Mettur Dam
The Mettur Dam is a large dam in India built in 1934. It was constructed in a gorge, where the River Kaveri enters the plains.The oldest name of Mettur Dam is Stanley Reservoir. The dam is one of the oldest in India. It provides irrigation facilities to a part of Salem, the length of Erode, Namakkal, Karur, Tiruchirappali and Thanjavur district for 271,000 acres (1,100 km²) of farm land. The total length of the dam is 1700 meters. The dam creates Stanley Reservoir. The Mettur Hydro Electrical power project is also quite large. The dam, the park, the major Hydro Electric power stations and hills on all sides make Mettur a tourist attraction. Upstream from the dam is Hogenakal Falls. The government of India's water resources ministry site the Mettur dam is an old multipurpose project of the south Indian state (province) of Tamil Nadu across the Cauvery river. It irrigates 1,310 square kilometres each year. Its installed capacity for hydro-power generation is 32 MW. The maximum level of the dam is 120 feet and the maximum capacity is 93.4 tmc ft.

Water dispute
The Mettur Dam has received attention of the public during the recent past because of the Cauvery water dispute between the States of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Consequent to building dams, including the Kabini Dam, across the Kaveri River in Karnataka, the Mettur Dam does not receive adequate water during lean seasons. Thus, the Dam nearly goes dry during certain parts of the year, when water is most needed by the farmers and general public of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. This has created serious dispute and tension between the neighbouring States of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Tamil Nadu govt., the Supreme Court verdict and the cauvery tribunal have so far not been successful in making the Government of Karnataka release the due share or at least sufficient water to tide over distress periods for the Mettur Dam, or the lower riparian areas. Meanwhile, Kaveri Water Tribunal to solve the problem and the tribunal passed it verdict of 419 tmc to Tamil Nadu, 270 tmc to Karnataka, 50 tmc to Kerala and 7 tmc to Pondicherry. This dam was built in line with KRS and the design was by Sir M Vishveswariah


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