Imperial Crypt Vaults

The Imperial Crypt Vaults are the various chambers of the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, Austria, in which most members of the senior lines of the Habsburg dynasty, the hereditary Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, have been entombed, beginning in 1632.

The Imperial Crypt Vaults are an interconnected series of ten subterranean vaulted rooms, built at various times as more space was needed.

The visible 107 metal sarcophagi and 5 heart urns range in style from puritan plain to exuberant rococo. The Imperial Crypt is one of the top tourist attractions in Vienna.

The bodies of 145 nobles, plus urns containing the hearts or cremated remains of four others, are deposited here. There is only one space left. They include 12 Emperors and 18 Empresses. The most recent entombment150 was in 2011.

From other families there are 32 spouses, plus four others,154147117 who have found their resting place here. Everyone else in the Imperial Crypt was born with the Habsburgs-only title of Archduke or Archduchess.

In 1960, with the various vaults overcrowded, a major rearrangement project began which resulted in the construction of the Children's Columnbarium and the New Vault. At the same time many bodies were moved to those new areas, others were moved from the Tuscan Vault and Ferdinand’s Vault and walled up into the corner piers of Ferdinand's Vault.

The Founders' Vault

The Gründergruft is the oldest part of the Kaisergruft, dating from the original construction of the church (completed in 1632), and lies under the Emperor Chapel at the left of the nave of the church above. The room is low, plain, and windowless, and visible through baroque gates from Leopold’s Vault. Here stand the two plain sarcophagi of the founding couple.

Looking through the gate, from left to right:

  • 2 Emperor Matthias (1557 - 1619) →Family Tree Third son of Emperor Maximilian II.x527 Once governor of the Austrian Netherlands, he wrested power over Austria, Hungary and Moravia from his inept brother Emperor Rudolf IIx552 in 1608 and inherited the rest in 1612. He built the original hunting lodge that became Schönbrunn, and died only three months after his wife Empress Anna.1 His heart is buried in urn 2 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche. His intestines are buried in urn 18 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 1 Empress Anna of Tyrol (4 October 1585 - 15 December 1618) →Family Tree Daughter of Ferdinand II, Duke of Tyrol and wife of her cousin Emperor Matthias2 who was 28 years older than she was. She provided in her will of 1617 for the establishment of a crypt for her and her husband in a Capuchin's Church to be built in Vienna, and died only one year later, at age 33 after seven years of a childless marriage. Her heart is buried in urn 1 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche. Her intestines are buried in urn 17 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
Leopold's Vault

The Leopoldsgruft was built under the nave of the church above, beginning in 1657 by Emperor Leopold I,37 following the edict of his father Emperor Ferdinand III27 that the hereditary burial place of the imperial family would be in this church. Considering that Leopold contributed his three wives and 16 of his children—plus himself—to the population of the crypt, it was inevitable that other vaults would be needed soon.

Children's Columbarium

Turning to the left of the gates to the Founders’ Vault, in the thick east foundation wall of the church are twelve longitudinal recessed niches built in the 1960s containing sarcophagi of 12 children. The coffins had previously been in either the Founders’ Vault or the main hall of this vault, but were generally in poor condition and have now been placed into identical cases. No markings or documentation identifies which child lies in which coffin, but those buried in these niches are:

Four children of Emperor Ferdinand III27:

  • 3 Archduke Maximilian Thomas (1638 - 1639) →Family Tree Infant son of Emperor Ferdinand III27 and Empress Maria Anna.22
  • 4 Archduke Philipp August (1637 - 1639) →Family Tree Two-year old son of Emperor Ferdinand III27 and Empress Maria Anna.22
  • 5 Archduchess Theresia Maria (1652 - 1653) →Family Tree Infant daughter of Emperor Ferdinand III27 and Empress Eleonora.19
  • 6 Archduke Ferdinand Josef (1657 - 1658) →Family Tree Infant son of Emperor Ferdinand III27 and Empress Eleonora.19 His viscera are buried in urn 22 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.

Seven children of Emperor Leopold I37:

  • 7 Archduke Ferdinand Wenzel (1667 - 1668) →Family Tree Infant son of Emperor Leopold I37 and Empress Margarita Teresa.20 His intestines are buried in urn 25 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 8 Archduke Johann Leopold (1670) →Family Tree Infant son of Emperor Leopold I37 and Empress Margarita Teresa.20 His intestines are buried in urn 27 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 10 Archduchess Maria Anna (1672) →Family Tree Infant daughter of Emperor Leopold I37 and Empress Margarita Teresa.20 Her intestines are buried in urn 28 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 11 Archduchess Anna Maria Sophia (1674) →Family Tree Infant daughter of Emperor Leopold I37 and Empress Claudia Felicitas.24 Her viscera are buried in urn 30 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 12 Archduchess Maria Josepha (1675 - 1676) →Family Tree Infant daughter of Emperor Leopold I37 and Empress Claudia Felicitas.24 Her heart is in a gold and silver urn atop her mother's sarcophagus in the Dominican Church. Her viscera are buried in urn 32 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 13 Archduchess Christina (1679) →Family Tree Infant daughter of Emperor Leopold I37 and Empress Eleonora Magdelena.32
  • 14 Archduchess Maria Margareta (1690 - 1691) →Family Tree Infant daughter of Emperor Leopold I37 and Empress Eleonora Magdelena.32 Her heart is buried in urn 34, and her viscera in urn 35, in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.

