Fort Thomas is a city in Campbell County, Kentucky, on the southern bank of the Ohio River and the site of an 1890 US Army post. The population was 16,325 at the 2010 census, making it the largest city in Campbell County and it is officially part of the Cincinnati – Northern Kentucky metropolitan area.Geography
Fort Thomas is located at 39°4′34″N 84°27′5″W / 39.07611°N 84.45139°W / 39.07611; -84.45139 (39.076011, -84.451273).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 square miles (16.7 km²), of which, 5.7 square miles (14.7 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²) of it (11.82%) is water.Climate
Fort Thomas is located within a climatic transition zone at the extreme northern limit of the humid subtropical climate. The local climate is a basically a blend of the subtropics to the south and the humid continental climate to the north. There are several "micro-climates" found in Fort Thomas which produce warmer than usual or cooler than usual "pockets". In the warmer niches it is not at all uncommon to find such "subtropical" novelties as the common Wall lizard, the Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), and even the rare Needle palm; Blue spruce and Salamander tend to occur in the cooler and shaded niches. Moderating variables for the overall climate of Fort Thomas include: the Ohio River, the region's relatively large hills and valleys, and an urban heat influence due to the proximity of the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, Newport, etc.) metropolitan area. Fort Thomas is located within the Bluegrass region of Kentucky and Southern Ohio and is also situated within the northern periphery of the Upland South.History
Evidence suggests that on or around 1749, prior to settlement by Europeans, a large battle occurred between a band of Cherokee Native Americans and victorious Miami tribe and Shawnee tribe Native Americans in what is now the city of Fort Thomas. As many as 600 graves of slain warriors have been unearthed by archeologists there; although the battleground area has been thoroughly combed for artifacts and remains over the years, it is still not uncommon to find arrowheads and other artifacts from the past while gardening or hiking the woods and streambeds throughout the City.
In 1887, a site was needed to house a United States Army post to replace Newport Barracks located in the adjoining city of Newport, Kentucky. Built in 1803, Newport Barracks replaced the smaller Fort Washington, located across the Ohio River in Cincinnati, Ohio. That army post was located at the junction of the Licking and Ohio Rivers. Prone to flooding and flooded numerous times during the early 1880s, a new less flood prone location.
The area has many remnants of this era with a 102-foot (31 m) high Stone Water Tower as a familiar landmark which stands at the entrance to Tower Park. It was the 16th structure built on the grounds of the Military Reservation. It encloses a standpipe which has a capacity of 100,000 gallons, pumped from the Water District reservoirs just across South Fort Thomas Avenue. In 1890 when the military base was established, such provisions for water supply was necessary as there was no other water tower in this area. Cannons that were captured in Cuba’s Havana Harbor during the Spanish-American War rest on stone platforms in front of the Tower. The dates marked on these cannons, reflecting the date they were made in Barcelona, Spain, are "1768" and "1769."
General Philip Sheridan personally selected 11 acres (45,000 m2) of the city and dubbed the area the Highlands, predicting it to become the "West Point of the West." The new post was named Fort Thomas in honor of General George Henry Thomas.
The U.S. 6th Infantry Regiment moved to Fort Thomas, where it remained until called to action again in June 1898, in the Spanish-American War.
Samuel Woodfill was transferred to the Fort Thomas Army post in 1912. He married Lorena Wiltshire on Christmas Day in 1917 and they purchased a house near the fort. In World War I he was courageous, leading his men against the Germans. His bravery earned him many medals and awards and he was described as the most decorated soldier of the war. In civilian life, however, he struggled to pay his bills. He was unsuccessful at creating an orchard, and worked as a carpenter, a watchman and a guard. His wife died in March, 1942, but two months later, the Army commissioned Woodfill and another World War I hero, Alvin C. York as Majors to build morale and promote enlistments. Woodfill retired again in 1944, but memories of his wife in Fort Thomas caused him to return to Indiana, where he was born.
