Polish Aviation Museum

Polish Aviation Museum (Polish: Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego w Krakowie) is a large museum of old aircraft and aircraft engines in Kraków, Poland. It is located at the site of the no-longer functional Kraków-Rakowice-Czyżyny Airport. This airfield, established by Austria-Hungary in 1912, is one of the oldest in the world. The museum opened in 1964, after the airfield closed in 1963.


The collection consists of over 200 aircraft as of 2005. Several of the aircraft displayed are unique on the world scale, including sailplanes and some 100 aircraft engines. Some of the exhibits are only in their initial stages. The museum houses a large aviation library and photographic archives.


The museum has 22 extremely rare airplanes that once were part of the personal collection of Hermann Göring, which before World War II were displayed in Deutsche Luftfahrtsammlung museum in Berlin. These planes were evacuated during the war to rescue them from Allied bombing (the museum itself was destroyed in air raids) and were found abandoned on Polish territory after the war ended. Contemporary museums in Germany had unofficially expressed interest in having some of these planes transferred, especially those that are of great significance to German aviation history. As of 2009 however, there was no sign that this would happen in the foreseeable future.


The museum has very few Polish planes from the years 1918-1939, as these were almost all destroyed during the Nazi German occupation of Poland, including those displayed in Polish pre-war aviation museums. The only two examples of prewar Polish military aircraft in the collection: a PZL P.11 (the only surviving example in the world) and a PWS-26, survived only because they were diplayed as war trophies by the Germans, and so were part of the above mentioned collection acquired after the war. In addition, a few Polish pre-war civilian planes were returned by Romania after the war and eventually found their way to the museum.


In contrast, the museum has an essentially complete collection of all airplane types developed or used by Poland after 1945.


Collection

Fixed-wing motorized aircraft

Gliders

  • IS-1 Sępbis
  • IS-3 ABC
  • IS-4 Jastrząb
  • IS-A Salamandra
  • IS-B Komar 49
  • IS-C Żuraw
  • S-1 Swift
  • SZD-6x Nietoperz
  • SZD-8bis Jaskółka
  • SZD-9 bis Bocian 1A
  • SZD-10bis Czapla
  • SZD-12 Mucha 100
  • SZD-15 Sroka
  • SZD-17x Jaskółka L
  • SZD-18 Czajka
  • SZD-19 Zefir
  • SZD-21 Kobuz 3
  • SZD-22 Mucha Standard
  • SZD-25A Lis
  • SZD-43 Orion
  • SZD-43 Orion
  • WWS Wrona bis
  • WWS-2 Żaba

More gliders in storage.


Motor gliders

  • HWL Pegaz

Helicopters

  • BŻ-1 GIL
  • BŻ-4 Żuk
  • JK-1 Trzmiel
  • Mil Mi-4 A
  • Mil Mi-4 ME
  • WSK Mi-2 URP
  • WSK Mi-2Ch
  • WSK SM-1 (licence Mil Mi-1)
  • WSK SM-2

Engines