Grandson of Emperor Ferdinand III27:

  • 15 Unnamed (1686) →Family Tree Son of Johann Wilhelm of Pfalz-Neuberg and Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha.17
Main Hall

In front of the Children's Columbarium:

  • 9 (Urn containing the heart of) Queen Maria Anna of Portugal (9 July 1683 - 14 August 1754) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold I.37 Her body is in the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon, beside her husband John V of Portugal.

Proceeding along the north wall, east-to-west:

  • 16 Archduchess Maria Josepha (1687 - 1703) →Family Tree Sixteen year-old daughter of Emperor Leopold I.37 Her heart is buried in urn 10 the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche, and her viscera are buried in urn 40 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 17 Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha (20 December 1654 - 4 April 1689) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Ferdinand III.27 Wife of Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine.
  • 18 Queen Eleonora Maria of Poland (21 May 1653 - 17 December 1697) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Ferdinand III.27 Wife of Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland, then of Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, by whom she became grandmother of the two brothers who married Empress Maria Theresia56 and her sister.39
  • 19 Empress Eleonora Magdalena (18 November 1630 - 6 December 1686) →Family Tree Third wife of Emperor Ferdinand III.27 Foundress of the Order of the Starry Cross (the Sternkreuzorden). Her heart is buried in urn 7 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and her viscera are buried in urn 33 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 20 Empress Margarita Teresa (12 August 1651 - 12 March 1673) →Family Tree Niece and first wife of Emperor Leopold I37 at age 15. She is the blonde princess depicted in the Spanish painter Diego Velázquez' masterpiece Las Meninas ("The Maids of Honor", 1656), where she is surrounded by her ladies-in-waiting and other persons of the Spanish court. Her 21 year-old heart is buried in urn 6 the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and her viscera are buried in urn 29 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 21 Empress Maria Leopoldina (6 April 1632 - 7 August 1649) →Family Tree Second wife of Emperor Ferdinand III.27 Married at age 16, died in childbirth of Archduke Karl Joseph116 the next year.
  • 22 Empress Maria Anna (18 August 1606 - 13 May 1646) →Family Tree Born Infanta of Spain, first wife of Emperor Ferdinand III.27
  • 23 Archduchess Maria Amalia (5 April 1724 - 19 April 1730) →Family Tree Six-year old youngest daughter of Emperor Karl VI.40 Her viscera are buried in urn 45 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 24 (Urn containing the heart of) Empress Claudia Felicitas (30 May 1653 - 8 April 1676) →Family Tree Second wife of Emperor Leopold I.37 Her body, by her own request, is dressed in the habit of a Dominican nun and is entombed beside her mother in the Dominican Church. Her viscera are buried in urn 31 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.

Proceeding along the south wall, east-to-west:

  • 25 Archduchess Maria Theresia (1684 - 1696) →Family Tree Twelve-year old daughter of Emperor Leopold I.37 Her heart is buried in urn 9 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and her viscera are buried in urn 37 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 26 Archduke Leopold Joseph (1682 - 1684) →Family Tree Son of Emperor Leopold I.37 His sarcophagus is normal sized although he was only two years old when he died.
  • 27 Emperor Ferdinand III (13 July 1608 - 2 April 1657) →Family Tree Third son of Emperor Ferdinand II.x578→Family Tree Nine of his children are buried here. His viscera are buried in urn 21 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 28 Archduchess Maria Antonia (18 January 1669 - 24 December 1692) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold I37 and wife of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria. Her heart is buried in urn 8 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and her viscera are buried in urn 36 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 29 King Ferdinand IV of the Romans (8 September 1633 - 9 July 1654) →Family Tree Eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand III.27 His heart is buried in urn 4 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and his viscera are buried in urn 20 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom. He established the tradition of burial of different parts in three separate Vienna churches.
  • 30 Archduke Leopold Johann (13 April 1716 - 4 November 1716) →Family Tree Six-month old only son of Emperor Karl VI.40 His death later led to the War of the Austrian Succession because his father had no other male heirs. His heart is buried in urn 43, and his viscera in urn 44, in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 31 Archduchess Maria Magdalena (26 March 1689 - 1 May 1743) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold I.37
  • 32 Empress Eleonora Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg (6 January 1655 - 19 January 1720) →Family Tree Third wife of Emperor Leopold I.37
Karl's Vault

The first part of the Karlsgruft was built in 1710 by Emperor Joseph I.35 In 1720 it was extended by Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt on the orders of Emperor Karl VI40 and shelters 8 containers:

Proceeding along the south wall, from left to right:

  • 37 Emperor Leopold I (9 June 1640 - 5 May 1705) →Family Tree Second son of Emperor Ferdinand III27 and father of Emperors Joseph I35 and Karl VI.40 He repelled an effort by the Muslims to conquer Europe at the Second Siege of Vienna. He built the Leopold's Wing of the Hofburg, used today as the offices of the president of Austria. He can be seen sculpted, kneeling prayer for the end of the plague epidemic, on the plague column (Pestsäule) in Vienna. Died at age 65 after a reign of 48 years. His three wives and 16 of his children are buried here. His heart is buried in urn 11 the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and his viscera are in urn 41 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 38 Archduchess Maria Elisabeth (1680 - 1741) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold I.37 Unmarried, she was appointed governor of the Austrian Netherlands in her own right and when she died at age 69, was originally buried in Brussels but was transferred here 8 years later. Her heart is buried in urn 14 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and her viscera are in urn 51 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 39 Archduchess Maria Anna (14 September 1718 - 16 December 1744) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Karl VI.40 and sister of Empress Maria Theresia.56 She married Charles of Lorraine, brother of Maria Theresia's husband, Emperor Franz I Stephen.55 They were joint governors of the Austrian Netherlands. She died in Brussels at age 24 whence her body was transferred at her sister's order. Her heart is buried in urn 15 in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and her viscera are in urn 52 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 40 Emperor Karl VI (1 October 1685 - 20 October 1740) →Family Tree Younger son of Emperor Leopold I.37 Raised in Spain in preparation to inherit the Spanish throne upon the death of his childless cousin, the War of the Spanish Succession ended when Karl unexpectedly inherited the Empire upon his brother Joseph's35 early death and no one wanted to allow the dominance that would come from empowering Karl with both realms. Moving to Vienna, he brought the Spanish Riding School with him and built the magnificent hall it uses today. Because he had no surviving male heirs,30 he negotiated the Pragmatic Sanction to assure that his daughter Maria Theresia56 would succeed him, going so far as to pre-bribe the nine Electors but, of course, once he died they ignored their promises but kept the money, resulting in the War of the Austrian Succession. He died after a reign of 29 years, at age 55 after catching a cold while hunting. His heart is buried in urn 13 the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and his viscera are in urn 48 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.

