Hospital for Special Surgery
Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) is a hospital in New York City that specializes in orthopedic surgery and the treatment of rheumatologic conditions. Founded in 1863 by Dr. James Knight, HSS is the oldest orthopedic hospital in the United States and is considered one of top hospitals in the nation for joint replacement. Thomas Sculco, M.D. serves as the Medical Director and Surgeon-in-Chief and Louis Shapiro serves as its President and Chief Executive Officer. Additional areas of expertise at HSS include spine surgery and sports medicine. HSS physicians with a subspecialty training in the field of spine surgery focus on patients who suffer from congenital or acute spinal disorders as well as from chronic back pain. The sports medicine services at HSS treat athletic injuries of the musculoskeletal system with a special focus on shoulder, elbow, and knee injuries. In addition, orthopedic surgeons at HSS perform limb lengthening, a procedure that uses the body’s capacity to create new bone as well as the soft tissues, ligaments, blood vessels, and nerves that surround and support it. HSS also offers professional medical education programs, including continuing medical education lecture series, conferences and symposia. The hospital has 277 active medical staff.

Research
Current clinical trials focus on issues related to lupus and arthritis. In addition to clinical trials, HSS has several research programs that center on the prevention of musculoskeletal diseases. Basic and applied research conducted at the hospital addresses specific problems such as arthritis, injury, osteoporosis, scoliosis, autoimmune diseases such as lupus, and related musculoskeletal diseases as they affect children and adults.

Affiliations
The Hospital for Special Surgery is affiliated with the NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System through the hospital's affiliation with Cornell University's Weill Cornell Medical College. The hospital is also affiliated with Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Rockefeller University. It has one of the most sought after residency programs in orthopedics with over 500 applicants competing for eight spots in 2009. Today, over 400 of its 500+ graduates hold positions in major orthopedic departments, many serving as department heads.

Location and Facilities
Located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, HSS is built over the Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) drive and partially located in the Belaire building at 535 East 70th Street. Currently HSS has 172 beds and 29 operating rooms. HSS recently completed the construction of a new, ninth floor that adds 85,000 square feet (7,900 m 2) of new space and 100,000 square feet (10,000 m 2) of re-engineered and re-designed space. HSS has several specialized centers that focus on specific patients and joint problems, including:
  • Institute for Cartilage Repair
  • Children and Adolescent Hand and Arm (CHArm) Center
  • Foster Center for Clinical Outcome Research
  • Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) Center
  • Center for Hip Pain and Preservation
  • Gosden Robinson Inflammatory Arthritis Center
  • Integrative Care Center
  • Institute for Limb Lengthening and Complex Reconstruction
  • Mary Kirkland Center for Lupus Care
  • Mary Kirkland Center for Lupus Research
  • Musculoskeletal Magnetic Resonance Imaging Center
  • The Center for Musculoskeletal Ultrasound and Nuclear Medicine
  • Osteoporosis Prevention Center
  • The Kathryn O. and Alan C. Greenberg Center for Skeletal Dysplasias
  • Spine Care Institute
  • Barbara Volcker Center for Women and Rheumatic Disease
  • Women's Sports Medicine Center


History
HSS was founded in 1863 as the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled in the home of Dr. James Knight on Second Avenue. A building was later constructed on Lexington Avenue between 42nd and 43rd Streets, but became the target for efforts to expand Grand Central Terminal. In 1912, the hospital moved to a six-story building between First Avenue and Second Avenue that is now the home to the Ford Foundation. The hospital moved to its present location in 1955.

Rankings
The 2010 edition of “America’s Best Hospitals” by U.S. News and World Report ranked Hospital for Special Surgery as the #1 hospital in the country for orthopedics, as well as the nation's third-best for rheumatology. Additionally, HSS was ranked #16 in neurology. HSS has been top-ranked by U.S. News and World Report for the 20th consecutive year. According to New York Magazine’s “Best Hospitals” issue, HSS is the best hospital in New York City's tri-state area for knee surgery, spine surgery and hip replacement.