Olympic Oval
The Olympic Oval in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is a covered speed skating oval built for the 1988 Winter Olympics. It is now home for the Oval X-Treme female ice hockey team of the National Women's Hockey League. It is located on the University of Calgary campus. Thanks to two propane Zamboni ice resurfacers, the high altitude, and the advanced climate control, the oval is known as "The fastest ice in the world". On September 16, 2007, the Olympic Oval kicked off its 20th year of public service with a large public skate time, and other activities.

The Olympic Oval was designed as the first covered speed skating oval in North America, and as the first to be used at Winter Olympics. Being domed, this would give the facility the ability to control climate conditions inside to produce the highest quality ice possible. Construction of The Oval began in 1985, nearly four years after Calgary had been designated host of the XV Olympic Winter Games. Like the Olympic Saddledome most of the Oval's structure was built using precast, prestressed concrete. 28 beams were laid along the outside of the perimeter of the building to support 84 additional beams used to construct a lattice frame for the arched roof. The interior scaffolding used to hoist these 84 beams had to be lowered a centimetre at a time in a predetermined sequence in order to distribute the load of the roof equally to each of the 28 exterior support beams. Construction was completed by the end of the summer of 1987, officially opening in September: five months before the beginning of the Olympics. It was during the speed skating events of the Olympic Winter Games in 1988 that The Oval became known as "the fastest ice on Earth", as world records times were set in seven distance events (Men's 500 m, Men's 1500 m, Men's 10000 m, Women's 500 m, Women's 1000 m, Women's 3000 m and Women's 5000 m), and new Olympic records were set in the other three events (Men's 1500 m, Men's 5000 m and Women's 1500 m). The combination of the climate-controlled facility and the effects of high altitude have been credited to the fast ice surface. Throughout the following 14 years the vast majority of speed skating world records were set at The Oval. It was not until the 2002 Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah that most of these records were broken at Utah Olympic Oval, a facility not only similar in name but in operation as one of few covered, climate-controlled speed-skating facilities in the world. Salt Lake City is also situated at higher altitude. As of March 23, 2007, the Olympic Oval has once again regained the title of The fastest ice in the world, holding 12 current world records. The Utah Olympic Oval has a current claim of 10. The Oval continues to be regarded as a premier speed skating venue, and a preferred training facility for speed skating teams across the globe. Along with the 400 m long-track speed skating oval the Olympic Oval also includes two international-sized ice rinks for short-track speed skating and ice hockey, as well as a 450 m running track surrounding the main oval, an eight-lane 110 m sprint track, a pole vault box and a long-jump pit for year-round athletics training. The Oval also plays host to the National Women's Hockey League champion Calgary Oval X-Treme. When not hosting hockey games and speed skating competitions, The Oval is open to public skating and family day events.

Building Activity

  • updated a digital reference
    about 5 years ago via Annotator
  • updated a digital reference
    about 5 years ago via OpenBuildings.com