Lisbon Portela Airport
Lisbon Portela Airport, also known as Lisbon Airport ( IATA: LIS, ICAO: LPPT), is located 7 km (4.3 mi) north of Castle of São Jorge in the city of Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. In Portuguese, it is called Aeroporto de Lisboa, Aeroporto da Portela, or Aeroporto da Portela de Sacavém. It takes its name from the neighbouring parish ( freguesia ) of Portela, also known as Portela de Sacavém. There are current negotiations with Ryanair to install a hub at Lisbon airport in the Summer of 2011. The airport is the main international gateway to Portugal and a major European hub. It is one of the largest airports in Southern Europe. The airport has two main runways, capable of accommodating large-size aircraft such as the Boeing 747. During World War II, as the neutral airport was open to both German and British airlines, it was a hub for smuggling people into, out of and all around Europe, as widely referenced in the classic Casablanca movie, whose plot revolved around an escape attempt to Lisbon airport. As such, it was heavily monitored by both Axis and Allied spies. In 2010, the airport handled 14,035,273 passengers and 93,871 tonnes of cargo. The airport is the main base-hub of TAP Portugal, and also for Easyjet , SATA International, Portugália and White Airways. The airport is run by State-owned company ANA Aeroportos de Portugal. The airport was opened on 15 October 1942, with four 1,000 m (3,300 ft) runways. It quickly expanded, with extended runways and a new terminal. It also expanded its parking facilities to allow more aircraft movements (110,437 in 2002). It has sixteen jetways.

History
The airport was opened during the Second World War, although Portugal was neutral the airport was used by allied flights enroute to Gibraltar, North Africa and Cairo. At the end of the war the airport developed quickly and by 1946 was used by major airlines like Air France, British European Airways, Iberia, KLM, Sabena, Pan Am and Trans World Airlines and by 1954 the number of passengers had reached 100,000. A major upgrade was started in 1959 and completed in 1962 this included a new runway capable of taking the first generation jets, Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8. The first jet aircraft movement was an Air France Caravelle in 1960. In 1962 Runway 03/21 came into use, it was 3130m (10,270 ft) and would allow direct transatlantic flights. The first direct flight to New York was operated by a TWA Boeing 707 who also operated the first Boeing 747 service in 1970. When TAP ordered the 747, five large parking bays were built in 1972 and the terminal was enlarged. A major upgrade to the buildings and facilities was started in 1983 and the first air bridges were added in 1991.

Replacement
The airport is now completely surrounded by urban development, being one of the few airports in Europe located inside a major city. This led to a national debate on whether to keep the present location or to build a new airport, the last option was chosen. Initially, Ota, a village 50 km (31 mi) north of Lisbon, was chosen as one of the sites for the new airport. In 2007 an independent study coordinated by the Portuguese Industry Confederation (CIP) suggested Alcochete as an alternative location (see Alcochete Airport). In Alcochete a military training facility currently occupies the site, but the military agreed to abandon the location provided they could transfer their facility to a different area. A second government-contracted study led by the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering (LNEC) concluded in late 2007 that Alcochete was the best location. The selection of Alcochete was announced on 10 January 2008, more than 35 years after the first capacity increase studies were initiated. Portuguese prime minister José Sócrates announced that Alcochete was the preliminary choice, to be finalised after public consultation. The location of Alcochete as the construction site of the future Lisbon Airport was confirmed by the Portuguese Government on 8 May 2008.

Interim solution
In November 2006, the company operating the airport, ANA Aeroportos de Portugal, announced an expansion plan for some airport structures, in order to respond to current passenger traffic growth trends and full capacity use of the airport, until the new airport is finished in 2017. This plan involves the construction of Terminal 2 (concluded and operational since August 2007) and expansion of the current main terminal, with new boarding gates, new airbridges and new parking positions and a more efficient use of currently existing structures and a new underground (metro) station. The plan should be completed in 2010. Currently, Terminal 2 is used for scheduled domestic flights (including Madeira and Azores), while the main building (now referred to as Terminal 1) handles all international flights - scheduled and chartered. In October 2010, the European low cost airline EasyJet officially announced that it will open a new hub at Lisbon airport, exclusively using Terminal 2. This means that Terminal 2 will be used a low-cost airline terminal.

2007”“2010 improvement and expansion plan
Between 2007 and 2010 several improvements and expansions have been planned. These included a new terminal 2 and lighting along with baggage claim refurbishment, all of which have been completed. Outstanding are the new cargo facilities, fuel storage, north pier and boarding lounge, north bus gate and baggage claim, enlargement of express cargo facilities, electrical refurbishments, expansion of south pier, departure lounge refurbishments and underground station and other terminal improvements.

