Oakland International Airport
Oakland International Airport ( IATA: OAK, ICAO: KOAK, FAA LID: OAK), also known as Metropolitan Oakland International Airport, is a public airport located 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) south of the central business district of Oakland, a city in Alameda County, California, United States. It is owned by the Port of Oakland. One of three international airports in the San Francisco Bay Area, airlines serving Oakland International provide service to numerous destinations in the United States, as well as Mexico. Oakland is a focus city--with the airport as a crew base and the 10th busiest"for Southwest Airlines. (SWA) currently has as many as 104 daily flights on peak-travel days of the week. Alaska Airlines (combined with sister-carrier Horizon Air) is a distant-yet-growing 2nd busiest with as many as 11 flights, while Delta Airlines, JetBlue Airways and US Airways each offer up to 5 non-stops each way to their respective focus cities and hubs. OAK has proven a popular alternative to San Francisco International. In 2008, 11.5 million passengers used the airport. Another convenience of OAK over SFO"in relation to the success of Southwest"is OAK's history of a high, on-time arrival percentage (of total flights inbound), despite many days of rainy and foggy weather for some months in each city. For 2009, OAK had the highest on-time arrival percentage among the 40 busiest North American airports. Oakland International is popular with low cost airlines. Until the economic downturn became worse in 2008, along with fuel prices beginning to soar, OAK was one of the nation's fastest growing airports for much of the decade. A $300 million expansion and renovation project was completed in spring 2008. The project included the addition of five gates to Terminal 2; enhanced food, beverage and retail concessions; a new baggage claim area; expanded areas for ticketing and security screening; and significant improvements to the roadways, curbsides and parking lots. Terminal 1 is currently undergoing a $200 million upgrade. This building will be renovated and seismically retrofitted over the next few years. Future improvements include larger restrooms; replacing concourse carpeting with terrazzo floors; new airline ticketing and check-in areas; food, beverage and retail concession improvements; and improved universal access and overall comfort and convenience enhancements. In addition to airline operations, Oakland International is a large general aviation airport. Airline operations use the South Field (runway 11/29), while general aviation uses the North Field (runways 9R/27L, 9L/27R, and 15/33). In 2008, OAK had 269,631 aircraft movements (take-offs or landings), and was the 35th busiest among the major North American airports.

History
Construction of the airport began in 1927, and the airport was dedicated by Charles Lindbergh 17 September. In its early days, Oakland was the departing point of several historic flights, including Charles Kingsford Smith's historic US- Australia flight in 1928, and Amelia Earhart's final flight in 1937. Boeing Air Transport (a predecessor of United Airlines) began scheduled flights to Oakland in December 1927. It was joined by Trans World Airlines (TWA) in 1932. In 1943, the U.S. Armed Forces took over Oakland Airport and transformed it into an airlift base for military flights to the Pacific islands, ordering all scheduled service to move to San Francisco International Airport. After the war, airlines slowly returned to Oakland: Western Airlines began flights in 1946, and was followed by American Airlines, TWA, United and Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA). The airport's first Jet Age airline terminal (now Terminal 1) was opened in 1962, part of a $20 million expansion on bay fill that included 10000-ft runway 11/29. In May 1963 the OAG showed 15 airline flights arriving Oakland each day, including nine from San Francisco; in June 1963 TWA flew Oakland's first scheduled jet, a Convair 880 to Chicago. During the Vietnam War, World Airways shuttled thousands of military passengers through Oakland to their bases in Southeast Asia, and an International Arrivals facility was built, allowing the airport to handle scheduled flights outside the United States for the first time. After the war, Oakland's traffic slumped, but airline deregulation prompted several low-fare carriers to begin regional flights into the airport. This rapid increase prompted the airport to build a $16.3 million second terminal, Lionel J. Wilson Terminal 2, with seven new gates for PSA and AirCal service. FedEx Express opened a cargo base in Oakland in 1988, which is now one of the busiest air freight terminals in the United States. In the 1990s, Southwest Airlines opened a crew base in Oakland, and expanded its flights to become the airport's dominant passenger carrier. The airport does have international arrival facilities, including U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials. Mexicana Airlines provided service between Oakland and cities in Mexico for many years. In the past, Corsairfly served Orly Airport in Paris France and Papeete, Tahiti and Martinair served Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam, Netherlands. United Airlines vacated its 300,000 sq ft (30,000 m 2) Oakland Maintenance Center in May 2003 and transferred work to its remaining maintenance hub at San Francisco International Airport. Oakland International Airport began renovations to its terminals in 2004, including adding five gates in Terminal 2. The new concourse partially opened in fall 2006, with full opening by spring 2007, and a new baggage claim in Terminal 2 opened in summer 2006. The former Terminal 2 baggage claim has been replaced by a renovated and expanded security screening area. As part of this program, airport roadways, curbsides and parking lots were renovated by the end of 2008. In 2008, Oakland suffered a series of service cutbacks due to high fuel costs, particularly more so compared to other Bay Area airports. In just a few days, Oakland's numerous non-stops to Hawaii were entirely eliminated following the liquidation of ATA Airlines (ATA) and Aloha Airlines, although Hawaiian Airlines introduced one daily flight to Honolulu a month later. Skybus Airlines stopped flying to Columbus, OH when it ended operations on April 5. American Airlines and Continental Airlines both ended service to Oakland on September 3. Southwest Airlines eliminated six flights in November, United Airlines ended service to Los Angeles on November 2, and TACA ended service to San Salvador on September 1. All of these service reductions have resulted in the cancellation of a project to build a third terminal. In August 2010, Mexicana Airlines suspended all its flights out of the airport and its other destinations indefinitely until further notice due to financial problems.

