New Town, Moscow Region
The New Town project is part of the A101 masterplan for wider urban development in Leninsky Area, Moscow Region. The project aims to create a platform for the development of holistically sustainable communities within Russia, by considering the interplay of ecological, social and economic factors. It is also set to address city’s growing middle-class population and an increasing demand for a suburban lifestyle. The New Town provides for a socio-mix of residents by including varying ranges of size and affordability of dwellings, thus providing a balanced work force to sustain local businesses and services reducing need for commuting. However the inevitable commuter movement into Moscow was taken into account by provision of a highway to the city and a development of an analysis-based parking strategy. The proposal also incorporates a high-speed tram line to encourage a shift towards more ecologically sensitive mass transportation. The tram line could potentially extend to the two adjacent international airports creating an more efficient alternative to road travel. The development is planned around a tree-lined boulevard and 2 cross-linking parks, enabling the residents to access green open space. These green spaces feed into the surrounding natural forests and wetlands thus helping to create a hightened sense of place. This takes precedence from the wave of English Victorian-era garden cities that provided a breath of fresh air to London city dwellers. The New Town will occupy an area of around 500,000sqm.and have a population of 10.500 people with over 4200 residential units, administrative buildings, retail areas, offices, sports facilities, schools and nurseries, social amenities and services, new roads and public transport, landscape and recreational areas. The aim is to provide an adequate balance and distribution of residences, employment and services in order to create an economically and socially sustainable community. The dense town center is occupied by a mixture of restaurants, cafes, offices and a hotel that will create a vibrant area for socializing. Additional social amenities and schools are provided in the smaller localities of the residential blocks to encourage social networking on a neighborly scale. The New Town will be divided into three distinct areas: a main center with offices, retail, hotel and town administration, set around a public space, and surrounded by medium / high density apartment blocks; a residential area of medium / high density apartments with local retail and social amenities at ground level; and a separate residential area of low / medium density apartments, terraced houses and semi-detached houses. The target for housing provision is heavily weighted towards affordable, modest units as well as accommodating for a small number of larger properties. The five types of residential units vary in size and category as follows: - Apartments type 1 (60sqm), 18% - Apartments type 2 (85sqm), 62% - Apartments type 3 (95sqm), 16% - Townhouses (170sqm) 2% - Duplex houses (210sqm) 2% The combination of strategically placed green spaces, a variety of building typologies and accessibility to Moscow will result in a unique and high-quality place to live.


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