Munich International Airport
Munich (Munchen) Franz Josef Strauss International Airport ( IATA: MUC, ICAO: EDDM) ( German: Flughafen München-Franz Josef Strauß ), is located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast of Munich, Germany, and is a hub for Lufthansa and Star Alliance partner airlines. It lies in direct proximity to the old city of Freising and is named in memory of politician Franz Josef Strauss. The airport is located on the territory of four different municipalities: Oberding (location of the terminals; district of Erding), Hallbergmoos, Freising and Marzling ( district of Freising). Between 1995 and 2006, passenger numbers doubled from under 15 million per annum to over 30 million, despite the impact of ‘9/11’ in 2001 and 2002. In 1996, it overtook Düsseldorf as Germany’s second busiest airport and now handles almost twice as many passengers as the country’s third busiest airport. Munich Airport is Lufthansa’s second base in Germany after Frankfurt. Munich Airport is the second busiest airport in Germany in terms of passenger traffic behind Frankfurt Airport, and the seventh busiest airport in Europe, handling 34,721,605 million people in 2010. It is the world's 13th busiest airport in terms of international passenger traffic, and was the 30th busiest airport in the world in 2009. In the 2010 Skytrax World Airport Awards, Munich was named the Best Airport in Europe and the fourth-best in the world.

History
The airport commenced operation on 17 May 1992, when operations moved from the former site at Munich-Riem, which was closed shortly before midnight on the day before. When construction started in 1980, a village named Franzheim was demolished and its 500 inhabitants were resettled in other places in the area. As Lufthansa's home base at Frankfurt Airport is heavily saturated with traffic and has capacity limits, cities with frequent flights are served through Munich as well as Frankfurt. The airport was named after Franz Josef Strauß, who played an important role in German politics. Among other positions, Strauß was a long-time Minister-President (Governor) of the state of Bavaria, where the airport is located, and it was planned under his government. Strauß, having been a private pilot himself, was said to have a particular interest in the aviation industry and infrastructure. Naming the airport by its full name is quite uncommon, even the airport authority is only named "Flughafen München Gesellschaft". In the Munich area, most people prefer the term "Flughafen München" (Munich Airport), sometimes "Flughafen München II" or simply MUC. The company operating the airport brands it as "M - Flughafen München". In June 2003, Terminal 2 was finished, housing Star Alliance partners exclusively. Due to the rapid increase in traffic, a third runway is now being planned. As always with such a project, there is considerable opposition from the nearby residents, and lawsuits against the runway have already been announced.

Terminals and facilities
Most of the airport's facilities are located in the area between the two runways. The approach road and railway divide the west part into a southern half, which contains cargo and maintenance facilities, and a northern half, which contains mostly administrative buildings, a holiday long-term parking lot and the Visitors' Centre. It is followed by the west apron and Terminal 1, then the Munich Airport Center (MAC), Terminal 2 and the east apron.

Terminal 1
Terminal 1 is the older terminal and commenced operation when the airport was opened on 17 May 1992. It has a total capacity of 25 m passengers per annum and is subdivided into five Modules designated with capital letters A, B, C, D and E. Modules A through D provide all facilities necessary to handle departures and arrivals, including landside drive-by lanes and parking, whereas module E is only equipped to handle arrivals. This design essentially makes each module a self-contained sub-terminal of its own, which is small and comfortable despite the total size of the terminal. Hall F is separate, located near Terminal 2 and handles flights with increased security requirements, i.e. those to Israel. Further, checkin for some flights departing from Terminal 1 is located in the Central Area Z ( German: Zentralbereich). The 1,081 m (3,547 ft) pier features 21 jet bridges, two of which have been rebuilt into waiting halls for bus transfers. There are further 60 waiting positions on the apron, some of which are equipped with specially-designed apron jet bridges ( German: Vorfeldfluggastbrücken), to which passengers are brought by bus. This unique concept allows passengers to board with full protection from the weather but without the high investments required for full satellite terminals connected through a passenger transport system. Terminal 1 currently handles all flights from airlines that are not members of Star Alliance. However, due to lack of capacity at Terminal 2, Lufthansa subsidiary Germanwings and affiliate Condor moved back to Terminal 1, Module D. Further, Hall F handles flights to Israel from all airlines.