His tomb is one of the most remarkable, with a death's head at each corner wearing one of the distinctive crowns of his major realms (the Empire, Bohemia, Hungary, and Austria).

The empty plaza at the west third of this vault was used as the area for reception ceremonies when new bodies were brought in after the funeral ceremonies upstairs.

Returning along the north wall, from left to right:

  • 36 Empress Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (28 August 1691 - 21 December 1750) →Family Tree Wife (1708) of Emperor Karl VI40 and mother of Empress Maria Theresa.56 Died at age 59 of heart failure brought on by corpulence and rheumatism. Her sarcophagus is the earliest by Balthasar Ferdinand Moll. Her heart is buried in urn 17 the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and her viscera are buried in urn 53 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 35 Emperor Joseph I (1678 - 1711) →Family Tree Son of Emperor Leopold I.37 Allied with the British during the War of the Spanish Succession where his great general Eugene of Savoy worked with the Duke of Marlborough to prevent the throne of Spain going to the French. With no surviving son,33 he died of the black pox at age 33 after a reign of 6 years. The heart of his wife34 is nearby. His heart is buried in urn 12 the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and his viscera are buried separately in urn 42 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 34 (Urn containing the heart of ) Empress Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick (21 April 1673 - 10 April 1742) →Family Tree Wife (1699) of Emperor Joseph I.35 The wing of the Hofburg in which she had living space during her widowhood is named after her, but she founded the Salesian Cloister in Vienna 1712 to educate young women and spent much of her time there. She died of edema at age 69. Her body lies dressed in a nun's habit entombed in a simple stone sarcophagus below the high altar in the Salesian Cloister in Vienna.
  • 33 Archduke Leopold Joseph (1700 - 1701) →Family Tree Infant son of Emperor Joseph I.35 Died of hydrocephalus. His viscera are buried in urn 38 in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
Maria Theresa's Vault

The three vaults of the Imperial Crypt held 44 bodies plus urns containing the hearts of two other persons when Empress Maria Theresa56 started construction of the Maria Theresien Gruft in 1754. It is behind the church above, with its dome rising into the monastery courtyard and contains the tombs of 16 persons:

In the entrance archway:

  • 42 Emperor Joseph II (Schönbrunn 13 March 1741 - Vienna 20 February 1790 →Family Tree Son of Empress Maria Theresa.56 A populist who became known as "the people's emperor," he initiated many reforms (including a prohibition on embalming and elaborate burials), many of which he repudiated in disillusionment shortly before his death. In keeping with his edict, his body is unembalmed and intact within a simple copper tomb. He died shortly before his 49th birthday after an official reign of 10 years. His equestrian statue in the Josefsplatz of the Hofburg palace is where Harry Lime's auto accident occurs in The Third Man. His two wives and two children are buried in this Vault.

In the small chamber immediately north of Emperor Joseph II42:

  • 41 Countess Karoline von Fuchs-Mollard (January 1, 1681 - April 27, 1754) →Family Tree Long-time family retainer and governess to Empress Maria Theresia,56 her sisters2339 and her children. The inscription of gratitude on the lid of her sarcopagus is signed by Empress Maria Theresa,56 who ordered her burial with the imperial family (although she had no direct blood or matrimonial connection to the Habsburgs) when she died at age 73.

In the center of the vault, from left to right:

  • 56 Empress Maria Theresa (13 May 1717 - 29 November 1780) →Family Tree Eldest surviving descendant of Emperor Karl VI,40→Family Tree her ascension was contested and officially the crown of the Empire went to her husband (1736) Emperor Franz I Stephen.55 Dying at age 63, her forty years' reign is thought of by the Austrians as the British think of Queen Victoria: the golden years of power, prestige and empire. A prominent statue of her enthroned and surrounded by her ministers is a landmark at the entrance to the Museumsplatz. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 55 Emperor Franz I Stephen (Lunéville 8 December 1708 - Innsbruck 18 August 1765) →Family Tree Duke of Lorraine and Grand Duke of Tuscany. Husband of Empress Maria Theresa,56 he died at age 56 after nominally being Emperor for 25 years. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.

This double tomb of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I Stephen, sculpted by Balthasar Ferdinand Moll is of particular artistic merit and is probably the most glorious in terms of design.

In the small chamber immediately south of Emperor Joseph II42:

  • 43 Archduchess Maria Karolina (September 17, 1748 - September 17, 1748) →Family Tree Still-born daughter of Emperor Franz I Stephen55 and Empress Maria Theresa.

