Khabarovsk Bridge
Khabarovsk Bridge is a road and rail bridge built in 1999. It crosses the Amur River in eastern Russia, and connects the urban-type settlement of Imeni Telmana in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, and city of Khabarovsk in the Khabarovsk Krai. Until that time an older bridge built 1916 existed near it.

History

Railway bridge built 1916
The Khabarovsk Bridge (1916) was a railway bridge that carried the Trans-Siberian Railway across the Amur River near the city of Khabarovsk, Russia. Measuring some 2,590 meters (about 8,500 feet) in length, the structure remained the longest bridge in Imperial Russia, Soviet Union and Asia for decades. The bridge was scheduled to be constructed at a cost of 13,500,000 Russian rubles to designs by the eminent bridge builder Lavr Proskuryakov in merely 26 months. However, a year after construction work began on July 30, 1913 the First World War broke out. Since the bridge spans were manufactured in Warsaw, they had to be brought to Khabarovsk by sea all the way around Eurasia - in fall of 1914, a merchant ship carrying the last two spans was sunk in the Indian Ocean by the German cruiser Emden delaying the completion of the bridge by more than a year. The bridge was finally completed for an official opening on October 5, 1916. It was named Alekseyevsky after Tsesarevich Alexis. Five years later, during the Russian Civil War, two of the eighteen spans were blown up by the retreating Red Army. The bridge was repaired in 1925 and functioned for many years.

Bridge built 1999
In 1999 a new bridge was built right next to the old one, carrying automobile and rail traffic on two levels. It is 3,890 m long. The original spans of the old bridge were dismantled in the 21st century, though its supports remain. The reconstructed Khabarovsk Bridge is depicted on the 5,000 Russian ruble banknote.

Building Activity

  • Bluey Quilty
    Bluey Quilty commented
    The Khabarovsk Bridge Museum: The Khabarovsk Bridge Museum on the southern side of the Amur is an excellent exposition facility, and the curator is very knowledgable. A piece of girder arch bridge stands in the background and is replete with newlywed brides and grooms in the summer. The new collinade of supports is built next to the original, and although it is created to match the original, the curator says "the new section will deteriorate before the old one." The old bridge was built of hot rivets. The new one is cold bolting. The building of the 1916 railway bridge was accompanied by severe working conditions and many, many deaths. To install the columns, a reservoir was built around the target. An issue of compression and decompression arose in the process of digging the holes for the columns. At the time it was first built, it was the longest bridge in the world. The Amur is one of the biggest rivers in the world, and the junction of the Ussuri River is very near the bridge, making for a very wide body of water to challenge the engineers. For many years, as veterans of Khabarovsk related, there was a ferry service for motor vehicles and their predecessors. During World War II, the Japanese Imperial Forces targeted the bridge for aerial attack. Therefore, a tunnel was built under the Amur, and when I and my camera crew travelled to Khabarovsk, it went into the tunnel for the first time since the train manager had been working on the Trans-Siberian, some 18 years in all. You should go to Khabarovsk; it is a clean, heritage filled city which is popular with Chinese people, as a model of Western architecture in the middle of Asia. You should definitely go to the Bridge Museum.
    about a year ago via OpenBuildings.com
  • removed a media
    about 5 years ago via OpenBuildings.com