Terminal 2
Terminal 2 commenced operation on 29 June 2003. As Terminal 1, it has a design capacity of 25 m passengers per annum. However, having been designed as a hub terminal for Lufthansa and Star Alliance members, it is not divided into modules. Instead, all facilities are arranged around a central Plaza. Due to security regulations imposed by the European Union, the terminal has been equipped with facilities to handle passengers from countries considered insecure, i.e. not implementing the same regulations. This required the construction of a new level as, unlike other airports, the terminal does not have separate areas for arriving and departing passengers. The new level 06 opened on January 15, 2009. The pier, which is 980 m (3,220 ft) long, is equipped with 24 jet bridges. As the total number of waiting positions of 75 on the East Apron is not always sufficient, Terminal 2 sometimes also uses waiting positions on the West Apron, to which passengers are carried by airside buses. Terminal 2 has two main departure level, 04 and 05 and additional Bus gates on the lower level 03. Gates on level 05 ( H) are designated Non-Schengen Gates. Until the new level 06 opened the northernmost gates were behind an additional security checkpoint for departures to the USA most of the day. The lower level 04 ( G) contains Schengen gates. The bus gates on level 03, also designated G, are Schengen gates, too. The terminal is operated by Terminal-2-Betriebsgesellschaft (German for Terminal 2 Operating Company), which is owned by Flughafen München GmbH (60 %) and Lufthansa (40 %). This makes Terminal 2 the first terminal in Germany which is co-operated by an airline. There is a baggage sorting hall on the apron, which is planned to be extended into a satellite terminal for Terminal 2.

Munich Airport Centre (MAC)
The Munich Airport Centre (MAC) is a shopping, business and recreation area that connects the two terminals. The older Central Area ( German: Zentralbereich), which was originally built as part of Terminal 1, hosts a shopping mall and the S-Bahn station. The newer MAC Forum built with Terminal 2 is a large outdoor area with a tent-like, partly transparent roof. Next to it is the airport hotel managed by Kempinski.

Visitor viewing facilities
The airport authorities have set out to cater for visitors and sight-seers by creating a 'Visitors Park' which includes a 'Visitors Hill' from which a good view can be obtained of the westerly aircraft apron and Terminal 1. This is served by a railway station named 'Besucherpark'. The view from the hill is shown in the above image. There are three historic aircraft on display in the park, a Super Constellation, a Douglas DC-3 and a Junkers Ju 52/3m. There is also a visitors viewing terrace on the roof of Terminal 2 that gives a view of the easterly aircraft apron.

Airlines and destinations

Cargo airlines

Other facilities
DBA, originally Deutsche BA, had its head office on the grounds of Munich Airport and in Hallbergmoos.