Along the south wall, young children of Emperor Franz I Stephen55 and Empress Maria Theresa.56 From left to right:

  • 44 Archduke Karl Joseph Emanuel Johann Nepomuck Anton Prokop (February 1, 1745 - January 18, 1761) →Family Tree Second son of Emperor Franz I Stephen55 and Empress Maria Theresa. Died of small pox shortly before his 16th birthday. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 45 Archduchess Marie Johanna Gabriele Josephe Antonie (February 4, 1750 - December 23, 1762 →Family Tree Eighth daughter of Emperor Franz I Stephen55 and Empress Maria Theresa.56 Died of small pox at age 12. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 46 Archduchess Marie Josephe Gabriele Johanna Antonie Anna (March 19, 1751 - October 15, 1767) →Family Tree Ninth daughter of Emperor Franz I55 and Empress Maria Theresa.56 Unhappy with the marriage arranged for her, she died of small pox the day before her wedding, at age 16.

At the southwest bend:

  • 47 Unnamed princess (1744) →Family Tree Daughter of Prince Charles of Lorraine and Archduchess Maria Anna39 (sister of Empress Maria Theresa56).

Along the west wall, mainly the family of Emperor Joseph II.42 From left to right:

  • 48 Archduchess Marie Elisabeth Amalie Antonie Josephe Gabriele Johanna Agathe (February 5, 1737 - June 7, 1740) →Family Tree Three-years old, eldest daughter of Emperor Franz I Stephen55 and Empress Maria Theresa.56 Her intestines are buried separately in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 49 Empress Maria Josepha of Bavaria (March 30, 1739 - May 28, 1767) →Family Tree Second wife (1765) of Emperor Joseph II.42 She was the daughter of the only non-Habsburg Emperor since 1438, Karl VII of Bavaria and his wife, a daughter of Emperor Joseph I.35 Especially because of the unusually potent form of small pox of which she died at age 28, her body was not embalmed but immediately placed intact into her coffin. Her husband of 2 years had not developed a regard for her, and did not attend her funeral.
  • 50 Archduchess Princess Isabella Maria of Parma (31 December 1741 - 27 November 1763) →Family Tree First wife (1760) of Emperor Joseph II.42 Daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma (1720 - 1765) (brother of King Philip V of Spain) and Princess Marie Louise Élisabeth of France (14 August 1727 - 6 December 1759) (daughter of King Louis XV of France). Greatly beloved by her husband, at age 21 she contracted small pox during her second pregnancy and died 5 days after giving birth to a still born daughter.51 Under her husband's orders, her body was buried whole and unembalmed.
  • 51 Archduchess Christina (November 22, 1763 - November 22, 1763) →Family Tree Still-born second daughter of Emperor Joseph II42 and his first wife Archduchess Isabella.50 Her tomb rests beneath that of her mother.50
  • 52 Archduchess Maria Theresia (March 20, 1762 - January 23, 1770) →Family Tree Eldest daughter of Emperor Joseph II42 and his first wife Archduchess Isabella.50 Died at almost 8 years of age.
  • 53 Archduchess Marie Caroline Ernestine Antonie Johanna Josephe (January 12, 1740 - January 25, 1741) →Family Tree Third daughter of Emperor Franz I Stephen55 and Empress Maria Theresa.56 Died at age 1 year. Her intestines are buried separately in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.

Beside the entrance to Franz’s Vault on the north wall:

  • 54 Duchess Christina of Saxony-Teschen (May 16, 1767 - May 17, 1767) →Family Tree Infant, only child of Duke Albert of Saxony-Teschen111 and Archduchess Maria Christina.112
Franz's Vault

In 1824 the four vaults of the Imperial Crypt held 78 bodies and urns containing the hearts of three other persons. In that year Emperor Franz II57 built the octagonal Franzensgruft, attaching it to the right wing of Maria Theresa’s Vault. It is in the Biedermeier style, as are the five tombs within it.

In the center:

  • 57 Emperor Franz II (Florence 12 February 1768 - Vienna 2 March 1835) →Family Tree Eldest son of Emperor Leopold II.113→Family Tree He was emperor during the times of Napoleon Bonaparte and Ludwig van Beethoven. He changed crowns from Franz II of the Holy Roman Empire to Franz I of theAustrian Empire in mid-reign, and thus is often denoted as Franz II/I. The full-size crown atop his tomb is that of the Austrian Empire. He died at age 67 after a reign of 43 years. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche. His statue, dressed as a Roman emperor, stands in the main courtyard of the Hofburg palace.

In the corners, clockwise starting from the near left (south west) corner:

  • 59 Empress Elisabeth Wilhelmine von Württemberg-Mömpelgard (Treptow 21 April 1767 - Vienna 18 February 1790) →Family Tree First wife (1788) of Emperor Franz II.57 She died at age 22 a day after giving birth to Ludovika Elisabeth Franziska.66
  • 60 Empress Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (Naples 6 June 1772 - Vienna 13 April 1807) →Family TreeSecond wife (1790) at age 18 of Emperor Franz II.57 Mother of Empress Maria Louise127 (second wife of Napoleon), Emperor Ferdinand,62 and all subsequent children of her husband. Because her mother107 was a sister of her husband's father113 the couple were first cousins. →Family Tree (ancestors) She died at age 34 of tuburcular pleurisy just days after giving premature birth to Amalia Therese.96 Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 61 Empress Caroline Augusta of Bavaria (Mannheim 8 February 1792 - Vienna 9 February 1873) →Family Tree Fourth wife (1816) of Emperor Franz II.57 Died the day after her 81st birthday, having survived her husband by 38 years and two reigns.
  • 58 Empress Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este (Monza 14 December 1787 - Verona 7 April 1816) →Family Tree Third wife (1808) at age 20 of 40-year old cousin Emperor Franz II,57 she contracted tuberculosis shortly after their wedding, suffering from it for the eight years of marriage before dying at age 28. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.

