Hampstead Garden Suburb
Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, situated north of Hampstead, to the west of Highgate, and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early 20th Century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in North West London. The master plan was prepared by Barry Parker and Sir Raymond Unwin. It was founded in 1907 by Henrietta Barnett, who, with her husband, Samuel Augustus Barnett, had started Whitechapel Art Gallery and Toynbee Hall. Among the scheme’s aims were:
  • it should cater for all classes of people, and all income groups
  • there should be a low housing density
  • roads should be wide, and tree-lined
  • houses should be separated by hedges, not walls
  • woods and public gardens should be free to all
  • it should be quiet (no church bells)
All this needed a Private bill before Parliament as it was counter to local bylaws. The ideas for the "Garden Suburb" were clearly based on the ideas and the actual experience of Parker and Unwin in the planning and development of Letchworth, the first development of its kind, inspired by the work of Ebenezer Howard. In the 1930s the "Suburb" (as it is known by locals) expanded to the north of the A1. While more characterful than most other suburban housing, some of the housing to the north is considered, overall, of less architectural value. On Central Square, laid out by Sir Edwin Lutyens, there are two large churches - St. Jude's Church and The Free Church - as well as a Quaker Meeting House. There are two mixed state primary schools in the Suburb, Garden Suburb and Brookland. There is also a state girls' grammar school, Henrietta Barnett School. The school used to house The Institute, an adult education centre, but most of The Institute has now moved to accommodation in East Finchley opposite the tube station, with the opening of a new purpose-built arts centre. Shops and other services are provided in the shopping parades of Market Place and Temple Fortune, with Golders Green and East Finchley within walking distance for those who live at either end. Little Wood houses an open-air arena which is used for summer theatrical performances. High house prices and the very small proportion of housing association housing means that Hampstead Garden Suburb has an almost entirely upper-middle class population.

Geography

Notable Residents (present)
  • Theo Adams
  • Martin Bell
  • Sir Victor Blank
  • Katie Boyle
  • Constantine, the last King of Greece
  • Richard & Judy Finnigan
  • David Matthews
  • Michael Ridpath
  • Claudia Roden
  • Jonathan Ross
  • Sir Donald Sinden
  • Marc Sinden
  • Lord Winston
Famous residents

Notable Residents (past)
  • Sir Ove Arup
  • Charlie Chester
  • Charles Clarke
  • Robert Donat
  • Noel Edmonds was raised in Brookland Rise
  • Vanessa Feltz lived on Winnington Road
  • Darrell Figgis
  • Lady Antonia Fraser
  • Tony Hancock
  • Cyril Luckham
  • Peter Mandelson
  • David McCallum
  • Lady Elizabeth Pakenham
  • Will Self
  • Paul Scott
  • Alastair Sim
  • Nigel Stock
  • Thomas Tait
  • Elizabeth Taylor
  • Raymond Unwin
  • Rachel Weisz
  • Rebecca West
  • Harold Wilson lived at number 10 and 12 Southway
  • Sir Donald Wolfit
Famous residents

HGS Residents Association
The Suburb has an active Residents' Association, with some 2,200 households in membership, which is co-ordinating an ambitious programme of events supported by 25 Suburb organisations for its Centenary Year in 2007.

Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust
Freehold houses, flats and commercial premises on the Suburb are subject to a scheme of management approved pursuant to the Leasehold Reform Act 1967 by an Order of the Chancery Division of the High Court, dated 17 January 1974, as amended by a further Order dated 17 February 1983. The HGS Trust whose aim is to protect the character and amenity of the Suburb operates the scheme from an office on the Suburb in Finchley Road. Freeholders are required to get the prior approval of the Trust before altering the external appearance of their properties. Consent is also required for significant changes to gardens, erection of garden sheds and felling or pruning of trees. The Trust is also the freeholder of the majority of the remaining leasehold property on the Suburb which is mostly held on very long leases.

Neighbouring areas Church End East Finchley Fortis Green Temple Fortune Highgate Hampstead Garden Suburb Golders Green Hampstead Hampstead Heath

Building Activity

  • removed a media
    about 5 years ago via OpenBuildings.com