Leonardo da Vinci International Airport

Edit profile
Leonardo da Vinci International Airport
Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport ( Italian: Aeroporto Leonardo da Vinci di Fiumicino) ( IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF), also commonly known as Fiumicino Airport, is Italy's largest airport with 36.3 million passengers served in 2010, located in Fiumicino, 35 km from Rome's historic city centre. The airport serves as a hub for Alitalia and based on total passenger numbers it was the sixth busiest airport in Europe, and the world's 26th busiest airport in 2010. The airport is named after Italian polymath Leonardo da Vinci, who first designed a proto helicopter and a flying machine with wings.

History
The airport was officially opened on January 15, 1961, with two runways, replacing the small Rome Ciampino Airport which remains in service for domestic and charter operations. During the decade Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centers; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R). Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 metres), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup of 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs due to dominant winds. Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/ landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. The terminal areas were upgraded during the 1990s :
  • 1991: Opening of the domestic pier with 12 loading bridges (Pier A);
  • 1995: Opening of the international pier with 10 loading bridges (Pier B);
  • 1999: Opening of the west satellite with 11 loading bridges (satellite C) and sky-bridge train connecting it with the main terminal;
  • 2000: Opening of the new domestic terminal (terminal A). Reorganization of terminal buildings, then comprising of: terminal A (and pier A), terminal AA, terminal B (and pier B), terminal C (and west satellite);
  • 2004: Opening of new cargo terminal called Cargo City;
  • 2008: Opening of terminal 5 for check-in of American carrier flights and El-Al (passengers are then bussed to the Main terminal building); serves 950,000 passengers per year. Extended work to build new pier C.
  • 2009: Renaming of terminals - A has been renamed T1, AA has become T2, B and C became T3 and T5 has remained as T5.
  • 2010: Launch of the new single Baggage Handling System (BHS) for more efficient luggage delivery.
The next commitments will be the following:
  • completion of environment-friendly cogeneration system allowing the airport to self-produce energy;
  • the new pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to be completed by 2011-2012 to enable handling the expected growth from present-day 38 million passengers per year to 55 million by 2018.
  • Masterplan Fiumicino Nord: to 2044, AdR, will build four new terminals and two new runways. In 2044 Fiumicino's passengers will be 100 million/year.


Terminals, airlines and destinations

Ground handling
Ground handling services have been provided by Aeroporti di Roma up to 1999 when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines apart from Alitalia, which continued being handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001 Alitalia created Alitalia Airport and started providing self-handling and third party handling. Air One created EAS and started providing third-party services too. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones in Fiumicino. There are some private handlers that provide passenger assistance alone: ARE Group, Globeground Italia and ICTS Italia. On 2 May 2006 Meridiana's passenger handling staff transferred to Alitalia Airport and the ramp transferred to Alitalia Airport in February 2007 (from Aeroporti di Roma Handling). The ground handling deregulation has brought confusion on who does what and has decreased service levels especially on transferring baggage. In May 2006 Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci. There are fears that luggage mishandling will go up. In November 2006 Aeroporti di Roma Handling was sold to Flightcare (itself owned by Spanish company FCC), an Aviance member.

Security services
Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato to Aeroporti di Roma in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created Airport Security (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police), Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile (Italy's Civil Aviation Authority) and Aeroporti di Roma.

Ground transportation
Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 kilometres (22 miles) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is well served by the 6-lane motorway A91 Roma-Fiumicino and numerous buses and taxis. Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided twice an hour. Alternatively, local trains leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. Passengers may have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense ( Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.

Accidents and incidents
From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight"all engendered by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  • On 23 November 1964 TWA Flight 800 (1964) an engine caught fire on the Boeing 707 during take off. 50 out of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 05 March 1967 Varig flight 837, a Douglas DC-8-33 registration PP-PEA flying from Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão via Monrovia, caught fire after a mistaken approach to Monrovia, missing the threshold of the runway by 6,023 ft. Of the 90 passengers and crew aboard, 51 died.
  • On 17 December 1973 Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian terrorists. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.
  • On 27 December 1985 during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks terrorists shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 other at the airport.
  • On 2 April 1986, Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 840, which was travelling from Fiumicino to Ellinikon International Airport in Athens, Greece, was bombed, ejecting 4 people out of the plane to their deaths. The plane landed safely.
  • On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines flight 775, en route from London Gatwick Airport to Rome then Entebbe International Airport, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. 26 of 45 aboard and all 7 crew members died.
  • 7 September 2005 - Ryanair is under investigation by ANSV, the Italian air accident investigation agency, for an attempted bad weather approach. During an unstabilised approach, the non-flying co-pilot had to intervene to initiate a late go-around, then the crew decided to divert to Pescara.


Media appearances
The mission "Rome-Naples Airline Run" supplied with Microsoft Flight Simulator X begins at Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport.