Airlines and destinations
Note: denotes charter airlines and their destinations.

Cargo airlines

Other facilities
TAP Portugal has its head office in Building 25. ANA ”“ Aeroportos de Portugal has its head office in Building 120. When Portugália was an independent company its head office was in Building 70.

Accidents and incidents
  • 20 August 1962: Panair do Brasil, a Douglas DC-8-33 registration PP-PDT flying from Rio de Janeiro - Galeão to Lisbon Portela Airport, overran the runway into the ocean during an aborted take-off at Rio de Janeiro. From the 105 passengers and crew aboard, 15 died.
  • 24 August 2001: Air Transat Flight 236, an Airbus A330 registration C-GITS flying from Toronto Pearson International Airport to Lisbon Portela Airport ran out of fuel about 120 km (75 Miles) away from Lajes Field then the aircraft glided and landed safely at Lajes, All 306 passengers including crew members survived. Captain Robert Piché was praised by media and was celebrated as a hero.
It was one of the world's largest aircraft gliding.

Airlines Destinations Terminal Aer Lingus Dublin Seasonal : Cork 1 Aero VIP Bragança, Vila Real 2 Aigle Azur Paris-Orly 1 Air Europa Madrid 1 Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1 Air France operated by Régional Bordeaux, Strasbourg 1 Air Moldova Chişinău 1 Air Transat Toronto-Pearson Seasonal : Montréal-Trudeau 1 Blue Air Bucharest-Baneasa 1 Bmibaby Seasonal : Manchester 1 British Airways London-Heathrow 1 Brussels Airlines Brussels 1 Cimber Sterling Copenhagen 1 Continental Airlines Newark 1 Dubrovnik Airline Seasonal : Dubrovnik 1 EasyJet Barcelona, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bristol, Edinburgh, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Toulouse Seasonal : Liverpool 1 EasyJet Funchal 2 EasyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva 1 EgyptAir Cairo 1 Finnair Helsinki 1 Luxair Luxembourg-city 1 Germanwings Cologne/Bonn Seasonal : Stuttgart 1 Iberia Madrid 1 Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Valencia Seasonal : Ibiza 1 KLM Amsterdam 1 LAM operated by Air Seychelles Maputo 1 Lufthansa Frankfurt, Milan-Malpensa, Munich 1 Lufthansa operated by Eurowings Düsseldorf 1 Niki Palma de Mallorca 1 Orbest Cancun, Montego Bay, Punta Cana 1 Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 1 Royal Air Maroc Express Casablanca, Marrakech 1 SATA International Boston, Toronto-Pearson Seasonal : Montréal-Trudeau 1 SATA International Funchal, Horta, Ponta Delgada, Santa Maria, Terceira 2 STP Airways operated by euroAtlantic Airways São Tomé 1 Sun D'Or Seasonal : Tel Aviv 1 Sunwing Airlines Seasonal : Toronto-Pearson 1 Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 1 TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda 1 TAP Portugal Amsterdam, Athens , Bamako , Barcelona, Belo Horizonte-Confins, Bissau, Bologna, Brasí­lia, Brussels, Budapest, Campinas, Caracas, Copenhagen, Dakar, Düsseldorf, Fortaleza, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, Helsinki, Johannesburg, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Luanda, Luxembourg, Madrid, Manchester , Maputo, Miami , Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Natal, Newark, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Orly, Porto Alegre , Prague, Praia, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rome-Fiumicino, Sal, Salvador da Bahia, São Paulo-Guarulhos, São Vicente , Stockholm-Arlanda, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna , Warsaw, Zagreb, Zürich Seasonal : Dubrovnik 1 TAP Portugal Faro, Funchal, Horta, Pico, Ponta Delgada, Porto, Porto Santo, Terceira 2 TAP operated by Portugália A Coruña, Algiers, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Casablanca, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Marseille, Nice, Seville, Toulouse, Valencia 1 TAP operated by Portugália Funchal, Porto, Porto Santo 2 TAP operated by White São Tomé 1 TACV Praia, Sal, São Vicente Seasonal : Boa Vista 1 Transavia Amsterdam 1 Tunisair Tunis 1 Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 1 Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 1 US Airways Seasonal : Philadelphia 1 Vueling Airlines Barcelona 1 White Arrecife, Cancun, Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Kos, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Malta, Natal, Palma de Mallorca, Punta Cana, Recife, Sal, Salvador da Bahia, Samaná, Tenerife-South, Tunis, Varadero 1 White Funchal, Porto Santo 2 Airlines Destinations DHL Aviation London-Heathrow FedEx Express Flyant Star Air Swiftair TAP Cargo TNT Airways UPS Airlines