Melbourne Central railway station

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Melbourne Central is an underground station in the suburban railway network of Melbourne, Australia. It is one of five stations (and one of three underground) on the City Loop, which encircles the central business district. The station is under La Trobe Street, between Swanston and Elizabeth Streets, on the northern edge of the CBD. The station is named after the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre it is beneath, and is not the city's main station " Flinders Street is the main suburban station, and Southern Cross is the regional terminus. It is the second busiest metropolitan railway station in Melbourne, in 2009 there was an average of 47,700 passenger boardings per day.

History
The station was built using cut and cover construction. In December 1973 to permit excavation of the station, La Trobe Street and its tram tracks were temporarily relocated to the south onto the site of what is now the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre, and moved back on completion of the work in 1978. The pit was 168 metres long and 22.5 metres wide, 29 metres deep at the Swanston Street end and 22 metres at Elizabeth Street. Seven layers of struts were used to support the excavation, with 2600 tonnes of steel temporary supports required. The station opened as Museum on January 24, 1981 and was the first station on the loop to open. Initially services only operated for the Burnley and Caufield Groups on platforms 2 and 4, trains started using platform 1 on October 31, 1982, and platform 3 on May 1, 1984. The Elizabeth Street entrance to the station was opened on 5 April 1982. It was named Museum after the adjacent Melbourne Museum in the State Library of Victoria complex on Swanston Street. The Museum moved in 1995 to its current premises beside the Royal Exhibition Building in the Carlton Gardens. It was renamed on February 16, 1997, after Melbourne Central Shopping Centre, which was built above and around the station concourse in the early 1990s. At peak times with a train arriving every 2.5 minutes, the station has a passenger flow of 30,000 per hour. Three elevators were initially provided, as well as 21 Escalators.

Facilities
Melbourne Central, like the other two underground City Loop stations ( Parliament and Flagstaff) has an underground concourse and two levels of platforms below it (2 island platforms and four tracks). Each platform serves a separate group of rail lines that leave the Loop and radiate out into the city's suburbs. It is a premium station, meaning that it is staffed from first to last train and provides extra customer services. The concourse has two sections separated by the shopping centre food court:
  • The Elizabeth Street concourse has stairs and three escalators providing access to the street, a walkway to the Swanston Street concourse, a booking office, ticket barriers, toilets (which have finally been reopened), and stairs and five escalators leading down to the platforms.
  • The Swanston Street concourse was altered in the early 2000s when redevelopment works were carried out at the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre located nearby. Inside the ticket barriers there are toilets, and two lifts and five escalators going to the platforms. Outside is a food court, an exit to La Trobe Street and Level LG of the shopping centre (which passes under Little Lonsdale Street). There is also a lift and four escalators to the shopping centre level above. On the next level up (Level G) there is access to Little Lonsdale and La Trobe Streets via the shopping centre. Access to Swanston Street is via three escalators rising another floor (or the lift to level 1 and a 70m walk), and a walk through the shopping centre past the shot tower.
The redevelopment works at the Swanston Street entrance to the station have been criticised by many due to the difficulty in accessing the street from the station itself.

Platforms and services
Platform 1:
  • Epping line - all stations services to Epping
  • Hurstbridge line - all stations and limited stops services to Heidelberg, Macleod, Greensborough, Eltham and Hurstbridge
  • City Loop - all stations services to Flinders Street
Platform 2:
  • Pakenham line - all stations and limited stops services to Oakleigh, Westall, Dandenong, and Pakenham
  • Cranbourne line - all stations services to Cranbourne
  • Frankston line - all stations and limited stops services to Cheltenham, Mordialloc, Carrum and Frankston
  • City Loop - all stations services to Flinders Street
Platform 3:
  • Craigieburn line - all stations services to Broadmeadows and Craigieburn
  • Upfield line - all stations services to Gowrie and Upfield
  • Sydenham line - all stations and limited stops services to Sunshine, St Albans and Watergardens
  • Werribee line - all stations and limited stops services to Werribee
  • City Loop - all stations services to Flinders Street
Platform 4:
  • Lilydale and Belgrave lines - all stations and limited stops services to Box Hill, Blackburn, Ringwood, Lilydale, Upper Ferntree Gully and Belgrave
  • Glen Waverley line - all stations and limited stops services to Glen Waverley
  • Alamein line - all stations services to Riversdale, Ashburton and Alamein
  • City Loop - all stations services to Flinders Street


Connecting Bus Services
From Lonsdale St (Melbourne Central side):
  • 200 to Bulleen
  • 201 to Doncaster Shoppingtown
  • 203 to Bulleen
  • 207 to Donvale
  • 250 to La Trobe University
  • 251 to Northland Shopping Centre
  • 253 to Carlton North
From Lonsdale St (Myer side):
  • 250 to Garden City
  • 251 to Garden City
  • 253 to Garden City
  • 302 to City Queen St
  • 303 to City Queen St
  • 305 to City Spencer/Lonsdale Sts
  • 309 to City Queen St
  • 318 to City Spencer/Lonsdake Sts
  • 905 to City Spencer/Lonsdale Sts
  • 906 to City Spencer St
  • 907 to City Spencer St
  • 908 to City Spencer St
From Swanston/Lonsdale Sts (QV):
  • 302 to Box Hill
  • 305 to The Pines
  • 309 to Donvale
  • 318 to Deep Creek
  • 905 to The Pines Shopping Centre
  • 906 to Warrandyte Bridge
  • 907 to Mitcham
  • 908 to The Pines Shopping Centre


Media

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Building Activity

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