Semperoper, DresdenEdit profile
The Semperoper is the opera house of the Sächsische Staatsoper Dresden (Saxon State Opera Dresden) and the concert hall of the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden (Saxon State Orchestra Dresden). It is situated beside the River Elbe in the city of Dresden, Germany, and was originally built, in 1841, by architect Gottfried Semper.History
The building style itself is debated among many, as it has features that appear in the Early Renaissance style, Baroque and even features Corinthian style pillars typical of classical Greece (classical revival). Perhaps the most suitable label for this style would be Eclecticism; where influences from many styles are used- a practice most common during this period.
The building was reconstructed after a fire destroyed it in 1869. The citizenry demanded that Gottfried Semper do the reconstruction, even though he was in exile at the time because of his activities in the May Uprising in Dresden in 1849. So the architect had his son Manfred Semper complete the second opera house with his father's plans. This second one was constructed in Neo-Renaissance style in 1878. During construction, performances were held at the Gewerbehausall, which opened in 1870.
The building is considered to be a prime example of "Dresden-Baroque" architecture. It is situated on the Theater Square in central Dresden on the bank of the Elbe River. On top of the portal there is a Panther quadriga with a statue of Dionysos. The interior was created by such famous architects of the time as Johannes Schilling. Monuments on the portal depict famous artists such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller, William Shakespeare, Sophocles, Molière and Euripides. The building also features work by Ernst Rietschel and Ernst Julius Hähnel.
In the pre-war years, the building premiered many of the works of Richard Strauss.
During the last weeks of World War II in 1945 the building was destroyed again - this time by Allied bombing and the subsequent fire storms. Exactly 40 years later, on February 13, 1985 the opera was rebuilt almost the same as it was before the war. It reopened with the same opera that was performed last before the destruction in 1945: Weber's Der Freischütz.
During the flood of the Elbe in 2002 the building suffered heavy water damage. With substantial help from around the world, it reopened in December 2002.
Today, most operas are accompanied by the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden. The Generalmusikdirektor (GMD) of the Semperoper is generally separate from that of the Staatskapelle Dresden, with exceptions to that being Karl Böhm, Hans Vonk (conductor) and Fabio Luisi, the most recent GMD. Luisi resigned from the Semperoper chief conductorship in February 2010, with immediate effect, after reports that the Staatskapelle's management had secured a contract with the ZDF network for a scheduled televised concert on New Year's Eve, 2011, without consulting him at all in his capacity as the orchestra's GMD.Artists associated with the Semperoper
Conductors associated with Semperoper
- Carl Maria von Weber
- Richard Wagner
- Ernst von Schuch
- Fritz Busch
- Giuseppe Sinopoli
- Karl Böhm
- Fabio Luisi
- Bernd Aldenhoff
- Elisabeth Höngen
- Elisabeth Rethberg
- Ernestine Schumann-Heink
- Erna Sack
- Therese Malten
- Edda Moser
- Hermann Wedekind
- Marie Wittich
- 1842: Wagner - Rienzi
- 1843: Wagner - The Flying Dutchman
- 1845: Wagner - Tannhäuser
- 1901: Richard Strauss - Feuersnot
- 1905: Richard Strauss - Salome
- 1909: Richard Strauss - Elektra (opera)
- 1911: Richard Strauss - Der Rosenkavalier
- 1925: Ferruccio Busoni - Doktor Faust
- 1926: Paul Hindemith - Cardillac
- 1926: Kurt Weill - Der Protagonist
- 1927: Emil von Reznicek - Spiel oder Ernst
- 1927: Othmar Schoeck - Penthesilea (opera)
- 1928: Richard Strauss - Die ägyptische Helena
- 1930: Schoeck - Vom Fischer and syner Fru
- 1932: Eugen d'Albert - Mr Wu
- 1933: Richard Strauss - Arabella
- 1935: Richard Strauss - Die schweigsame Frau
- 1935: Rudolf Wagner-Régeny - Der Günstling
- 1937: Schoeck - Massimilla Doni
- 1938: Richard Strauss - Daphne