Added service: 2009 and beyond

Volaris
Despite the setbacks associated with select airlines having pulled out, OAK is in position for a major boost. The low-cost Mexican airline Volaris started service between OAK and the airline's two main locations: Guadalajara, and Toluca began July 16. As the second U.S. airport to begin Volaris service, after Los Angeles International Airport did earlier that month, the airline is slowly expanding to others. Plans to finalize a codeshare agreement with Southwest Airlines were on hold for much of 2010: Volaris and other Mexican Airlines were waiting for the country to be in full compliance with international air carrier safety standards. The International Civil Aviation Organization set the standards, with progress monitored by the Federal Aviation Administration. On December 1, it was announced that Mexico had complied with the standards. As the FAA raised Mexico's safety rating, reinstated flights and expanded Volaris service is once again possible with U.S. airports. Although Toluca service has not resumed since its April 2010 ending, OAK announced that it will begin service with (nearby) Mexico City in the spring of 2011. OAK will be the first airport in the world with international, nonstop Volaris service to and from the country's capital. The codeshare partnership, currently termed as a "commercial agreement" with Southwest, makes Volaris a key addition to OAK.

Allegiant
After having pulled out of San Francisco International months earlier, discount carrier Allegiant Air inaugurated service at OAK in February 2009, with Bellingham, Washington (with close proximity to Vancouver, British Columbia) twice a week. Service is however, doubled from two to four arrivals and departures each through the summer months, along with added flights during the shorter, winter-holiday period. Later in the year, the airline also added service between OAK and Eugene Airport in Oregon twice a week.

Alaska and Hawaiian
Adding to Hawaiian Airlines' service to Honolulu, the airport resumed nonstop service with two other Hawaiian Island destinations in early November: Kona and Kahului ( Maui), via Alaska Airlines. The former is 3 flights a week, while the latter will increase from its current weekly 4, to daily beginning June 5, 2011. A fourth restored destination, Lihue ( Kauai), began in the spring of 2011. Service to these locations happened at least once weekly on ATA, until the airline ceased operations in early 2008. Hawaiian also started serving Kahului seasonally, in June, 2010.

California Pacific Airlines
Carlsbad, California-based California Pacific Airlines announced in May 2010, that OAK has been included as one of its (proposed) original destinations. Nonstop service with Carlsbad is expected to begin in summer 2011. Connections from this northern San Diego County base will include Cabo San Lucas in Baja California, and other resort-locations in Mexico to be announced at a later date.

Southwest/AirTran Merge
Following the September 2010 announcement of Southwest Airlines' pending acquisition of AirTran Airways, nonstop service possibilities between OAK and some eastern destinations have been discussed: Atlanta (seasonal with Delta Airlines in 2010); Baltimore/Washington (discontinued by Southwest in 2007); Boston Logan (now only seasonal by JetBlue between May and September.). These three airports are a hub, secondary hub, and focus city respectively, for AirTran; the airline currently does not have operations at OAK.
  • For the listing and more information about upcoming service, see the following table.


