Memento Park is an open air museum in Budapest, dedicated to monumental statues from Hungary's Communist period (1949–1989). There are statues of Lenin, Marx, and Engels, as well as Hungarian Communist leaders such as Béla Kun, Endre Ságvári, or Árpád Szakasits. The park was designed by Hungarian architect, Ákos Eleőd, who won the competition announced by the Budapest General Assembly (Fővárosi Közgyűlés) in 1991.

History

After the fall of the Communist regime in Hungary in 1989, many of the Communist statues and monuments were immediately removed. These formed the basis for the current collection in statue park. On June 29, 1993, the second anniversary of the withdrawal of the Russian troops from Hungarian territory, the park celebrated a ribbon cutting and grand opening as a public an outdoor museum.

In 2006 marks a new chapter in the history of Memento Park. A life-sized copy of the tribune of the Stalin Monument in Budapest was built in the Statue Park with the broken bronze shoes on top of the pedestal. This is not an accurate copy of the original but only an artistic recreation by Ákos Eleőd.

In 2007 a new exhibition hall and a small movie theater was opened in Memento Park. The photo exhibition called “Stalin’s Boots” in the exhibition hall takes you through the history of the 1956 revolution, of the 1989-1990 political changes and of Memento Park – with both English and Hungarian captions. In the barrack-theatre you can see The life of an agent, a documentary on the methods used by the secret police, directed by Gábor Zsigmond Papp. The film is being shown with English subtitles.

Sculptures, monuments and plaques
The Wall behind the Scenes
The Endless Parade of Liberation Monuments
The Endless Parade of Personalities of the Workers Movement
The Unending Promenade of Worker's Movement Concepts
Events

Memento Park, beyond its role as a tourist attraction, also functions as a cultural and educational site housing art projects, festivals, professional and public events. There are Retro Festivals, Film Festivals, and several cultural programs. To the youngest visitors, there is a museum-education program that sheds light on the exhibits and helps students to process what they learn. The park is a popular site for tourists. It is opened every day from 10 o’clock in the morning until sunset. It is accessible by public transportation as well as a direct bus.

Images
  • Aerial photography of the park.

  • Main entrance of the Memento Park with Lenin, Marx and Engels

  • Lenin statue which stood once at the boulevar Dozsa Gyorgy

  • Close-up view of the Lenin monument

  • Worker's Movement Memorial

  • Statue of Marx and Engels

  • Cubist Marx and Engels monument, close-up view

  • Hungarian-Soviet Friendship Memorial

  • Hungarian-Soviet Friendship Memorial, close-up view

  • Statue of Dimitrov, comunist lider

  • Béla Kun, Jenő Landler and Tibor Szamuely memorial

  • Red Army soldier statue

  • Republic of Councils Monument

  • Republic of Councils Monument, close-up view

  • Martyrs Monument: a man seemingly crying or yearning for something

  • Martyrs Monument by Kallo Viktor, 1960

  • Martyrs Monument and Ostapenko statue

  • Bust bust of Georgi Dimitrov

  • Close-up view of the bust of Georgi Dimitrov

  • Robert Kreutz Memorial Plaque

  • Workers' Movement Memorial

  • The Display of the Workers Militia Monument

  • The Hungarian Fighters in the Spanish International Brigades' Memorial

  • The Hungarian Fighters in the Spanish International Brigades' memorial

  • Lenin relief

  • Lenin statue from outside the Csepel ironworks

  • Lenin statue from the prolatarian Csepel neighbourhood

  • Ostapenko and Captain Steinmetz statues

  • Dimitrov, heroe of the Comintern

  • Bust of Dimitrov, comunist lider

  • Kalamar Jozsef bust

  • Captain Steinmetz statue

  • Statue of Ferenc Münnich

  • Stalin's boots

  • Main entrance, general view