Lübeck AirportEdit profile
Lübeck Blankensee Airport (IATA: LBC, ICAO: EDHL), marketed by some airlines as Hamburg Lübeck Airport, is an airport in Germany located 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Lübeck city centre and 54 km (34 mi) northeast of Hamburg. The airport serves the Hamburg Metropolitan Area and is second after Hamburg Airport.
The shareholder is the City of Lübeck. Infratil, an infrastructure investment company from New Zealand held a 90% shareholding from November 2005 until the end of October 2009 when it sold its shares back to the City of Lübeck.Airlines and destinations
In 1916, the construction of the airport began, and was completed in 1917. The operations of Lübeck Airbase started after the completion. With the end of First World War the airbase was shut down. In 1933, it re-opened and the airbase was set up again with heavy extension. During the Berlin Blockade the Royal Air Force flew with DC-3 Dakota coal to Berlin and refugees to West Germany. After the re-unification of Germany, the airport started to grow heavily. More and more airlines started flying from Lübeck-Blankensee. In 1997, the arrival terminal was re-constructed and extended. Ryanair started operations in 2000 with first flight to London-Stansted and extended its route system over the years until 2009. Wizz Air started operations in 2006 with flights to Gdańsk and later other eastern European destinations. Discussions about Ryanair opening a base at the airport have been held since 2009 without results. In 2010, both the financial crisis and the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull led to a general decrease in passenger numbers and destinations.
Infratil bought 90% of the airport in November 2005, but sold its shares back to the City of Lübeck at the end of October 2009. The new principal operator Flughafen Lübeck GmbH is searching for an investor since. The city of Lübeck has announced to cut public funds at the end of 2012 if no private investor is found until then.Ground transportation
- by car: via motorway A1 → A20 exit Lübeck-Süd (Lübeck-South);
- by train: regional trains run every hour between Kiel and Lüneburg, stopping at Lübeck Airport and Lübeck Hauptbahnhof (Central Main Station). Connecting trains are available at Lübeck Hauptbahnhof or in Büchen to Hamburg and other destinations.
- by bus: The local bus line 6 connects the airport every 20 minutes with Lübeck's main bus station/ZOB. A regional shuttle bus, line A20, runs from the airport to Hamburg's central train station, stopping at the central coach station "ZOB" nearby. The schedule is depending on the aircraft arriving in and departing from Lübeck.
The expansion plans developed by the airport since 2005 include the following:
- extension of the runway to 2,257 metres (7,405 ft),
- expansion of the apron areas to the north and south of the runway, customs clearance of up to 9 class "C" aircraft (Boeing 737, Airbus A320) and one class "D" aircraft (Boeing 767, Airbus 300),
- northern structural design zone for a passenger terminal building (approx. 40,000 m²) and periphery airport operating facilities as well as operating areas for ground traffic services,
- construction of navigational lights and re-location of centre line and touch down zone lighting for extended runway, taxiway and apron systems,
- navigation facilities to produce CAT II/III all-weather operations in 07 operating direction (east, ILS CAT I in 25 direction (west) remain the same),
- expansion of ground-side development with terminal access route and extension of parking facilities on the airport premises and north of it to a total of approx. 5,500 parking spaces,
- southern structured design zone for buildings for general aviation traffic, aircraft maintenance operations and association flights.
After interventions by local environmental protection societies, plans had to be revised in 2008 and are awaiting official approval since.