Access

Railway

Airlines Destinations Terminal / Check-in Adria Airways Ljubljana, Pristina 2-4 Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki 2-4 Aer Lingus Cork, Dublin 1-D Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1-C Air Berlin Alicante, Bari, Berlin-Tegel, Brindisi, Cairo, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Hamburg, Hanover, Hurghada, Málaga, Malé, Mombasa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Münster/Osnabrück, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Windhoek Seasonal: Antalya, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cagliari, Cancún, Cape Town, Corfu, Djerba , Dubrovnik, Enfidha , Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Luxor, Minorca, Mykonos, Mytilene/Lesbos, Naples, Preveza, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Samos, Sharm el-Sheikh, Thessaloniki, Varadero, Westerland/Sylt, Zakynthos 1-A Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 2-3 Air China Athens , Beijing-Capital 2-3 Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-D Air France operated by Régional Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-D Air Malta Catania, Malta 2-4 Air Mauritius Mauritius 1-B Air Transat Seasonal: Calgary, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 1-Z Air Vallée Angers, Dole 1-D AirBaltic Riga 1-D Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino 1-D Alitalia operated by Air One Rome-Fiumicino 1-D All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita 2-3 Arkia Israel Airlines Tel Aviv 1-F Armavia Yerevan TBD Austrian Airlines Vienna 2-4 Austrian operated by Tyrolean Airways Vienna 2-4 Blue1 Helsinki 2-4 Bmibaby Seasonal: East Midlands 1-D British Airways London-Heathrow 1-B Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna 1-Z Carpatair Timisoara 1-C Cimber Sterling Billund 2-4 Condor Flugdienst Agadir, Antalya, Burgas, Cologne/Bonn, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Hanover, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Málaga, Marsa Alam, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Paphos, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Djerba, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santorini 1-B Continental Airlines Newark 2-3 Cirrus Airlines Berne, Erfurt 2-4 Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb, Zadar 2-4 Cyprus Airways Larnaca 1-B Delta Air Lines Atlanta 1-B Donavia Rostov-on-Don 1-C EasyJet Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester 1-Z EgyptAir Cairo 2-4 El Al Tel Aviv 1-F Emirates Dubai 1-C Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 1-C Finnair Helsinki 1-D Germania Arbil , Pristina , Sulaymaniyah Seasonal: Paphos, Rhodes , Thessaloniki 1-C Germanwings Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund 1-D Iberia Madrid 1-D Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Madrid 1-D Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavik 1-D InterSky Elba 1-D KLM Amsterdam 1-D KLM operated by KLM Cityhopper Amsterdam 1-D Kuban Airlines Krasnodar 1-C LOT Polish Airlines Katowice, Warsaw 2-4 LOT operated by Eurolot Poznan, Wroclaw 2-4 Lufthansa Ankara, Antalya , Athens, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Tegel, Boston, Brussels, Bucharest-Henri Coandă, Budapest, Busan, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dublin , Düsseldorf, Dubai, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Izmir, Kiev-Boryspil, Larnaca, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Miami , Milan-Malpensa, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Naples, New York-JFK, Newark, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, St Petersburg, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Tokyo-Narita , Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Washington-Dulles, Zurich Seasonal: Catania, Faro, Malta, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca 2-4 Lufthansa operated by PrivatAir Cairo, Riyadh, Tashkent 2-4 Lufthansa Regional operated by Air Dolomiti Ancona, Bari, Bologna, Catania, Florence, Genoa, Klagenfurt, Milan-Malpensa, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Trieste, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona 2-4 Lufthansa Regional operated by Augsburg Airways Basel/Mulhouse, Belgrade, Bremen, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Dresden, Florence, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Graz, Krakow, Leipzig/Halle, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Madrid, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Poznan, Prague, Sofia, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Turin, Vienna, Warsaw, Wroclaw, Zagreb, Zürich Seasonal: Naples 2-4 Lufthansa Regional operated by Lufthansa CityLine Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest-Henri Coandă, Budapest, Bursa, Chişinău, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Donetsk, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Florence, Gdansk, Geneva, Hanover, Krakow, Leipzig/Halle, London-City, Luxembourg, Lyon, Lvov, Manchester, Marseille, Münster/Osnabrück, Nice, Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostock-Laage, Sarajevo, Sibiu, Stuttgart, Timisoara, Tirana, Toulouse, Vienna, Warsaw, Westerland/Sylt, Zagreb, Zürich Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Olbia, Split, Zadar 2-4 Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken 2-4 Niki Vienna 1-A Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1-D Oman Air Muscat 1-C Pegasus Airlines Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 1-C Pegasus operated by IZair Izmir 1-C Polet Airlines Voronezh 1-C Qatar Airways Doha 2-4 Rossiya St Petersburg 1-C Royal Air Maroc Marrakech 1-B Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 1-B RusLine Krasnodar 1-C S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo 1-B Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda, Oslo Gardermoen (Begins March 28th) 2-4 Singapore Airlines Manchester, Singapore 2-4 Sky Airlines Antalya 1-C South African Airways Johannesburg 2-3 Spanair Barcelona 2-4 Sun d'Or International Airlines Tel Aviv 1-F SunExpress Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir 1-C Swiss International Air Lines operated by Swiss European Air Lines Zürich 2-4 TAP Portugal Lisbon 2-4 TAROM Bucharest-Henri Coandă, Sibiu 1-C Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2-3 TUIfly Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Marsa Alam, Sal, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South Seasonal: Agadir, Antalya, Araxos/Patras, Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha , Faro, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Luxor, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tel Aviv 1-Z Tunisair Monastir, Tunis, Djerba 1-B Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk 2-3 United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles 2-3 Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 1-C US Airways Philadelphia 2-3 UTair Aviation Tyumen 1-C Yakutia Airlines Irkutsk 1-C Airlines Destinations BAE Systems Warton BinAir No schedules at the moment; Charter flights. British Airways World Cargo operated by Global Supply Systems Bahrain, Delhi, Hong Kong, London-Stansted DHL operated by European Air Transport Leipzig/Halle El Al Cargo Tel Aviv FedEx Express Frankfurt, Tel Aviv Lufthansa Cargo Shenzen (via Mumbai), Viracopos-Campinas (via Dakar) Star Air (Maersk Air) Athens, Cologne/Bonn Swiftair Barcelona TNT Airways Brussels, Geneva, Katowice, Liège, Ljubljana, Ostrava West Air Sweden Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stuttgart Munich Airport S-Bahn service