Airlines and destinations
Oakland International Airport has two terminals, connected by an airside walkway. Terminal 1 has 17 gates (1, 3, 4-7, 8-8A, 9-9A, 10-12, 14-14A, 15, 17), and Terminal 2 has 13 gates (20 - 32) and the Airport provides charter flights from North Field .

Charter Flights

Cargo airlines

AirAsia X
On September 14, 2009, OAK was the scene where Malaysia-based AirAsia honored its new partners: the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League. The airline's affiliate, AirAsia X had one of their planes of executives and crew members "touch down" at OAK in acknowledgment of the to-be announced sponsorship. AirAsia executives have new optimism that service between the U.S. and the airline's main base in Kuala Lumpur, could possibly happen earlier than originally expected.

Facilities and aircraft
Oakland International Airport covers an area of 2,600 acres (1,100 ha) which contains four runways :
  • South Field (Commercial and cargo operations):
  • Runway 11/29: 10,000 × 150 ft (3,048 × 46 m), surface: asphalt
Airlines Destinations Terminal Alaska Airlines Kahului, Kona, Lihue, Seattle/Tacoma 1 Allegiant Air Bellingham, Eugene 1 Delta Air Lines Salt Lake City 1 Delta Connection operated by SkyWest Airlines Salt Lake City 1 Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu, Kahului 1 Horizon Air Portland (OR) 1 JetBlue Airways Long Beach, New York-JFK, Washington-Dulles Seasonal: Boston 1 SATA International Seasonal: Terceira 1 Southwest Airlines Albuquerque, Austin, Boise, Burbank, Chicago-Midway, Denver, Houston-Hobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Ontario (CA), Orange County, Phoenix, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, San Diego, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane 2 United Airlines Denver 1 US Airways Phoenix 1 US Airways Express operated by Mesa Airlines Phoenix 1 Volaris Guadalajara, Mexico City 1 Airlines Destinations Terminal Kona Shuttle operated by KaiserAir Kona North Field Airlines Destinations Ameriflight Sacramento, San Luis Obispo, Seattle, Burbank, Reno, Fresno, Portland, Marysville, Salinas, Chico, Ukiah FedEx Express Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Seattle, Salt Lake City, Orange County, Phoenix, Portland, Fresno, Ontario, Honolulu, Memphis, Indianapolis, Fort Worth, Anchorage, Newark, Tokyo UPS Airlines Dallas, Louisville, Ontario, Columbia
  • North Field (general aviation operations):
  • Runway 9R/27L: 6,212 × 150 ft (1,893 × 46 m), surface: asphalt
  • Runway 9L/27R: 5,454 × 150 ft (1,662 × 46 m), surface: asphalt
  • Runway 15/33: 3,372 × 75 ft (1,028 × 23 m), surface: asphalt
A number of general aviation FBOs are located on the North Field:
  • Transient aircraft support
    • Business Jet Center
    • Kaiser Air
  • Flight schools
    • Alameda Aero Club
    • Lou Fields Aviation
    • Oakland Flyers
  • Repair operations
    • Oakland Aircraft Maintenance
  • Other
    • Aerial Advertising Services
    • Oakland Aviation Museum, formerly Western Aerospace Museum
    • Pacific Aerial Surveys
For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2008, the airport had 269,631 aircraft operations, an average of 740 per day: 46% general aviation (188,064), 42% scheduled commercial, 12% air taxi and <1% military. There are 277 aircraft based at this airport: 51% single-engine, 34% multi-engine, 10% jet and 4% helicopter.

Transportation

Public
Oakland International is not yet directly connected to the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system, but AirBART shuttle buses and AC Transit's Lines 73 and 805 buses take passengers between the terminal and the Coliseum/Oakland Airport station. AC Transit line 21's route from the Airport to Oakland's Dimond district, has a few in-between stops within the nearby island city of Alameda. The Fruitvale BART station is included as a stop for this line. Since the airport's renovation, AirBART now has a single stop located halfway between terminals 1 and 2 on the third curb. The bus has a layover of 5”“10 minutes depending on the passenger load. AC Transit stops at the fourth curb between the terminals. Unless early, it departs immediately upon the completion of passenger boarding, to fit a set schedule. AirBART generally comes more often than AC Transit buses after 9:30 PM daily. AirBART and Line 73 run during regular hours from about 5am to midnight, whereas Line 805 is a night bus that runs from midnight to 5 am.

