Residential complex in Volgograd

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Residential complex in Volgograd
SKYSCRAPERS IN VOLGOGRAD: TRADITION AND AVANT-GARDE Architectural bureau of Yuri Vissarionov offers architecture that resembles decorative wicker baskets due to the specific character of its constructive solutions and external form. From the constructive point of view, the outer shells of these buildings have the form of interlocking vertical and horizontal load-bearing elements, much like in traditional round baskets. Moreover, the storey-by-storey alternation of wall waves also repeats the typical patterns of the wickerwork. The chosen design allows creating a solid constructive base for the buildings, which at the same time ensures flexibility and variability of architectural solutions. This principle is similar to the ever-changing rhythm of artistic wicker ware decoration created with the use of osier horizontal belts. All this results into peculiar and beautiful niches-loggias created on the facades and irregular shapes of the exterior walls emerging in the interiors, as well as bay windows that give the apartment a special coloring. In addition, the convex walls and balconies of apartments make it possible to increase the viewing angle, which is important for a house situated in a picturesque place on a high Volga bank which gives onto a scenic river valley. Later the genuine wicker products can be quite naturally integrated into the apartment environment combined with furniture and equipment of any style, similar to the ancient analogue that formed the basis for modern and original architectural solutions. The residential complex with built-in or adjacent public areas and an underground parking garage has been designed for an important spot near the Volgograd river port. The site is located at the crossing of two streets near the Golitsyn apartment complex built in traditional forms. The ground of the site has a significant general south-east gradient with a difference of about five meters. The site overlooks the Volga River and the vast expanses of the river valley. The complex consists of two business-class residential buildings of 38 and 22 storeys, situated on a single podium. Entrances to the residential parts of buildings are designed from the side yard driveway. Entrances to the public part are located along the perimeter of the ground floor. A three-level underground parking garage is set up at the podium. Since the building is situated on a slope, it became possible to make entrances and exits at each individual level. The lower floors of the "wicker" towers are reserved for shopping and community service areas. Penthouse apartments are designed in the upper floors of the towers. The layout alternation of the residential floors is achieved by centering the streamlined shapes round the main block of stair shafts and lift shafts. As a result, an attractive architectural shape of the building is complemented by outstanding layouts of apartments, equipped with impressive terraces. The picturesque architectural design of the buildings is provided by the original design solutions. On the one hand, this is a traditional frame construction scheme with a load bearing center that consists of the stiffening core placed in the block of stair shafts and lift shafts and the system of concrete columns built at regular intervals along the perimeter, which are joined together by monolithic flooring disks into a single three-dimensional structure. On the other hand, this is an alternation of three-dimensional cantilever overhangs formed by an organized system of wall beams. The Spanish edition entitled "Panorama. Architecture newspaper" published the idea of this project in one of its recent issues (? 2/ 2009). The title of the publication already contains a direct reference to the avant-garde in Russian architecture: "Deconstructing Architecture: a look at the avant-garde in Russian architecture". In the article the residential complex in the form of two elliptical towers is presented against the description of the city itself, an industrial center with the buildings of the Soviet period, which today "combines the aesthetics of the machine with the dynamics of residential buildings, declaring ninety years later the "revival" of Constructivism and the 1919 Art Revolution: Tatlin, Rodchenko, El Lissitzky..." According to Spanish observers, the Bureau of Yuri Vissarionov expresses in urban setting the historic slogan: Art is Dead. Long Live Machine Art (Tatlin's - KS)". Given that the cited quotation is a welcoming slogan of the Berlin Dadaists to the Russian constructivism, links of the new architectural image can be found not only with the world-recognized native constructivists, but also with the international Dada movement, which had a politically revolutionary character with a hint of scandal. Naturally, the Volgograd standardized typical housing development is in need of outstanding and vivid images. And the design of the new complex is an architectural gesture that is an awakening if not a call. Text: Konstantin Savkin Residential complex with built-in or adjacent public spaces and an underground parking garage in Volgograd. Tsiolkovsky street, 41. Site area – 0.65 hectares Total area 57,850 sq. m including the residential area 40,850 sq. m Architects: Yu. Vissarionov, K.Savkin, T.Moskvina, D.Ziborov; structural engineer O.Podkolzin


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