Pride Park Stadium is an all-seater football stadium located on the Pride Park business park on the outskirts of Derby, England. It is the current home of Football League Championship club Derby County, who moved to the stadium from the Baseball Ground upon its opening in 1997. With space for 33,597 spectators, Pride Park Stadium has the sixteenth-largest capacity of any English football stadium, the twentieth-largest of any stadium in the United Kingdom, and the one hundred and twenty-first-largest in Europe. The ground has hosted one full England international fixture, played whilst the new Wembley Stadium was under construction, as well as several England U-21 fixtures and a friendly match between Brazil and Ukraine.


Prior to moving to the Pride Park Stadium, Derby County had been based at The Baseball Ground since 1895. Although at its peak the ground had held over 40,000 (the record attendance being 41,826 for a match against Tottenham Hotspur in 1969) the Taylor Report, actioned after the 1989 Hillsborough Disaster had seen the legal requirement for English football stadia to become all-seater by 1994”“95 season resulting in its capacity dwindling to just 17,500 by the mid 1990s, not enough for the then-ambitious second tier club. An additional problem came with the ground's wooden components (considered unacceptable in the wake of the Bradford City stadium fire in 1985) and, in February 1996, the club made the decision to move, having originally planned to rebuild the Baseball Ground as a 26,000-seat stadium. The club originally planned to build a purpose-built 30,000-seat stadium at Pride Park, with 4,000 car parking spaces, restaurant and conference facilities, a fitness centre, a supporters club and new training ground. A year later the stadium plan was changed to become part of a £46 million project by the Stadivarios group that would also include a 10,000-seat indoor arena. However, Peter Gadsby, the club's associate director at the time and head of the Miller Birch construction company felt the project was both too ambitious and expensive and instead plans were drawn up by new Chairman Lionel Pickering to modernise and extend the Baseball Ground to hold 26,000, at a cost of £10 million. However, despite signing a construction agreement with Taylor Woodrow, Gadsby suggested the club make a second attempt at securing the then-redeveloping Pride Park business park, settling with Derby City Council for a smaller site than previously agreed. On February 21, 1996, prior to a match against Luton Town at The Baseball Ground, the club announced to supporters the decision to move to a £16 m state-of-the-art stadium for the start of the 1997”“98 season. Derby City Council were paid £1.8 million for the land and the club's four directors ”“ Lionel Pickering, Peter Gadsby, Stuart Webb and John Kirkland each paid £2.5m towards a package deal to pay for the stadium. The stadium itself was based upon Middlesbrough's Riverside Stadium, which opened in 1995, though it had more than 30 amendments to the original plans. After toying with the idea of naming the new ground "The New Baseball Ground", it was settled that the club's new home would be called The Pride Park Stadium.

Engaging the same architects as Middlesbrough (The Miller Partnership) Derby's plans predominantly followed those of the Riverside Stadium, with the first stage being a detached main stand facing a horseshoe running unbroken round the other three sides, with the possibility of the corners being filled in later and the ground's capacity being increased if and when necessary by raising the horseshoe roof. Pickering laid the foundation stone in November 1995 and, after decontamination, the first of the more than 1,000 pre-cast concrete piles was sunk in September 1996. This was followed by 6,500 tonnes of concrete and more than 2,100 tonnes of steelwork as the ground began to take shape. Tapping in to the excitement amongst supporters, the club setup a visitors centre which included a computer-generated tour of the stadium taking shape and attracted more than 75,000 fans. The opportunity was also made available for supporters to buy special bricks ”“ on to which they could engrave a message of their choosing ”“ which would be set around the outside of the completed stadium. The weather of the 1996 winter was not kind to the contractors but extra urgency was provided by the news that the stadium was to be opened by Queen Elizabeth II. This news ”“ the first time the Queen had opened a new football stadium ”“ ensured that the workers, at one point behind schedule, had to pull out all of the tops to get the stadium completed in time. The pitch stood at 105 metres long and 68 metres wide, meeting the requirements for an international venue, and measured five yards longer and four yards wider than the pitch at the Baseball Ground. It also came with a three-metre grass margin.

