Santa Monica Pier
The Santa Monica Pier is located at the foot of Colorado Avenue in Santa Monica, California and is a prominent, 100-year-old landmark.

The pier contains Pacific Park, a family amusement park with a large Ferris wheel. It also has a carousel from the 1920s, an aquarium, shops, entertainers, an arcade, a trapeze school, a pub, and restaurants. The end of the pier is a popular location for anglers.

Santa Monica has had several piers over the years, however the current Santa Monica Pier is actually two adjoining piers that long had separate owners. The long, narrow Municipal Pier opened 9 September 1909, primarily to carry sewer pipes beyond the breakers, and had no amenities. The short, wide adjoining Pleasure Pier to the south, a.k.a. Newcomb Pier, was built in 1916 by Charles I. D. Looff and his son Arthur, amusement park pioneers. The Carousel was built in 1922 on the Pleasure Pier and features 44 hand-carved horses. It was rebuilt in 1990 inside the Looff Hippodrome. A calliope provides musical accompaniment. The La Monica Ballroom opened in 1924 and closed in 1962. The La Monica Ballroom became home to Spade Cooley in the early fifties. From 1958 until 1962 it served as a roller skating rink, first as Skater's Ballroom and then Santa Monica Roller Rink. The speed skating club won many state and regional championships. The bridge to the pier and entry gate were built in 1938 by the federal Works Project Administration, and replaced the former grade connection. The Looff Pier, then known as Newcomb Pier, was acquired by the city in the 1953. In the 1960s various plans were proposed that would entail removal of the pier. The strangest one called for the construction of an artificial island with a 1500-room hotel. It was approved by the City Council, but citizens formed "Save the Santa Monica Bay" to preserve the pier. The outstanding order to raze the pier was revoked by the city council in 1973. That same year the Carousel and Hippodrome were memorable sets in the film The Sting , although the story was set in Chicago. In the 1950’s Enid Newcomb suggested to family friend Morris “Pops” Gordon that his two sons, George and Eugene, purchase and operate the Pier’s arcade. It didn’t take much persuasion, for the Gordons instantly took to the Pier and ultimately made Playland Arcade into the Pier’s longest running enterprise offering the day’s contemporary games alongside those of yesterday, providing inexpensive entertainment to a diverse crowd. George’s daughters Marlene and Joanie have kept the business within the family, and the next generation of Gordons is already in training to maintain the family tradition.

In popular culture
Films Night Tide , Bean , The Sting , A Night at the Roxbury , Miracle Beach , Titanic , Forrest Gump (there is a Bubba Gump Shrimp Company Restaurant on the pier, owned by the company that produced the film), Not Another Teen Movie , Iron Man , Desperate Teenage Lovedolls , Dark Ride , Cellular , The Hottie and the Nottie , Ruthless People , Falling Down , Love Stinks and in The Hannah Montana Movie during the scene with Lilly's birthday party, were all filmed at this pier. At the end of Hancock , two of the main characters take their young son through the park when they receive a phone call from the title character. Summer Promos
  • Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam
  • Disney Summer-It's On
  • South Park episode " Fishsticks" ends with Kanye West jumping off the Santa Monica Pier to begin a new life as a gay fish.
  • The Tonight Show with Jay Leno commercial bumper
  • Three's Company in the opening titles of the fourth and fifth seasons,
  • South of Nowhere in the opening credits and in the episode "Girls Guide to Dating",
  • The Suite Life of Zack & Cody episodes Suite Life Goes To Hollywood Pts. 1/2.
  • Life After People: The Series episode "Waves of Devastation"
  • Rocket Power , features a pier very similar to the Santa Monica Pier.
  • The Amazing Race , this place was the starting line for the fifth season.
  • Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles , Cromartie tries to track down John Connor on the Pier, who steals a pair of sunglasses and a cap from a Pier vendor to disguise himself
  • Star Trek: Voyager , features an episode in which the pier is in the 20th century Los Angeles.
  • NCIS: Los Angeles , The pilot begins with Agent G. Callen waking up in his small apartment overlooking the pier.
  • 24 , Jack tracks Fayed to the pier, Gredenko gets shot and dies under the pier.
  • Gilmore Girls , When Jess goes to California to find his father. His father works at the pier.
  • Flashforward , When Olivia and Charlie are out at the pier without Mark. In the final episode, it also appears briefly in the background in one shot.
  • Chuck , Chuck defuses a car bomb rigged by Laszlo underneath the pier (he first meets Laszlo while playing in one of the arcades on the pier).
  • The fourth season of Hannah Montana takes place in Santa Monica instead of the Malibu setting of previous seasons, and the pier is frequently shown as Lilly works at a game booth.
  • 90210 , There has been several scenes shot at the pier throughout the series. The pier is frequently shown whenever the characters visit the pier or the Beverly Hills beach club.
  • Keeping Up with the Kardashians , Where Kris and Khloé met with the BG5 girls.
Video games
  • Rush
  • Midnight Club: Los Angeles
  • Tony Hawk's American Wasteland
  • Vampire: Bloodlines
  • Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (as the basis of a similar pier)
Music videos
  • " The Unknown Soldier" by The Doors (1968)
  • " Clarity" by John Mayer (2003)
  • " Almost Lover" by A Fine Frenzy (2007)
  • "Bring Our Brothers Home" by MC Hammer (2007)
  • "Maybe California" by Tori Amos (2009)
  • " Let's Get Crazy" by Hannah Montana (2009)
  • " Kings & Queens" by 30 Seconds To Mars (2009)
  • "Til Summer comes around" by Keith Urban (2010)
Note: Cody Simpson also held his 14th birthday party at the Santa Monica Pier. Fiction
  • " Stick Man" by Richard Rossi (2011)

The temperature in Santa Monica is generally lower than inland areas by about 10°F (5°C), but that difference can increase to 30°F or more compared to the nearby valleys. Even in the summer months, the breeze can be relatively cool in the mornings and evenings, especially during periods of overcast called " June Gloom". ====Monthly temperatures==== Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year High °C 18.2 17.8 17.1 17.5 17.7 19.0 20.7 21.7 21.8 21.3 20.1 18.5 19.3 High °F 64.8 64.0 62.8 63.5 63.9 66.2 69.3 71.1 71.2 70.3 68.2 65.3 66.7 Low °C 9.7 10.3 10.5 11.6 13.0 14.6 16.4 17.2 16.7 15.0 12.2 10.0 13.1 Low °F 49.5 50.5 50.9 52.9 55.4 58.3 61.5 63.0 62.1 59.0 54.0 50.0 55.6

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