Lingotto is a district of Turin, Italy, that named the Lingotto building in Via Nizza, which once was a huge automobile factory, constructed by Fiat. Built from 1916 and opened in 1923, the design (by young architect Matté Trucco) was unusual in that it had five floors, with raw materials going in at the ground floor, and cars built on a line that went up through the building. Finished cars emerged at rooftop level, where there was a rooftop test track. It was the largest car factory in the world at that time. For its time, the Lingotto building was avante-garde, influential and impressive" Le Corbusier called it "one of the most impressive sights in industry", and "a guideline for town planning". 80 different models of car were produced there in its lifetime, including the famous Fiat Topolino of 1936. The factory became outmoded in the 1970s and the decision was made to finally close it in 1982. The closure of the plant led to much public debate about its future, and how to recover from industrial decline in general. An architectural competition was held, which was eventually awarded to Renzo Piano, who envisioned an exciting public space for the city. The old factory was rebuilt into a modern complex, with concert halls, theatre, a convention centre, shopping arcades and a prestigious hotel. The work was completed in 1989. The track was however retained and can still be visited today on the top floor of the shopping mall and hotel. Only in Nessonvaux, Trooz, Belgium did a similar rooftop test track exist. From 1928 to 1958, Imperia had a track over 1 km long which was built partially on top of the factory.

Lingotto public transport
Torino Lingotto railway station is served by a number of regional train lines, as well as the Turin Metro ( Lingotto M1). It is a central hub, located in close proximity to Torino's hospitals (such as CTO Hospital (Turin)), parks ( Park Valentino and the Lingotto shopping district. The Lingotto M1 metro station was officially opened on March 6, 2011, connecting Lingotto with Porta Nuova M1 and other connections.

In popular culture
The Lingotto building is featured extensively in the Alberto Lattuada film Mafioso (1962). The original Lingotto rooftop test track can be seen briefly during the getaway sequence in the film The Italian Job (1969). Lingotto is also the site of the Oval Lingotto, the speed skating venue for the 2006 Winter Olympics.


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