Until 1940, this vault also held the body of a grandson of Emperor Franz II,57Franz Joseph Karl, Duke of Reichstadtx811 (1811 - 1832). →Family Tree Adolf Hitler ordered that the body be sent to France where it now rests in Les Invalides in Paris near the body of his father, Napoléon Bonaparte. His heart is still buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.

Through the doorway in the west wall to the left is the south part of the Tuscan Vault. In the east wall is the west entrance to the Crypt Chapel. The north wall opens into Ferdinand’s Vault.

Ferdinand's Vault

The Ferdinandsgruft was built in 1842, along with the Tuscan Vault, in conjunction with the reconstruction of the monastery above. Although the visitor sees an almost-empty room with only two sarcophagi, this vault actually contains one-fourth of the Imperial Crypt's entire population, walled-up into the corner piers.

Skip ahead to tombs: 64-72, 73-79, 80-87, 88-100

Main Hall
  • 62 Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria (1793 - 1875) →Family Tree Son of Emperor Franz II.57 His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 63 Empress Maria Anna (1803 - 1884) →Family Tree Born Princess of Savoy, wife of Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria.62
Within the southwest pier:

Nine tombs, mostly of youths:

  • 64 Archduke Alexander Leopold Johann Joseph, Palatine of Hungary (Poggio Imperiale 14 August 1772 - Laxenburg 12 July 1795) →Family Tree Fourth son of Emperor Leopold II113 and Empress Maria Ludovika.114 Died at 13. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 65 Archduchess Maria Amalia Josephe Johanna Katharina Theresia (Florence 15 October 1780 - Vienna 25 December 1798) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Leopold II113 and Empress Maria Ludovika.114 Died at 18. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 66 Archduchess Louise Elisabeth (Vienna 18 February 1790 - Vienna 24 June 1791) →Family Tree Infant first daughter of Emperor Franz II57 and Empress Maria Theresia.60 Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 67 Archduchess Maria Eleonore of Austria-Teschen (Groß-Seelowitz 19 November 1864 - Groß-Seelowitz 9 December 1864) →Family Tree Infant second daughter of Archduke Karl Ferdinand.121
  • 68 Archduke Franz Joseph of Austria-Teschen (Groß-Seelowitz 5 March 1855 - Groß-Seelowitz 13 March 1855) →Family Tree Infant first son of Archduke Karl Ferdinand.121 His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 69 Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold (Vienna 9 April 1799 - Laxenburg 30 June 1807) →Family Tree Second son of Emperor Franz II57 and Empress Maria Theresia.60 Died at 8. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 70 Archduke Leopold Ludwig Maria Franz Julius Eustorgius Gerhard (Milan 6 June 1823 - Hörnstein 24 May 1898) →Family Tree First son of Archduke Rainerx783 and Elisabeth of Savoy. Died at 75.
  • 71 Archduke Johann Nepomuk Karl (Vienna 29 August 1805 - Vienna 19 February 1809) →Family Tree Fourth son of Emperor Franz II57 and Empress Maria Theresia.60 Died at 4. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 72 Archduke Robert Ferdinand Salvator (Salzburg 15 October 1885 - Salzburg 2 August 1895) →Family Tree Ten-years old, last of the 11 children of Grand Duke Ferdinand IV of Tuscany108 and Alicia Bourbon-Parma.
Within the southeast pier:
  • 73 Archduchess Maria Antonia (1858 - 1883) →Family Tree Daughter of Grand Duke Ferdinand IV of Tuscany.108 Died at 25.
  • 74 Archduchess Maria Anna (1835 - 1840) →Family Tree Daughter of Archduke Franz Karl135 and Sophie of Bavaria,137 sister of Emperor Franz Joseph142 Died at 5.
  • 75 Archduchess Maria Carolina (1821 - 1844) →Family Tree Daughter of Archduke Rainerx783 and Princess Elisabeth of Savoy. Died at 23.
  • 76 Archduke Ferdinand Salvator (1888 - 1891) →Family Tree Son of Archduke Karl Salvator90 and Maria Immakulata.89 Died at 3.
  • 77 Archduke Rainer Salvator (1880 - 1889) →Family Tree Son of Archduke Karl Salvator90 and Maria Immakulata.89 Died at 9.
  • 78 Archduchess Sophie Friederike (1855 - 1857) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Franz Joseph142 and Empress Elisabeth (Sisi)143 Died at 2.
  • 79 Archduchess Karoline Ferdinanda (1793 - 1802) →Family Tree Daughter of Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscanyx769 and Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa of Naples.84a Died at 9. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
Within the northwest pier:

Eight tombs, containing 9 bodies:

