Situation in 2007 For a long time, Hernesaari ground has been made up for the use of industry, harbour, storage and for other use. The coastline and the linkage to the architecture of Helsinki have been shaped on these needs, without a goal or a vision for the future. The landscape of the sea has been on temporary loan. A formless made up ground border is no way applicable as a basis of something new, not culturally nor economically. A new structure: linkage to the inner city and to the landscape space of the sea From the European perspective, the southern coasts of Helsinki are rare outer islands. A string of islands on the southern side of the peninsula leaves the eastern coast of Hernesaari open to the waves of the open sea, the ice and the storms coming from the south-east. This is not a threat to be defeated, but a unique resource, a special source of natural experience extending to the core of the metropolis. This is the basis of the new city district’s structure and the idea of the shore. The plan structures the area as a group of five new islands connecting to the existing string of islands. On the eastern side, they are bound together by a main street and a cruiser quay. The eastern coast is reserved and designed for experiencing the nature, as a regional beach park. The architecture of the buildings and the beach landscape with all its details are morphologically from the same root, derived from the nature of the northern outer islands: stones, rocks, cliffs and islands near the open sea, surrounded by the calm or the surging sea, fog, rain and the strengthened blocks of ice. In the island concept, the block borders are released from the continuum of rational city regulation and geometry. Block type dwellings are grouped together into sheltered grounds. The blocks frame the chosen views from Eira to the near islands, from Lauttasaari to Suomenlinna. The architecture of the buildings Just as the structure of the blocks, also the architecture of the buildings has been released from the chains of the orthogonal regulation which has standardized the rebuilding. The residential environment represents the new, sustainable thinking of the 21st century. The geometry based on oblique quarter masses humanizes the scale, creates different and new familiarity and unfolds changing and interesting views. This is combined with the program of environment-conscious construction, energy saving and material use. The dull coloration of the archipelago’s nature is a starting point for façades, Finnish rock, wood, metal and glass. Functions The most important and valuable use of the new Hernesaari is residence – a new northern, urban residence by the sea. The silos of the north-east and the industrial buildings worth preserving change their functions into a symbiosis with other buildings, into services and employment places. A harbour basin for yacht clubs is placed behind the cruiser quays – the functions are intertwined most naturally. On the south side, a district is reserved for boat and other marine sales- and exhibition activities and seaside restaurants. Between the heliport and the housing there is a water sport centre with its training, office and residential facilities (a hotel) and storage room for boats, located underneath the park. Beside it there is a marine swimming pool connected with wellbeing and health services (various saunas, spa, gym etc.). About 2,400 apartments can be built, a floor area with auxiliary functions of 215,000 square metres. In addition a floor area of 48,100 square metres related with marine functions is included in the plan.