Hanover/Langenhagen International AirportEdit profile
Hannover-Langenhagen Airport (IATA: HAJ, ICAO: EDDV) is located in Langenhagen, 11 km north of the centre of Hanover, the capital of the German state of Lower Saxony. It is the ninth largest airport in Germany.History
Hannover Airport was opened in Langenhagen in 1952, replacing an old airfield within the city limits of Hannover. In 1973 two modern terminals were opened, which became famous because of their compact design. They became the archetype for the Sheremetyevo International Airport in Moscow. These terminals A and B, with stands for twelve aircraft in total, are still in service today. In 1998 the larger terminal C was opened to handle more passengers, adding 8 more gates. Up to 33 aircraft can be served simultaneously, of which 20 can receive aircraft stands equipped with a Jetway. All three terminals are capable of taking a Boeing 747. Terminal D is a rebuilt hangar which is exclusively used by the Royal Air Force to supply British troops in the north of Germany.
In 2000 an S-Bahn connection was established between the airport and Hamelin via Hannover Central Station. Trains leave every 30 minutes for a 17 minute journey. This replaced the airport's shuttle bus service which ran every twenty minutes, more frequently than the S-Bahn, but took longer to reach the airport and railway station. The service was extended to run into Paderborn in 2003.
From 1957 to 1990 the airport hosted the Internationale Luft- und Raumfahrtausstellung, Germany's largest airshow. After a fatal accident in 1988, when a Royal Air Force Chinook helicopter hit a Jetway with its rotor, and the German Reunification two years later, the Airshow moved to Berlin in 1992.Langenhagen today
While in the early years most of the airport's traffic was running through Frankfurt Airport, today many European and CIS destinations are served directly. There are services to most European capitals and major cities as well as to major holiday destinations such as Majorca (Spain) or Egypt. In the 1990s trials to establish intercontinental services to the United States and Canada were stopped because of low passenger numbers. Since the end of Cold War Hannover International has become Germany's major airport for services to countries of the former Eastern bloc next to Frankfurt International.
Hannover-Langenhagen Airport is the sixth base of Germanwings in Germany, after Berlin Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Hamburg and Stuttgart. There are also a number of low-cost airlines offering service to the airport, the most notable one being TUIfly, which has its base of operations at Hannover Airport. However, TUIfly has dramatically reduced services in 2008 and 2009, and passed all its non-traditional holiday routes to Air Berlin late in 2009.
Hannover airport has struggled to generate increased demand in recent years, possibly due to an apparent reluctance or inability to entice Europe’s low-cost carriers to serve the airport. Although traffic grew satisfactorily during the late 90s, during the last decade, there has been little growth. In both 2007 and 2008, traffic was down less than 1%, but in 2009 it fell by almost 12%.
Langenhagen is one of very few German airports which are open 24 hours a day, but in practice there are very few flights between 11pm and 4am.Terminals, airlines and destinations
The airport has four terminals (A, B, C and D) as well as a separate cargo facility.Cargo airlines