Rampton Secure Hospital
Rampton Secure Hospital is a high security psychiatric hospital near the village of Woodbeck between Retford and Rampton in the Bassetlaw District of Nottinghamshire, England. It is situated 2.3 km (1.4 miles) west-south-west of Rampton village, at Ordnance Survey grid reference SK 775 776 GB Grid.

Rampton Hospital houses about 400 patients who have been detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 under one of these classifications:
  • Mental illness
  • Psychopathic (personality) disorder
  • (Severe) mental impairment, which is the legal term for what would now be called a learning disability.
Rampton Hospital has a staff of about 2000 and provides the national service for patients with a learning disability, women and deaf people requiring high security care. It also provides services for men suffering from mental illness and personality disorder. The hospital has a Dangerous and Severe Personality Disorder Unit opened in 2004 as part of a national DSPD pilot (the Peaks Unit). About a quarter of the patients have had no significant contact with the criminal justice system, but have been detained under the Mental Health Act and are considered to require treatment in conditions of high security owing to their "dangerous, violent or criminal propensities". Others have been convicted of an offence by the courts and either ordered to be detained in hospital or subsequently transferred there from prison.

Rampton Hospital opened in 1912 as an overflow facility for Broadmoor Hospital in Berkshire. The grounds occupy a former large common known as "Rampton Field". On 22 May 1979, Yorkshire Television broadcast an exposé programme titled " Rampton, The Secret Hospital", showing the routinely severe mistreatment of Rampton patients by staff. A groundbreaking look inside the hitherto secret world of a 'special hospital' it has been cited in a "top ten" of television programmes which occasioned intense public debate and engendered far-reaching effects upon its subject area, and it got an International Emmy. Reforms to both mental health service provision and the philosophy of care within institutions throughout the next 20 years did lead to a more openly-scrutinized environment and patient care became subject to higher expectation and more rigorous inspection. In February 2000, Rampton Hospital was awarded a Charter Mark award. This government scheme was designed to both reward excellence and encourage constant quality improvement. It is focused on the quality of service provided to users; in Rampton Hospital this included not only patients but also visitors and the general public. The "special hospitals" of Broadmoor, Rampton, and Ashworth were formerly administered directly by the Home Office and thus outside the National Health Service (NHS). In April 2001, Rampton Hospital became part of the new Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust. The Trust provides mental health and learning disability services including:
  • Community forensic service to Nottinghamshire
  • Medium-secure services provided by Arnold Lodge and Wathwood Hospital to patients from the Trent region
  • A high-security service at Rampton Hospital for all NHS regions
In May 2008, a group of patients lost their High Court battle seeking to overturn the rule banning patients from smoking within the hospital.

Staff facilities
Due to the unique nature of the dual therapeutic/custodial requirement, nursing and support staff at Rampton traditionally remained within the special hospitals service throughout their career. Staff housing was built mostly in the 1920s and 1930s. Staff were once required to leave the houses upon retirement: this was reversed in the 1980s. Later, employees were given the right to buy their houses from the Crown at a rate discounted according to length of service at the hospital. Further housing, known as Keller Court, was built around 1980 but proved unsuccessful due to poor quality and was demolished around 2000. The 1980s also saw houses demolished in Woodbeck to make way for staff car parks, and open ground between the entry gate and the nearest hospital buildings was built over with an additional housing estate for staff. Facilities for employees had developed on a lavish scale: at its peak there were several football fields, a rugby football pitch, cricket field, shop, staff club/pub, disco, library, tennis courts, free indoor heated swimming pool, and bowls club. From about 1985 to the present, facilities were reduced, mainly due to more staff choosing to live off-site, higher turnover rates and the increasing use of agency staff. The library, shop, post office, swimming pool, pub, cricket pitch, bowling green and club have gone, and traditions such as sports day, the annual gala, discos and even staff uniforms have been discontinued.

Notable patients
  • Beverley Allitt
  • Ian Huntley
  • Frank "Mad Axeman" Mitchell
  • Mark Rowntree
  • Charles Bronson