Musical theater
Musical Theatre in Kaliningrad INTRODUCTION Immanuel Kant, who had a sharp feeling for the beauty, distinguished 2 types of aesthetics: eminency and fineness. He compared the fineness with the eternity, statics and with the power of coastal rocks, and the eminency with the sea dynamics. For the construction of the volumetric and spatial musical theatre we used the following shape: It looks like the main volume of construction grows from the coastal line of Baltic sea and the spatial coverage reminds a rushing wave. We interpreted the `Musical theatre` in Kaliningrad for a place to organize large-scale cultural and musical events, festivals, contests , meetings, expositions. We formulated the architectural-planning solutions based on above mentioned. The main parameters of the musical theatre are defined by the following designing tasks: External amphitheatre for 5000 spectators for organizing large-scale concerts and events on open air. GENERAL PLAN While developing the general plan and corresponding it to the relief, the following 2 tasks have been arisen against us: First - To insert carefully the Musical theatre in already formulated historical environment of the Park, Second - To provide comfortable and safe circulation of spectators and city transport. The streamlined, soft forms of the building are being facilitated as a solution of first task. The building is being maximally moved from the edge of the pond. It has 20 m of height by the most extensive front looking to the city. In order to provide safe traffic of spectators, as well as for their evacuation it is being decided to design 3 exits. The exits for visitors of Opera, Dramatic theatre and Forum complex have been separated. Taking into account the park historically arisen around the lower pond, we decided to take off the street Shevchenko to underground at the expense of overfull from 4 meters, during the development of general plan. Such kind of solution creates a number of urban-construction opportunities for establishing the space around the musical theatre: 1. Creation and restoration of the historical park and pedestrian zone. 2. Unloading highways and pedestrians safe movement. 3. Creation of fountains boulevard ( for further organization of musical and lighting water performances), which connects the urban-construction axes leading to Lower Pond with Kant Ireland. THE MAIN TECHNICAL_ECONOMICAL INDICATORS: AREA 2,2 hectare GENERAL BUILDING AREA 65 200 sq. m OPERATIC-BALLETIC THEATRE 1500 spec. MUSICAL-DRAMATIC THEATRE 800 spec PARKING CAPACITY 295 cars Main spatial and functional premises. Main premises of the complex: The 2 main groups of premises have been distinguished during the development of architectural-spatial solutions: premises for viewers’ complex and premises for stage service: I. Premises for viewers’ complex: a) Entrance group - Entrance halls with entrance ramps - Entrance lobby tambours - Information center - Cashiers’ hall (box-offices and administration, toilets) - Distributive hall with the wardrobes and toilets for the visitors - Underground parking for 300 cars. b) Recreation premises are composed by foyers, lobbies and cafes, which are distributed in main 4 floors by the proportion rate. c) Spectators halls of Opera and ballet and musical-dramatic theatre have correspondingly 1500 and 800 spectators’ capacity. The stage with 18x12x18 size, has a revolving platform, squeezed boards, orchestral hole, which can be transformed depending on performance. The stage is equipped with 2 side-pockets, postscenium, gridirons and acoustic screens. The opera and ballet hall has 850 places in parterre and 650 places in the balconies. The hall has a form of extended horseshoe, ensuring the best audibility and volume of sound. The balconies provide a great viewing and give to hall a traditional solemnity. The stage with 30x36x26 size has a revolving platform, squeezed boards, postscenium and proscenium, fixed orchestral hole, equipped with 2 side-pockets, gridirons, acoustic screens and necessary technical equipment. II. Stage serving premises . a) Premises for the actors and musicians. b) Premises for actors’ service. c) Stage serving premises. d) The premises of administrative-utility management. e) Premises of the forum part. The external amphitheatre is turned to the lake, with an external stage by 30 x 15 m size and 3.3m height. The artistic rooms are placed in it, where you can go through side passages along lake. The amphitheatre has external specific elevators, circular ramp and radial stairs, providing a comfortable circulation of spectators. In left, the amphitheatre is smoothly growing into a artificial garden on the terraces with a decorative fountains and night illumination. The spatial coverage on the amphitheatre is made by pergolas and in case of necessity it can be covered by the special multicolor stretch tent. A light reinforcement, necessary for the concerts, is being fasten under the girders bearing the coverage. Main constructive scheme. Bearing construction of the complex can be divided into 2 separate schemes: the bearing construction of the complex itself and spatial construction of coverage. 1. The bearing construction of the complex has a radial net of columns 8 x 9m, which is stipulated by the configuration of external amphitheatre. The tribunes of external amphitheatre are leaned on plastic pylons (the distance between them is 14 m), which become decoration elements of the interior. Stressed cords are thrown over pylons, which are being concreted with a plate of 12 sm thickness and create stepped amphitheatre with 90 x 45 sm size. The distance between plates is being covered by 1-1.5 sm glass. The main halls have a ferroconcrete structures and leaned on strengthened column-pylons on lower floors. 2. The spatial coverage of the construction (180m of length) is composed by 2 main bearing girders and 2 bordering, which are connected with each-other by diametrical steel. In this constructive scheme the system of falling in pairs and simultaneously balancing to each-other is being used; the diametrical girders stretch, and main beaming girders press. The grid is made in the form of crossing ferroconcrete ribbon. Depending on the final geology, the grid is being leaned rather on hanging poling, or on supporting ones.

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