  • 80 Archduchess Natalie Maria Theresia (Preßburg 12 January 1884 - Preßburg 23 March 1898) →Family Tree Fourth daughter of Archduke Friedrich of Teschen (second son of Archduke Karl Ferdinand121) and Princess Isabella of Croy-Dülmen. Died at 14.
  • 81 Archduchess Stephanie Maria Isabelle (Preßburg 1 May 1886 - Ostend 29 August 1890) →Family Tree Fifth daughter of Archduke Friedrich of Teschen (second son of Archduke Karl Ferdinand121) and Princess Isabella von Croy-Dülmen. Died at 4.
  • 82 Archduchess Maria Anna (Vienna 8 June 1804 - Baden bei Wien 28 December 1858) →Family Tree Unmarried 54-year old daughter of Emperor Franz II57 and Maria Teresia60. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 83 Archduchess Maria Caroline Luise Christine (10 September 1825 - 17 July 1915) →Family Tree Daughter of Archduke Karl.122 Wife (21 February 1852) of Archduke Ranier.110 Died at age 89.
  • 84a Grand Duchess Maria Luisa (Naples 27 July 1773 - Vienna 19 September 1802) →Family Tree Died in childbirth84b at 29. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche. Daughter of Queen Maria Karolina of Naples and Sicily.107 First wife (1790) of Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany.x769→Family Tree
  • 84b Unnamed (1802) →Family Tree Infant son of Maria Luisa.84a Both died during his birth and are buried in the same coffin.
  • 85 Grand Duchess Maria Antonietta Anna of the Two Sicilies (Palermo 19 December 1814 - Orth 7 November 1898) →Family Tree Second wife (1833) of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.109 Died shortly before her 84th birthday.
  • 86 Grand Duchess Maria Anna of Saxony (Dresden 27 April 1796 - Schloß Brandeis, Bohemia 3 January 1865) →Family Tree Second wife (6 May 1821) of Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany.x769 Died at age 68. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 87 Archduchess Caroline Ludovika Leopoldine (Vienna 9 December 1795 - Schloß Hetzendorf 30 June 1799) →Family Tree Fourth daughter of Emperor Franz II57 and Maria Theresia.60 Died at 3. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
Within the northeast pier:

Thirteen tombs, principally members of the Tuscan line:

  • 88 Archduke Albrecht Salvator Marie Joseph Ferdinand Karl Anton Johannes Xaver Aloys Rainer Klemens Roman (Alt-Bunzlau 22 November 1871 - Bolzano 27 February 1896) →Family Tree Son of Archduke Karl Salvator90 and Maria Immakulata.89 Died at 24.
  • 89 Archduchess Maria Immakulata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Naples 14 April 1844 - Vienna 18 February 1899) →Family Tree Wife of Archduke Karl Salvator.90 Died at age 54.
  • 90 Archduke Karl Salvator Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Filippo Jacopo Gennaro Lodovico Gonzaga Raniero (Florence 30 April 1839 - Vienna 18 January 1892) →Family Tree Son of Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany.109 Among his sons was Franz Salvator, who married Marie Valerie, a daughter of Emperor Franz Joseph.142 Died at 52.
  • 91 (Urn containing the cremated remains of) Archduke Leopold Maria Alphons Blanka Karl Anton Beatrix Michael Joseph Peter Ignatz (Agram 30 January 1897 - Mansfield, Connecticut 14 March 1958) →Family Tree Second son of Archduke Leopold Salvator.132 Naturalized in the USA as Leopold Lorraine in 1953. Died at 61. Married morganatically.
  • 92 Archduchess Maria Antonia Immakulata Josepha Ferdinanda Theresia Leopoldine Franziska Karoline Isabella Januaria Luise Christine Appolonie (Vienna 18 April 1874 - Arco 14 January 1891) →Family Tree Daughter of Archduke Karl Salvator90 and Maria Immakulata.89
  • 93 Archduke Ernst Karl Felix Maria Rainer Gottfried Cyriak (Milan 8 August 1824 - Arco 4 April 1899) →Family Tree Son of Archduke Rainerx783 and Princess Elisabeth of Savoy. Married morganatically and his children bore the surname von Wallburg.
  • 94 Archduchess Adelgunde of Bavaria (1823 - 1914) →Family Tree Wife of Archduke Franz V of Austria-Este, Duke of Modena.101 Daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and sister of Hildegard of Bavaria.129
  • 95 Archduchess Maria Karoline Leopoldine Franziska Theresia Josepha Medarde (Vienna 8 June 1794 - Vienna 16 March 1795) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Franz II57 and Maria Theresia.60 Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 96 Archduchess Amalia Therese (Vienna 6 April 1807 - 9 April 1807) →Family Tree Three-day old daughter of Emperor Franz II57 and Maria Theresia.60
  • 97 Archduchess Henriette Maria Immakulata Adelgunde Josepha Ferdinande Theresia Leopoldine Franziska Karoline Isabella Januaria Luise Christine Eleonore (Vienna 20 February 1884 - Traunkirchen 13 August 1886) →Family Tree Daughter of Archduke Karl Salvator90 and Maria Immakulata.89
  • 98 Archduke Ludwig Salvator Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Dominicus Raineri Ferdinando Carl Zenobius Antonin (Florence 4 August 1847 - Schloß Brandeis 12 October 1915) →Family Tree Son of Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany.109 Sociologist and traveler of the Mediterranean. Memorial website (in German).
  • 99 Infanta Maria Theresia of Portugal (Kleinheubach 24 August 1855 - Vienna 12 February 1944) →Family Tree At age 18 she became the third wife (1873) of the twice-widowed Archduke Karl Ludwig138 who was 22 years older, and she survived him by 48 years. For the seven years after the death of Crown Prince Rudolf144 her husband was the heir-apparent and she undertook many of the representional duties neglected by the ever-travelling Empress Elisabeth ("Sissi")143 until her married stepson Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Estex863 became the heir-apparent. During World War I she worked as a nurse, and accompanied the last emperor, Karl Ix887 into exile on Madeira but returned to spend her old age in Vienna.
  • 100 Archduke Joseph Ferdinand Salvator Maria Franz Leopold Anton Albert Johann Baptist Karl Ludwig Rupert Maria Auxilatrix (Salzburg 24 May 1872 - Vienna 25 August 1942) →Family Tree Second son of Archduke Ferdinand IV of Tuscany.108 Like his cousin Archduke Leopold Salvator132 he had an interest in ballooning, and once flew his balloon from Linz to Dieppe in only 16 hours. His interest in things aeronautical had brought him into contact with the future head of the German air force, Hermann Goering, who later used his influence to free the Archduke from the German concentration camp at Dachau in 1938 after only 80 days there. Had issue from two morganatic marriages.
The Tuscan Vault

