to construct a roof over the stadium (claimed to become one of the largest in the world, 43,000 m2). The stadium will be expanded by tearing off a portion of the west stand to make room for the 2nd tier. Before the expansion, only the east stand had a 2nd tier.Events
- 22 July 1974 Silesia vs Tanzania was played at the Silesia Stadium. Silesia won 7:2.
- from the 1950s to now - derby of Upper Silesia (more precisely the derby of Upper-Silesian Metropolis) was played at the stadium.
The grass of Silesia Stadium is surrounded by a speedway track. The first World Final held at the stadium in 1973 was run in front of the largest crowd in world speedway history when a reported 120,000 fans saw rank outsider Jerzy Szczakiel of Poland win his only (and Poland's first) World Championship after defeating defending champion Ivan Mauger of New Zealand in a run-off after both had finished the championship tied on 13 points. Mauger fell on lap 2 the 4 lap run-off leaving Szczakiel to win easily.
Major events run at the Stadium in the past include:Concerts
The stadium has hosted concerts by famous artists, Including U2.Other
In 2009, it was the venue of performances by Monster Jam.