The Queen opened the stadium on July 18, 1997 in front of 30,000 spectators. By this time the south west corner, which stood between the main stand and the horseshoe, had been completed. The interest from potential corporate clients had been so high that Pickering pressed the board to go the full distance with the stadium, raising the final initial costs of completing the stadium to £22m. Work was still in progress on the remaining corner on the opening day, leaving Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh to jokingly ask Taylor Woodrow contract manager Ross Walters, "Haven't you been paid yet?" An overture to the Opening Ceremony came two weeks later, on 4 August 1997, with the first ever game at Pride Park Stadium being played against Italian side Sampdoria, the match ending in a 1”“0 defeat with Vincenzo Montella scoring the only goal of the game. The attendance of 29,041 was the highest for a Derby County home game in 20 years. The fixture kicked off a tradition of pre-season friendlies being held against European teams at the ground, with Barcelona (twice), CSKA Moscow, Athletic Bilbao, Lazio, Ajax and RCD Mallorca all visiting the stadium over the next 6 years. The first competitive fixture to be completed at the new stadium came on 30 August 1997 and ended in a 1”“0 against Barnsley in front of 27, 232, with Stefano Eranio scoring the only goal from the penalty spot. The stadium's inaugural competitive fixture had come against Wimbledon was called off with the score at 2”“1 after the lights went out in the 11th minute of the second half. Referee Uriah Rennie abandoned the match following a delay of more than half-an-hour while engineers tried unsuccessfully to restart two failed generators. Gadsby said: "We had 11 maintenance people on duty including six electricians but nobody has yet worked out why both generators failed. There was a bang of such strength that it fused them both." This proved to be the only major problem with the new stadium, which delivered everything which had been promised of it and went on to gain international recognition. Later additions to the ground raised the capacity to 33,597 and a final cost of £28m.

Ownership Issues
Although the financing of the stadium's construction was carefully structured so that the club paid and owned the ground without encroaching on funds reserved for the development of the team, the club's eventually relegation from the top flight in 2002 saw it enter financial crisis and eventually it was temporarily entered into receivership by The Co-operative Bank, who instantly installed a new board composed of John Sleightholme, Jeremy Keith and Steve Harding, for the cost of £1 each. Financial circumstances worsened as the debt spiralled to £30m plus and an unpopular refinancing scheme was put in place which saw the stadium sold to the "mysterious" Panama-based ABC Corporation and the club paying rent of £1m a year to play there, which local journalist Gerald Mortimer described as "an affront.. to those who put everything into building (the ground)." The ownership trio of Sleightholme, Keith and Harding were dubbed "The Three Amigos" and, after came under increasing criticism from the Derby's support, in the form of two separate supporters groups, the RamsTrust and the Rams Protest Group (RPG), they eventually sold out to a group of local businessmen, dubbed "The League of Gentlemen" by the local press, led by former board member Peter Gadsby, in April 2006. The Gadsby-led consortium returned Pride Park to club ownership. Three years later, Murdo Mackay, Jeremy Keith and finance director Andrew McKenzie were charged with taking a secret commission worth £440,625 from the club and were each sentenced to a combined seven and a half years in prison. As of August 2009, the club still owed £15m on the mortgage of The Pride Park Stadium which was later revealed to be due to be paid off in 2016.

Pride Plaza Redevelopment and Ground Expansion
During the 2006”“07 season, in which Derby earned promotion back to the Premier League after 5 years, the club released details of a proposed £20m development of the area surrounding the stadium, to include the building of a 165-bed hotel, bars, restaurants and office space, to create a local service centre for employers located on the Pride Park business park. Three squares would also be introduced which would be named after legendary figures associated with the club ”“ all-time leading goalscorer Steve Bloomer, the club's greatest manager Brian Clough and former-Chairman Lionel Pickering, who had died in 2006. The club insisted no money would be taken away from the team to pay for the development. On November 9, 2007, Derby City Council agreed to let the plans go ahead. Following promotion to the Premier League in the 2006”“07 season, the club announced plans to expand the capacity of the stadium up to 44,000 for the start of the 2008”“09 season, if the club successfully survived. The plans included adding rows of seats to the north, south and east stands and would have allowed the club to break its current club record attendance. However, the club failed to maintain its top-flight status and when, in January 2008, was sold into new American ownership, in the form of General Sports and Entertainment both the Plaza plan and the Ground expansion initiatives were scrapped. In 2008 a 9'0 high bronze statue of Brian Clough and Peter Taylor ”“ who had managed the club between 1967 and 1973 ”“ was commissioned to adorn the north west portion of the ground to be called Unity Plaza. The statue was designed by Andrew Edwards and features both Clough and Taylor holding Football League First Division which they won with the club in 1972. It was unveiled on August 27, 2010.