The Toscanagruft was built in 1842, along with Ferdinand’s Vault. At that time there were 85 bodies plus the heart urns of three other persons in the five vaults of the crypt.

The Tuscan Vault once held many more than the present 14 tombs, but most were moved to the New Vault or enclosed within the piers of Ferdinand’s Vault during the major rearrangement of 1960. The 5-meter wide vault is very large, being 21 meters long, and extends along the entire western lengths of both Ferdinand's Vault and Franz’s Vault, ending only when it meets the outside wall of the west transept of Maria Theresia's Vault.

This vault takes its name from the many descendants of the younger sons of Emperor Leopold II,113 as Grand Duke of Tuscany, who are entombed here.

Note: the arrangement of tombs listed below was accurate before the 2003 renovation, but they have been rearranged since then.

In the archway from Ferdinand’s Vault, from left to right:

  • 111 Duke Albert of Saxony-Teschen (11 July 1738 - 10 February 1822) →Family Tree Husband of Archduchess Maria Christina.112 The Albertina museum, in his former palace, is named for him because his collection of paintings formed the nucleus of the museum. After the early death of their only child,54 the couple became the adoptive parents of Archduke Karl,122 the victor of Aspern. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 112 Archduchess Maria Christina Johanna Josephe Antonie ("Mimi") (3 May 1742 - 24 June 1798) →Family Tree Favorite daughter of Empress Maria Theresia.56 Her mother stalled arranged marriages until after the death of her father, Emperor Franz I Stephen,55 so that Maria Christina could marry for love instead of reasons of state—the only child allowed to do so. She chose Duke Albert of Teschen.111 The famous and moving monument he erected to her memory is in the Augustinerkirche. She died of Typhus at age 56. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 113 Emperor Leopold II (1747 - 1792) →Family Tree Third son of Empress Maria Theresia.56→Family Tree Most of his career was spent in Florence, reforming the governance there as Grand Duke of Tuscany, and only his final two years were as Emperor. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 114 Empress Maria Ludovika (24 November 1745 - 15 May 1792) →Family Tree Originally contracted to marry Empress Maria Theresia's56 second son, Archduke Karl Joseph,44 his early death diverted her instead to the third son, who later became Emperor Leopold II.113 In the course of 21 years, she bore her not-always-faithful husband 16 children, among them Emperor Franz II,57 and Archduke Karl122 the victor of Aspern. Grieving for her husband, she outlived him by only two months leaving many small children. Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.

Behind them, from left to right:

  • 105 Archduke Ferdinand Karl Anton Joseph Johann Stanislaus (1 June 1754 - 24 December 1806) →Family Tree Fourth son of Empress Maria Theresia.56 Governor of Lombardy and, later, the Austrian Netherlands. Founder of the House of Austria-Este.102, x779 His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 106 Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Este (7 April 1750 - 14 November 1829) →Family Tree Wife of Archduke Ferdinand Karl Anton.105
  • 107 Queen Maria Carolina of Naples and Sicily 1752 - 1814) →Family Tree Daughter of Empress Maria Theresia.56 Wife of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. Almost everyone buried in the Imperial Crypt who was born after 1765 is a descendant of her or her brother Emperor Leopold II.113 Her heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.

To the right of the archway, along the north wall, from left to right:

  • 108 Archduke Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany Salvatore Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Francesco Lodovico Gonzaga Raffaele Ranerio Gennaro (1835 - 1908) →Family Tree Son of Archduke Leopold II,109 Grand Duke of Tuscany. Married (1856) Anne of Saxony (Dresden 4 January 1836 - Naples 10 February 1859), then (1868) Alicia of Bourbon-Parma (Parma 27 December 1849 - Schwertberg 16 January 1935). Lost his throne, 9 months after his father109 had abdicated it to him, when Tuscany was annexed to Italy in 1860.
  • 109 Archduke Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (3 October 1797 - 29 January 1870) →Family Tree Son of Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany.x769 Abdicated his throne in 1859 in favor of his son.108
  • 110 Archduke Rainer Ferdinand Maria Johann Evangelist Franz Ignaz (11 January 1827 - 27 January 1913) →Family Tree Son of Archduke Rainer.x783 Married Archduchess Marie Karoline.83 A major ancient manuscript collector, his 100,000-piece collection is the nucleus of the Papyrus Museum of the Austrian National Library.

To the left of the archway, along the west wall, from left to right:

  • 102 Archduke Ferdinand Karl of Austria-Este (1781 - 1850) →Family Tree Son of Archduke Ferdinand Karl Anton.105 Military commander during the Napoleonic Wars. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 103 Archduke Anton Viktor (31 August 1779 - 2 April 1835) →Family Tree Eighth son of Emperor Leopold II.113 Last Grand Master of the Order of Teutonic Knights before Napoleon suppressed it outside of the Habsburg lands. It still functions today, as a religious order operating charitable hospitals in Europe. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 104 Archduke Ludwig Joseph (13 December 1784 - 21 December 1864) →Family Tree Eleventh son of Emperor Leopold II.113 Promoter of industrialization in Austria after studying its success in England. Member of the Council of State that exercised power during the reign of the feeble-minded Emperor Ferdinand62 of Austria. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.