Airlines Destinations Terminal Aegean Airlines Athens, Rhodes Seasonal: Heraklion, Mykonos, Santorini 3 Aer Lingus Dublin Seasonal: Belfast-International, Cork 3 Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 3 Aerolí­neas Argentinas Buenos Aires-Ezeiza 3 Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli 3 Air Algérie Algiers 3 Air Alps Bolzano, Parma Seasonal: Rimini 1 Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Nuremberg 3 Air Canada Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson 3 Air China Beijing-Capital 3 Air Europa Madrid Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca 3 Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1 Air France operated by Airlinair Marseille 1 Air France operated by Brit Air Lyon 1 Air France operated by Régional Bordeaux, Toulouse 1 Air Italy Turin, Verona 1 Air Italy Asmara, Dabaa City, Dubai, Fortaleza, Havana, Hurghada, Maceio, Mombasa, Natal, Nosy Be, Pointe-à-Pitre, Sharm el-Sheikh, Yerevan , Zanzibar 3 Air Malta Malta, Reggio Calabria 3 Air Moldova Chişinău 3 Air Seychelles Mahé 3 Air Transat Toronto-Pearson Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau 3 AirBaltic Riga, Vilnius 3 Alitalia Alghero, Amsterdam, Ancona, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Bologna, Brindisi, Brussels, Cagliari, Catania, Crotone, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Lamezia Terme, Madrid, Malaga, Malta, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Milan-Orio al Serio, Munich, Naples, Nice, Palermo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Reggio Calabria, Thessaloniki, Toulouse , Turin, Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Vienna, Warsaw Seasonal: Lampedusa, Pantelleria 1 Alitalia Accra, Algiers, Amman-Queen Alia, Beijing-Capital , Beirut, Belgrade, Boston, Bucharest-Henri Coandă, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Caracas, Cairo, Casablanca, Chicago-O'Hare, Damascus, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kiev-Boryspil, Lagos, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Miami, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, New York-JFK, Newark, Osaka-Kansai, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão , St Petersburg, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sofia, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Tripoli, Tunis 3 Alitalia operated by Air Alps Salerno 1 American Airlines New York-JFK Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare 5 Arkia Israel Airlines Tel Aviv 5 Armavia Yerevan 3 Austrian Airlines Vienna 3 Baboo Geneva 3 Belavia Minsk 3 Belle Air Tirana 3 Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka 3 Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest-Băneasa 2 Blue Panorama Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cancun, Cayo Largo, Havana, Hurghada, Kos, La Romana, Luxor, Malé, Marsa Alam, Mersa Matruh, Montego Bay, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Roatan, Santiago de Cuba, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Zanzibar 3 Blue1 Helsinki 3 Blu-express Brindisi, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Genoa, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Kos, Lampedusa, Minorca, Mykonos, Nice, Palermo, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Santorini, Turin 3 British Airways London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow 3 Brussels Airlines Brussels 3 Bulgaria Air Sofia 3 Carpatair Craiova, Timişoara, Iaşi 3 Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 3 China Airlines Delhi, Taipei-Taoyuan 3 China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong 3 Cimber Sterling Billund, Copenhagen 3 Continental Airlines Newark 5 Croatia Airlines Dubrovnik, Split, Zagreb 3 Cyprus Airways Larnaca 3 Czech Airlines Prague 3 Darwin Airline Lugano 3 Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York-JFK Seasonal: Detroit 5 Eagles Airlines Pristina, Tirana, Venice-Marco Polo 3 EasyJet Amsterdam, Athens, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bilbao, Dubrovnik , Düsseldorf, Geneva, Heraklion , Ibiza , Lamezia Terme , Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Malta, Milan-Malpensa, Mykonos , Nice, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca , Split , Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo 2 EasyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva 2 EgyptAir Cairo 3 El Al Tel Aviv 5 Emirates Dubai 3 Europe Airpost Ostend , Tangier 3 Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 3 Finnair Helsinki 3 FlyOristano Oristano 3 Freebird Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 3 Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Hanover, Stuttgart 3 Iberia Madrid 3 Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Badajoz , Madrid 3 Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 3 Israir Airlines Tel Aviv 3 Jat Airways Belgrade 3 Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford, Manchester 3 Kenya Airways Nairobi 3 KLM Amsterdam 1 Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 3 Kuwait Airways Kuwait, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 3 Libyan Airlines Benghazi, Tripoli 3 LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw Seasonal: Kraków 3 Lufthansa Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich 3 Lufthansa Regional operated by Air Dolomiti Munich 3 Luxair Luxembourg 3 Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 3 Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest 3 Meridiana Fly Cagliari, Olbia, Turin, Verona 1 Meridiana Fly Dakar, Malé, Mauritius, Mombasa, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tel Aviv, Zanzibar 3 Middle East Airlines Beirut 3 Montenegro Airlines Podgorica 3 Neos Boa Vista, Cancun, Mahe Island, Malé, Mombasa, Zanzibar 3 Niki Vienna 3 Norwegian Air Shuttle Bergen, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 3 Onur Air Antalya 3 Qatar Airways Doha 3 Pegasus Airlines Ä°stanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 3 Rossiya St Petersburg 3 Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 3 Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 3 Saudi Arabian Airlines Jeddah, Riyadh 3 Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 3 Singapore Airlines Singapore 3 Smart Wings Prague 3 SriLankan Airlines Colombo 3 Sun d'Or International Airlines Tel Aviv 3 Sunwing Airlines Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson 5 Swiss International Air Lines Basel/Mulhouse , Zürich 3 Syrian Air Aleppo, Damascus 3 TAP Portugal Lisbon 3 TAP operated by Portugalia Porto 3 TAROM Bucharest-Henri Coandă 3 Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 3 Transavia.com Rotterdam 3 Tunisair Monastir , Tunis 3 Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 3 Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil, Lviv 3 United Airlines Washington-Dulles 5 Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 3 US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia 5 Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 3 Vueling Airlines Barcelona, Ibiza, Madrid, Malaga, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly, Seville, Valencia 3 Wind Jet Catania, Forlì, Palermo 2 Wizz Air Belgrade, Brno , Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Gdansk, Poznan, Prague, Sofia, Târgu Mureş , Timisoara, Vilnius , Warsaw 2 Yemenia Sana'a 3

Building Activity

  • Antonina Ilieva
    Antonina Ilieva updated 6 media, removed a media, updated and uploaded a media file
    Leonardo da Vinci International Airport
    about 6 years ago via OpenBuildings.com
  • OpenBuildings
    OpenBuildings updated 3 media and uploaded a media file
    about 6 years ago via OpenBuildings.com
  • removed 2 media
    about 6 years ago via OpenBuildings.com