2018 World Cup and 2012 Olympic bids
In 2009, Pride Park was earmarked as a possible World Cup venue when Derby County announced its intention to apply to be one of the host cities as part of England's bid for the 2018 World Cup Finals, with Derby Chief Executive Tom Glick saying that "What we know is that Derby already has the core elements to be a host city... We are going to find out what the requirements are but we are certainly expecting that the requirement would be at least 40,000 seats. The ability to do that at Pride Park Stadium exists, the land exists. So we know that if we were successful, that is something that could be done". To qualify as a host stadium the ground would need to expand to at least 40,000 capacity and the club announced that three methods could be undertaken to achieve this ”“ two of which would leave the stadium permanently expanded. Option A would see the additional capacity supplied by temporary stands erected behind each goal, removing the current roof, and be supported by steel structures, with all the stands removed after the World Cup and the original roofing replaced. Option B would also see temporary seating built in the north and south stands as well as an additional structure placed on the east stand which the club could choose to keep, increasing the capacity to 39,000. The final Option, C, would see the removal of seating from the north, south and east stands and three new 20 row decks placed in each stand. This again came with the option of retaining the east stand expansion, raising the stadium capacity to a permanent 37,000. The club itself stated that it preferred to explore temporary, rather than permanent, expansion, saying "We'd like to meet the World Cup standards for matches when it comes to expansion but then perhaps scale down the stadium to something closer to where we are right now. That way, we can keep the intimacy and special atmosphere that has almost become a hallmark of going to a Derby County match. When the team play at home, having a full stadium is a huge advantage because it creates a brilliant atmosphere. What we wouldn't want to do is have a stadium that all of a sudden was too big after the World Cup had gone." On 16 December 2009, Derby's campaign was rejected by the FA, along with Hull and Leicester. Tom Glick later commented, "We're all greatly disappointed. Thousands of hours of hard work has been put in across the city from a number of agencies. We need to get some feedback as to why the bid was not successful." The club was later unsuccessful in its attempt to be the midlands football venue for the 2012 Summer Olympics, losing out to Coventry City's Ricoh Arena, with the Selection Committee citing the fact the stadium "has fewer dressing rooms and no hotel" in comparison to the Coventry-based stadium.

Additional ground developments
On January 17, 2009, a bust of Steve Bloomer was unveiled next to the home dugout.

The highest attendance at Pride Park Stadium for a competitive Derby County match is 33,378 in a Premier League match against Liverpool on March 18, 2000.

Average league attendance

Non-Derby County Matches
As one of the largest football grounds in the Midlands, Pride Park has also hosted some notable matches not connected to Derby County. Pride Park has hosted one full England international; a 4”“0 friendly victory over Mexico on 25 May 2001, when the national side toured the country during the building of the New Wembley Stadium. The match also holds the record for the highest attendance at the stadium: a full-house of 33,598. The ground has hosted five England U21 matches. The first was on 9 February 1999, a friendly match against France, which ended in a 2”“1 victory to England. The crowd of 32,865 was the highest to watch the U21 in England since 1983. The next two fixtures were both European Championship Qualifiers, with 30,155 seeing a 1”“1 draw with Germany on 6 October 2000 and 32,418 saw a 1”“0 victory over Holland on 13 November 2001. The U21's then played Holland U21s again four years later, on 8 February 2005, in a friendly, with a crowd of 33,184 seeing the home side lose 2”“0. The most recent match was on 6 February 2007, when 28,295 saw a 2”“2 friendly draw between England U21 and Spain U21, a match which was the first match under the tenure of current England U21 manager Stuart Pearce. Partly as a result of Derby's successful hosting of international U21 football, Pride Park was selected as a host venue as part of the English bid to host the 2013 European U21s Championship. Away from the England national side, the stadium hosted a friendly between Brazil and Ukraine on 11 October 2010. The match ended in a 2”“0 victory for Brazil, Daniel Alves and Pato scoring the goals, in front of a crowd of 13,088 live spectators and TV viewers in over 100 countries. Though Brazil coach Mano Menezes bemoaned the low turnout ("I expected more fans but I think it was a good game." ) though Derby Chief Executive Tom Glick declared himself relatively pleased with the turnout, stating "I think everybody was hoping that we'd have a sold out crowd of over 30,000 but, realistically, time was working against us. We only had 13 days to sell the tickets and a big crowd just wasn't on the cards. But I think we've proven that we can turn it around, operationally. The promoter, Kentaro, has seen that. So we have done ourselves a favour in terms of bringing something else like this back again and we will continue to pursue things like this." Away from international football, on 4 May 2009, Pride Park hosted the 39th FA Women's Cup Final, which saw Arsenal run out 2”“1 victors over Sunderland to win the cup for a record fourth consecutive time, in front of a crowd of 23,291.

Notable non-football events
Although primarily a football venue, Pride Park Stadium has also hosted events away from sport. It first hosted Rod Stewart on the 26th June 2005, whilst touring his Stardust: The Great American Songbook, Volume III album. This was followed by Red Hot Chilli Peppers, who played at the ground as part of the tour for their Stadium Arcadium album on the 5th June 2006.


Season Average Attendance Division Position 1997”“1998 29,105 FA Premier League 9th 1998”“1999 29,195 FA Premier League 8th 1999”“2000 29,351 FA Premier League 16th 2000”“2001 28,551 FA Premier League 17th 2001”“2002 29,816 FA Premier League 19th (R) 2002”“2003 25,470 Football League First Division 18th 2003”“2004 22,330 Football League First Division 20th 2004”“2005 25,219 Football League Championship 4th 2005”“2006 24,166 Football League Championship 20th 2006”“2007 25,945 Football League Championship 3rd (P) 2007”“2008 32,432 Premier League 20th (R) 2008”“2009 29,445 Football League Championship 18th 2009”“2010 29,230 Football League Championship 14th

Building Activity

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