In front of them, along the east wall:

  • 101 Archduke Franz V of Austria-Este, Duke of Modena (1819 - 1875) →Family Tree Son of Franz IV of Austria-Este.x779 After the death of his mother Maria Beatrice of Savoy in 1840, he was considered the legitimate heir to the British throne by Jacobites. He was the last reigning Duke of Modena, which was forcibly incorporated into the new Kingdom of Italy in 1860. Having no surviving descendant, he left most of his huge estate to his ill-fated cousin Archduke Franz Ferdinand,x863 who subsequently used the title Archduke of Austria-Este. The art collection of his now-extinct branch, accumulated over centuries, is now in the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
The New Vault

The Neue Gruft was built between 1960 and 1962 under the monastery grounds as a 280 square meter enlargement to eliminate the overcrowded jumble of 140 bodies (plus cremation and heart urns of four other persons) in the other nine vaults, and to provide a climate-controlled environment to protect the metal sarcophagi from further deterioration. Its stark concrete walls evoke the solemnity of death. The New Vault is entered from Ferdinand’s Vault, and exits into the back of Franz Joseph’s Vault. It contains 26 sarcophagi:

Skip ahead to tombs: 115-119, 120-126, 127, 128-134, 135-141

West Wall

To the left of the entrance, proceeding along the west wall from south to north, the "Bishops Row":

  • 115 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm (6 April 1614 - 20 November 1662) →Family Tree Son of Emperor Ferdinand II.x578 Named at age 13 to take over his uncle Leopold's renounced see at Halberstaedt (when he became 22, this was confirmed by the Pope) and later became also Bishop of Olomouc, Bishop of Breslau, and Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche and his intestines are buried separately in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 116 Archduke Karl Joseph (7 August 1649 - 27 January 1664) →Family Tree Son of Emperor Ferdinand III27 and Empress Maria Leopoldina,21 who died during his birth. Bishop of Olomouc and Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights at age 13 as heir to his uncle, Archduke Leopold Wilhelm.115 The art collection he inherited from Archduke Leopold Wilhelm115 became the foundation of the Kunsthistorisches Museum. Died at age 15. His intestines are buried separately in the Ducal Crypt of the Stephansdom.
  • 117 Karl Joseph of Lorraine (1680 - 1715) →Family Tree Son of Archduchess Eleonora Maria18 and Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine. Archbishop of Trier. Uncle of Emperor Franz I Stephen,55 the husband of Empress Maria Theresia.56 He died unexpectedly of smallpox while visiting Vienna and, not being a Habsburg in the male line nor married to one, was originally buried in the Minoritenkirche but was brought here the next year.
  • 118 Archduke Maximilian Franz (8 December 1756 - 26 July 1801) →Family Tree Youngest son of Empress Maria Theresia.56 Archbishop of Cologne. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 119 Archduke Rudolph (8 January 1788 - 24 July 1831) →Family Tree Youngest son of Emperor Leopold II.113 Cardinal and Archbishop of Olomouc. A piano pupil of Ludwig van Beethoven, Beethoven dedicated 14 compositions to him, including the Archduke Trio and his great Missa Solemnis. He, in turn, dedicated one of his own compositions to Beethoven.
South Wall

Along the south wall:

  • 127 Empress Maria Louise (1791 - 1847) →Family Tree Daughter of Emperor Franz II.57 Empress of France as second wife of Napoléon Bonaparte, later Duchess of Parma in her own right.
North Wall

Proceeding along the north wall, from west to east, the first ledge contains the immediate family of Archduke Karl122 the victor of Aspern:

  • 120 Archduke Wilhelm Franz Karl (21 April 1827 - 29 July 1894) →Family Tree Youngest son of Archduke Karl.122 Became Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights.
  • 121 Archduke Karl Ferdinand (1818 - 1874) →Family Tree Son of Archduke Karl.122
  • 122 Archduke Karl "the victor of Aspern" (1771 - 1847) →Family Tree Duke of Teschen, third son of Emperor Leopold II.113 He was adopted by the childless Albert of Saxony-Teschen111 and Archduchess Maria Christina.112 A statue of him on horseback, holding the regimental colors aloft to rally his troops against Napoleon, stands in the Heldenplatz in Vienna. His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.
  • 123 Archduchess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg (30 October 1797 - 29 December 1829) →Family Tree Wife of Archduke Karl.122 She is the only Protestant buried here, after Emperor Franz II57 overrode the resistance of the resident clergy.
  • 125 Archduke Rudolph Franz (1822 - 1822) →Family Tree Infant son of Archduke Karl.122 His heart is buried in the Herzgruft in the Augustinerkirche.

On its own pedestal, directly across from the tomb of Empress Maria Louise127:

  • 126 Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico (1832 - 1867) →Family Tree Second son of Archduke Franz Karl135 and brother of Emperor Franz Joseph.142 Created Emperor of Mexico by France and the Mexican Conservative rival Government, he was overthrown and executed by forces of the warring Mexican Liberals, who would go on to found the Republic.

The next ledge along the north wall, from left to right, mostly contains the family of Archduke Albrecht128 a great military commander of the following generation:

  • 128 Archduke Albr

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