Ministro Pistarini International AirportEdit profile
Ministro Pistarini International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Ministro Pistarini) (IATA: EZE, ICAO: SAEZ), more commonly known as Ezeiza International Airport owing to its location within the city of Ezeiza in the Greater Buenos Aires, is an international airport located 22 km (14 mi) south-southwest of Buenos Aires, the capital city of Argentina. It is the country's largest international airport by number of passengers handled —85% of international traffic—, and serves as a hub for the international services of Aerolíneas Argentinas and LAN Argentina. Covering an area of 3,475 hectares (8,590 acres), the airport serves both the city of Buenos Aires and its metropolitan area. It is operated by Aeropuertos Argentina 2000 S.A. since 1998.
The airport was named after the general and politician Juan Pistarini (1882–1956). The first civilian flight from what is now London Heathrow Airport, a BSAA Avro Lancastrian, flew to Ministro Pistarini International Airport in 1946.
Completely designed and erected by Argentine technicians, the airport was built between 1945 and 1949. Its construction was one of the major projects included in the five-year plan of the first presidence of Juan Perón. At the time it was inaugurated it was the largest airport in Latin America, the third largest in the world, and the only one with three crossed runways (05/23, 11/29 and 17/35) that resembled the shape on an equilateral triangle. In 1997, RWY 05/23 was closed, and now it is used for large aircraft (such as the Airbus A340 or Boeing 747) for parking while cleaning and refueling.
The Ezeiza massacre took place in the airport in 1973.
The Riccheri Motorway connects the airport with downtown Buenos Aires. There are no rail links between the airport and the city. The closest rail station is Ezeiza, the railway line passing through it having Constitución station as terminus. Ezeiza station can be reached by bus number 518. Other bus lines entering the terminal are the 8, 51 and 394. The first of them offers a semi-rapid service between the airport and downtown Buenos Aires that partly runs through the Riccheri Motorway, whilst the other two links the airport with several cities located within the southern Buenos Aires metropolitan area. Although the service offered by these buses is cheap, passengers with large luggage are often not carried as the buses lack luggage capacity. Another way of accessing the terminal is by taxi or by a number of charter buses.
This airport was collecting an Airport Improvement Fee of US$ 29 as of 7 September 2009 (2009 -09-07), payable before any international departure. This fee is now required to be included in the price of the ticket.
Australian, Canadian, American, and New Zealander passengers must pay a Reciprocity Rate after check-in and before the security point, and migrations.
In 2010, the airport handled 8,786,807 passengers.
Terminals, airlines and destinations
New terminal C was inaugurated in July 2011; the only carrier making use of its facilities is Aerolíneas Argentinas, as of July 2011.SkyTeam members are expected to migrate their operations to the terminal in the future.
It is a 60,000 m² covered warehouse which stored exports and imports. The air side has extended a recent concrete platform 500x150 meters, the same can park six large aircraft or twelve medium-sized aircraft.Cargo Terminal Argentina, has an area of 60.000 m². Company Operated Cargo Terminal Argentina (TCA), previously the company was by EDCADASSA. Also operate from this private and military flights.
Accidents and incidents
As of August 2011, Aviation Safety Network records 30 accidents/incidents for aircraft that departed from the airport or had it as a destination. The list below provides a summary of the fatal events only.
Accidents involving fatalities
- 16 July 1956: An Aerolíneas Argentinas Douglas C-47A-25-DK, registration LV-ACD, that was operating a domestic scheduled Ezeiza–Río Cuarto passenger service, crashed while en route into the terrain 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) northeast of Pavín, Córdoba, Argentina, when the aircraft descended below the prescribed altitude. Eighteen people lost their lives.
- 8 December 1957: Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 670, a Douglas DC-4, tail number LV-AHZ, that was due to operate a scheduled domestic Ezeiza–Bariloche passenger service, crashed 25 kilometres (15.5 mi) southeast of Bolívar, Buenos Aires, Argentina, after the loss of control of the aircraft when it encountered unfavorable weather conditions. The accident claimed 61 lives.
- 25 February 1960: The 1960 Rio de Janeiro air crash involved two aircraft —one of them having departed from Ezeiza Airport— in a mid-air collision that ended up with both airplanes crashing into the Guanabara Bay. A US Navy Douglas R6D-1, registration 131582, that had departed from Buenos Aires-Ezeiza bound for Galeão Air Force Base collided over Rio de Janeiro with a Real Transportes Aéreos Douglas C-47A-25-DK, tail number PP-AXD. The first aircraft was on approach to Galeão, while the second one was on approach to Santos Dumont Airport. The death toll rose to 61, with 35 reported fatalities from the American airplane, and all 26 occupants of the Brazilian aircraft.
- 18 May 1960: A Transamerican Air Transport Curtiss C-46F-1-CU Commando, registration LV-GGJ, that was due to operate a Buenos Aires–Santiago–Lima cargo service, crashed en route its first leg into the terrain after it encountered severe turbulence on the flight path. There were 10 reported fatalities.
- 7 September 1960: Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 205, a Douglas DC-6, tail number LV-ADS, that was operating an international scheduled Silvio Pettirossi International Airport–Ezeiza Airport, suddenly crashed 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) east-northeast of Salto, Uruguay. All 31 occupants of the aircraft lost their lives.
- 19 July 1961: Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 644, a Douglas DC-6, registration LV-ADW, that was due to operate a domestic scheduled Ezeiza–Comodoro Rivadavia passenger service, broke up and crashed 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) west of Pardo, Buenos Aires, Argentina, after it entered a region of severe turbulence. All 67 occupants of the airplane perished in the accident.
- 6 February 1965: Lan Chile Flight 107, a Douglas DC-6B, registration CC-CCG, that operated an international scheduled Los Cerrillos Airport–Ezeiza passenger service, struck mountaineous terrain in the Andes, near the San José Volcano. There were 87 reported fatalities.
- 17 August 1966: An Aerovías Halcón Curtiss-C-46F-1-CU Commando, tail number LV-GLA, that was due to operate a domestic non-scheduled Río Gallegos–Ezeiza passenger service, water-landed near Puerto Lobos, Chubut, Argentina, following the impairment of both engines, and hit some rocks while travelling over the water. An occupant of the aircraft died in the accident.
- 23 October 1996. Fuerza Aérea Argentina Flight 5025, a Boeing 707-372C, registration LV-LGP, that was operating a cargo service, struck the ground short of the runway on final approach to Ezeiza inbound from Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport, breaking up and bursting into flames. Two occupants of the aircraft lost their lives.
- 26 October 2003: CATA Línea Aérea Flight 760, a Fairchild FH-227B, tail number LV-MGV, operating a non-scheduled Ezeiza–Camba Puntá Airport freighter service, encountered technical difficulties shortly after take off from Ezeiza Airport and attempted a belly landing on a nearby golf course. The aircraft skidded some 200 m in doing so before hitting a tree and bursting into flames. All five occupants of the aircraft perished in the accident.
Incidents involving fatalities
- 27 July 1952: Pan Am Flight 201, an international scheduled New York–Rio de Janeiro–Buenos Aires passenger service operated with a Boeing 377 Stratocruiser 10-26, tail number N1030V, experienced a sudden depressurisation following the opening of a cabin door while en route between Galeão International Airport and Ezeiza Airport; a woman passenger was blown out of the aircraft.