Munich Airport

Besucherpark

Freising

Erding

Markt Schwaben

Neufahrn



Munich East



Marienplatz City Centre

Karlsplatz (Stachus)

Munich Central



Laim



Munich Pasing

Munich Airport is connected to the city by Munich suburban railway lines S1 and S8. The ride takes approximately 45 minutes. Furthermore, a scheduled bus service (MVV line 635) connects the airport within 20 minutes to the Freising railway station, providing access to regional trains to destinations like Munich, Nuremberg, Regensburg and Prague. Munich Airport Station is located in a tunnel beneath the central area. A second station, Besucherpark ( German: Visitors' Park) connects the cargo and maintenance areas, long-term parking, administrative buildings and the name-giving Visitors' Park. A second tunnel beneath the terminals is currently unused. Originally, there were plans to use it for intercity railway, then for a Transrapid maglev train making the trip to Munich Central Station in 10 minutes. However, this project was cancelled in March 2008 due to cost escalation.

Bus
MVV bus lines connect the airport to the nearby city of Freising as well as Erding and Markt Schwaben. Lufthansa Airport Bus provides an alternative to the S-Bahn, stopping at Nordfriedhof subway station and Munich Central Station.

Road
Munich Airport is accessible via nearby Motorway A 92, which connects to Motorway A 9 and Munich's ring motorway A 99 Bavarian State Road St. 2584 connects A 92's exit 6 ( Flughafen München) - an incomplete interchange that can only be used by traffic to and from the west - to the terminals. Access from the east is possible via exit 8 ( Freising Ost) and Bavarian State Road St. 2580, which connects to St. 2584 in the east of the airport.

Plans

Third runway
A third runway would increase the number of landing slots available per hour from 90 to 120. It would run in parallel to the existing runways and be located to the northeast of the current north runway, significantly extending the total area occupied by the airport. According to Flughafen München GmbH ( FMG), the airport's operator, the current two-runway system is already operating at full capacity during peak hours, and requests for additional slots from airlines have been denied. Further increase in air traffic is expected as Munich is to become a second major hub in Germany after Frankfurt. In August 2007, the airport operator applied for a planning permission from the government of Upper Bavaria. As more than 60,000 objections have been filed during public display of the plans, the procedures are expected not to conclude before 2011. While according to ICAO Regulations (Annex XIV) the new runway would have to be named 08L/26R (renaming the existing north runway to 08C/26C), it is currently assigned the working title 09/27 in all plans.

Terminal 2 extension
An extension to Terminal 2 would see the baggage sorting hall on the east apron upgraded to become a satellite terminal. This would allow an additional 11 million passengers to be handled per year, adding 52 gates and 27 passenger air bridges. This plan was approved in December 2010. AN expansion for the satellite building into a 'T' shape is also planned for the future along with another satellite and room for a possible 3rd Terminal to the east. While Terminal 1 still has plenty of capacity left - in 2007, it only handled about 9 m passengers - the extension of Terminal 2 is required by Lufthansa and its Star Alliance partners to allow easy transfers within a single terminal. When Terminal 2 and its east apron were built, preparations for a satellite terminal had already been made. Besides the baggage transport tunnel, there are three more tunnels beneath the Terminal 2 apron that can receive a people mover and extensions to the current S-Bahn rail tunnel and unused inter-city rail tunnel respectively. The preparations also allow construction of a second satellite or an independent third terminal further to the east. Construction for this satellite building is planned to start in Fall 2011.

Preceding station Munich S-Bahn Following station S1 Terminus S8 Terminus

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