North Dakota Mill and Elevator

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North Dakota Mill and Elevator

The North Dakota Mill and Elevator is the largest flour mill in the United States. It is located in the city of Grand Forks, North Dakota. The Mill is owned by the U.S. state of North Dakota and is the only state-owned milling facility in the United States.


The North Dakota Mill and Elevator Association started operations on October 22, 1922. The facility was built by the state as a way of bypassing what many area wheat farmers considered unfair business practices on the part of the railroads and milling facilities in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

In the early 1900’s, the flour mills and grain exchange in Minneapolis were the primary wheat markets for North Dakota farmers and elevators. After freight costs to Minneapolis were deducted from Minneapolis market prices, North Dakota farmers received a low price for their wheat. The North Dakota Mill came into existence to help solve this problem.

The North Dakota Mill facilities include seven milling units, a terminal elevator and a packing warehouse to prepare bagged products for shipment. The Mill's offerings include not only flour, but also newer products like bread machine mixes, pancake mixes, and organic wheat products.

Other sources
  • Morlan, Robert L. Political Prairie Fire: The Nonpartisan League, 1915-1922 (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. 1955)
  • Lipset, Seymour M. Agrarian Socialism (University of California Press, Berkeley. 1971)


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