NorthPark Center is an upscale shopping mall located in Dallas, Texas (United States). The mall is located at the intersection of Loop 12 (Northwest Highway) and US 75 ( North Central Expressway). The center has over 235 stores and restaurants.

History
In the early 1960s, developer Raymond Nasher leased a 97-acre (390,000 m 2) cotton field on the edge of Dallas and hired Eero Saarinen to design Northpark and the Dallas architecture firm Harrell and Hamilton, now known as Omniplan as the Architect of Record. Upon Sarrinen's death in 1961, Kevin Roche completed the design assignment along with Harrell and Hamilton. NorthPark Center opened in 1965, as then the largest climate-controlled retail establishment in the world, and is now owned, managed, operated and leased by husband and wife David J. Haemisegger and Nancy A. Nasher (Ray's daughter). The American Film Institute's Dallas International Film Festival was sponsored by NorthPark Center in 2009. The event was held in the AMC NorthPark 15 movie theater center, which also hosted screenings during the festival’s first two years. The center is lauded for architecture that draws in more natural light and fits seamlessly into the original mall’s sleek, modern design. Best known for its reputation as an art museum inside a shopping center, in November 2007, Northpark Center was named as one of the seven retail wonders of the modern world along with Neiman Marcus’ store at Natick Collection in Massachusetts, Japan’s Mikimoto store in Ginza, England’s Bullring shopping center, Poland’s ZÅ‚ote Tarasy in Warsaw, Apple’s flagship in New York City and Italy’s Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II . In 2006 the former space which was vacated by Lord and Taylor was replaced with Barneys New York. The New York-based department store was the first and remains the only location in Texas. The recent expansion of Northpark attracted a wide range of famous labels to open at the shopping center: Oscar de la Renta, Roberto Cavalli, Hervé Léger, Valentino, Henri Bendel, Tod's, Salvatore Ferragamo, DeBeers, Gucci, Versace, Louis Vuitton and many more. NorthPark will also be the home for Texas' first H&M, a trendy and fast-fashion label from Sweden. 2006 also marked the year that the tenth annual Fashion!Dallas/Kim Dawson Model Search competition relocated from Galleria Dallas and began to take place at NorthPark Center. This competition helps launched the careers of supermodel Erin Wasson, Mimi Roche, Chaise Mooty, Ali Michael and hundreds of other successful models.

Art in the mall
From its inception, NorthPark Center has made art an integral part of its interior landscape. NorthPark received the American Institute of Architects Award for "Design of the Decade - 1960s" as one of the first commercial centers in the United States to create space for the display of fine art. NorthPark was honored again in 1992 with the A.I.A.'s 25-Year Award for Design Excellence. NorthPark's tradition of showcasing major works by world-renowned artists from Andy Warhol and Frank Stella to Jonathan Borofsky and Jim Dine continues with three recent acquisitions by NorthPark's owners, David J. Haemisegger and Nancy A. Nasher: the monumental Ad Astra, 2005, a 48-foot (15 m)-tall, 12-ton, orange steel giant sculpture by New York artist Mark di Suvero; the enormous, 21-foot (6.4 m)-tall, large-scale, stainless steel and aluminum sculpture Corridor Pin, Blue (1999), by Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen; and 20 elements (2005), Joel Shapiro's vividly painted sculpture of 20 wooden blocks of varying sizes joined together.

Architecture
Designed by Eero Saarinen and Kevin Roche in the early 1960's, NorthPark Center has maintained an honesty to its original design. For the most recent expansion, NorthPark's owners returned to Omniplan ( Omniplan), the architectural firm that was the architect of Record executing Sarrinen's and Roche's 1960's design. The expansion turned NorthPark's original U-shape into a square design surrounding a 1.4-acre (5,700 m 2) landscaped garden known as "CenterPark". Featuring a series of lawns, 41-year-old live oaks and red oaks, and a small collection of art, CenterPark doubles as a park area for visitors and customers to enjoy. This is the only shopping center in the country built around a landscaped garden . NorthPark Center received both the Texas Society of Architects annual Design Award and the 25-year Design Award in 2007 for the original design by Harrell & Hamilton (now Omniplan). Even at the age of 40 years, NorthPark Center has not suffered the dead mall fate of others of similar age. After a major expansion, at 2,350,000 square feet (218,000 m 2), it is now the second-largest mall in Texas and the 21st-largest in the U.S. based on total square feet of retail space ( gross leasable area) according to the International Council of Shopping Centers.