Road
Oakland International is accessible from Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway) which is 2 miles (3 km) away. The airport can be reached by exiting Hegenberger Road or 98th Avenue heading west; both streets converge into Airport Road before looping around in front of the terminals.

Future: Oakland Airport Connector
The Oakland Airport Connector (OAC) is planned as a people mover that would directly connect from BART and Amtrak at the Coliseum station to the terminal buildings at Oakland International Airport. This connection would physically resemble other off-airport connections between airport people movers and transit trains, such as at John F. Kennedy International Airport and Newark Liberty International Airport. However, unlike the AirTrain, the Oakland Airport Connector would be operated by BART, integrated into the BART fare system with standard BART ticket gates located at the entrance to the station at the Airport end of the people mover.The Metropolitan Transportation Commission voted to allocate all $20 million of this year’s state transportation improvement funding to Bay Area Rapid Transit’s (BART) Oakland Airport Connector project. Once it’s built, the Oakland Airport Connector will replace AirBART buses. The connector’s automated people movers (APMs) will be electrically powered and operate on a fixed, elevated guideway. The APMs will arrive at the Coliseum BART station every four-and-one-half minutes and are designed to transport travelers to the airport in about eight minutes with an on-time performance of more than 99 percent, BART officials said in a prepared statement. Federal and state funding for the OAC became complete in September 2010, and the groundbreaking was held October 20. Design, utility relocation and construction combined, for the $484 million project is expected to take three-and-one-half years to complete.

Recent publicity

Military aircraft mistake
On September 27, 2007, Oakland airport authorities ordered North American Airlines Flight 1777, carrying 200 U.S. Marines home from duty in Iraq, to park 400 yards (370 m) away from the airport terminal and refused to allow the troops to enter the terminal, although they were allowed off the aircraft to stretch their legs and use restrooms. The airliner had stopped in Oakland to refuel and reprovision. Oakland authorities stated that their decision was based on the fact that, "The airport received information that the passengers were not screened by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) at their originating airport and that weapons were on-board the aircraft." The airplane's passengers, however, had been screened by TSA at John F. Kennedy International Airport and no further screening was necessary. Oakland Airport officials apologized for the mistake - "There was no disrespect that was intended," said Omar Benjamin, executive director of the Port of Oakland, which runs the airport. "There was confusion. There were mistakes that were made." However, U.S. Representative John Mica stated that, "We believe this is not an isolated incident" and asked the United States Department of Transportation (DoT) to investigate. The DoT released the report of its investigation on January 30, 2008. The investigation concluded that the airport did not break any laws or regulations in the incident. The investigation found that the contract under which military chartered transport aircraft are serviced at the airport does not require access to the terminal facilities for military passengers. The report stated that airport management was concerned that they could not provide "an adequate level of escort and control of such a large group of military personnel in or around the terminal area". The airport personnel were also concerned over the proper safeguarding and securing of the weapons carried on the military transport. The report further stated that a contributing factor was a lack of communication and coordination between the Department of Defense and the Department of Homeland Security, especially with regard to security screenings of military personnel on the chartered flights. The report recommended that a task force be established with representatives from Homeland, Defense, and Transportation departments and airlines and airports to develop a uniform process for handling military personnel on all military chartered flights at U.S. airports. Commenting on the report, Mica stated, "The shocking thing is that there is no protocol for handling our returning troops, and at Oakland they got a very rude welcome. We just need to get some regular order of the process so we don't have a recurrence of what we saw happen here."

Terminal 2 LEED Silver Certification Award
The environmentally-cautious initiatives for Terminal 2's renovation and expansion were recognized by the U.S. Green Building Council. During March 2010, for the first time among the country's passenger-terminals, the council awarded OAK's #2 for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver Certification. .

New Air Traffic Control Tower
A groundbreaking ceremony for a new control tower took place October 15, 2010. A grant awarded to the Federal Aviation Administration from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) helped fund the project. The new, environmentally "green" tower is expected to begin operations during 2013, replacing the current north and south field towers.

Building Activity

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