Anchors

Anchors
  • AMC Theatres 15 (80,000 sq ft.)
  • Barneys New York - Barneys New York's flagship store in Texas, in former Lord and Taylor space. (84,400 sq ft.)
  • Dillard's - In former Titche-Goettinger then became Joske's Space (299,500 sq ft.)
  • Macy's - Macy's North Texas flagship store, in former Foley's space (250,000 sq ft.)
  • Neiman Marcus (214,000 sq ft.)
  • Nordstrom - (200,000 sq ft.)


The Original Anchors
The original anchors was Titche-Goettinger, Neiman-Marcus, and JCPenney. Titche's was renamed Joske's in 1979, in 1987 Joske's closed and became Dillard's. JCPenney was closed in the 1990s and was later demolished. Foley's built a new store on the site in 1997. In 2006 Foley's became Macy's. Neiman-Marcus is the only original anchor of the mall.

The New Anchors
Lord and Taylor was built in 1974 and closed in 2006. Barneys New York took over some of the space in the old Lord and Taylor and Robb & Stucky took over the rest. Nordstrom was built apart of the 2005 expansion. Robb & Stucky closed in early 2010, H&M might takeover the space.

Store Rankings
Neiman Marcus Northpark consistently compete with Neiman Marcus Beverly Hills for the number 1 ranking in sales volume while Dillard's NorthPark has traditionally been the chain's number one store.

Shopping Centers around NorthPark
Surrounding the NorthPark area are Dallas's two major shopping centers: Highland Park Village and Galleria Dallas. NorthPark is just minutes away from the master planned development Victory Park, Dallas Arts District, Downtown Dallas, Uptown Dallas, Mockingbird Station, West Village, Forty Five Ten boutique, W Hotel, Southern Methodist University, Highland Park, and University Park.

Public Library
Located in NorthPark Center is Bookmarks a Dallas Public Library, a 1,993-square-foot (185.2 m 2) library for children 12 years and younger. The library is a design collaboration between award-winning Dallas architects dsgn associates and Omniplan. Bookmarks is the first children's library in the United States located in a shopping center. .

Location
Situated at the intersection of one of Dallas’s busiest highways: Highway 75 to the East and a major throughway, Northwest Highway to the South. Visitors can also travel from downtown Dallas to Northpark by taking the train, which stops on the east side of the shopping center, or by taking the shuttle which stops on the west side near Nordstrom. The mall is also located right across Park Lane, a massive mixed-use development, with shops that compliment the selections at NorthPark. These factors help pull in people from all over the place. NorthPark Center is dubiously considered the most popular shopping center in north Texas with over 27 million visitors a year; it’s one of the top five shopping destinations in the country according to the mall's public relations department..

Trivia
  • NorthPark is the first shopping center featured on Vogue Magazine.
  • NorthPark has annual sales of more than $1 billion.


Television and film location
NorthPark's interior has been frequently used for television and film. Dr. T and the Women , the Robert Altman film, has one scene in which the character Kate ( Farrah Fawcett) visits stores in the area of the Neiman Marcus court, then is seen around the Dillard's court fountain"which she eventually finds herself in, frolicking and splashing in the buff. True Stories , a 1986 movie co-starring David Byrne, with one scene of a fashion show held at a mall in Virgil, Texas (the movie's fictional setting) during a town celebration; the interior portion of the scene was filmed in a mid-court area between Neiman Marcus and Dillard's. When the mall was reopened in 2006, The Dallas Observer used the mall's ambiance as documented in the film as a source of comparison. "The place looks like a tricked-out spaceship compared to the stark, cold NorthPark in which True Stories was filmed exactly 20 years ago. It looks like the old NorthPark--damned if you can tell difference between the old bricks and the new ones; this thing looks like it was built in a time machine--yet it's brighter too, a friendlier version of the same ol' place." Amusingly, the exterior of Virgil's mall wasn't of NorthPark"the producers used the outside of the former Big Town Mall in nearby Mesquite.

Media

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Building Activity

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