On February 25, 1937, Paul Tibbets enlisted here as a flying cadet in the United States Army Air Corps. During the last days of World War II, Paul became known as the pilot that dropped the first Atomic Bomb on August 6, 1945.Education
Fort Thomas has an independent public school district with 3 elementary schools (Robert D. Johnson Elementary, Ruth Moyer Elementary, and Samuel Woodfill Elementary), Highlands Middle School, and Highlands High School, which are consistently ranked among the top in the country. Highlands High School is the only public high school in the state with a Cum Laude Society chapter.
Highlands High School is ranked in the top 550 in the United States by US News & World Report.
The mascot for Highlands is the bluebird. According to local legend, in the early twentieth century the original mascot for the school was the Highlands Blue Devil. A local clergyman objected to the association of the community to the devil. At the time, the boys' track team had an exceptionally good year and it was remarked that they "flew like birds." This gave rise to the new and current mascot.
The Highlands football program is one of the most storied in all of Kentucky. Highlands has won 20 official state football championships and three "mythical" state titles prior to Kentucky instituting a statewide playoff system. The Bluebirds currently rank second in the state and fifth in the entire nation in total number of wins. Current NFL free agent Jared Lorenzen starred in football at Highlands. He signed as a free-agent with the Giants after attending the University of Kentucky. Michael Mitchell, who was drafted in 2009 by the Oakland Raiders with the 47th pick, played football at Highlands.
The school has twice won three consecutive girls' cross country championships in 1978-1980 and 2002–2004 and has won back to back girls' soccer championships (2005–2006). The boys and girls soccer teams were State Runner-up in 2008, the first time in state history both teams made the finals from one school. The girls' track team won consecutive state championships in 2008 and 2009.
The Highlands band, has also received recognition. The marching band placed sixth in the KMEA State semi-finals competition in November 2005. They also achieved 5th place in November 2009, only missing Finals by a quarter of a point. In May 2007, the concert band received a distinguished rating, the highest, in the Kentucky State Concert Band Festival at the University of Louisville.
The Highlands Girls Tennis Team has also won regionals and qualified for the state tournament four years running.
There are two Catholic private schools in the city, Saint Thomas Elementary and Saint Catherine Elementary.Cake Town
Custom has it that a large cake is prepared after state championship victory for the Highlands High School football team. This custom has lent itself to the people of Fort Thomas becoming known colloquially as Cake Eaters, and the city of Ft. Thomas as Cake Town. These terms are often used derogatorily by people outside of Ft. Thomas in the spirit of Marie Antoinette's legendary (though incorrectly attributed), "Let them eat cake," - alluding to higher concentration of slightly larger per capita incomes of city's residents, as compared to the incomes of the surrounding neighborhoods. Frequently Highlands High School Cheerleaders have a fight song that can be heard as "C-A-K-E -- C-A-K-E (clap clap)".
The term "cake-eater" as it relates to Fort Thomas originated from rival teams using it to taunt Highlands High School athletes. One night, rival fans went so far as to throw large pieces of cake on the HHS basketball court. One of the Highlands players, not content to take the abuse, allegedly scooped up a slice of cake off of the court floor and ate it. From that point forward, Fort Thomas residents took pride in their title of "cake-eaters".Media
Fort Thomas is situated on the southern border of the Ohio River, directly opposite of Cincinnati, Ohio. Therefore the major media market for the city is Cincinnati. Fort Thomas then uses Cincinnati's television and radio outlets.
- WLWT (NBC), Channel 5
- WCPO (ABC), Channel 9
- WKRC (CBS), Channel 12
- WXIX (FOX), Channel 19
- WCET (PBS), Channel 48
- WCVN (PBS), Channel 54 (Broadcast from Covington, Kentucky).
- WSTR (MyNetworkTV), Channel 64
- Print Media:
- Daily Paper
- The Kentucky Enquirer, the Northern Kentucky edition of The Cincinnati Enquirer
- Weekly Paper
- The Fort Thomas Recorder, a special edition of The Campbell County Recorder, delivered free to the city's residence but donation is suggested with the majority of the proceeds going to the delivery boy or girl.
- Monthly Paper
- Inside Fort Thomas, available free at newsstands and sent to every home in Fort Thomas.
- Fort Thomas Living, a monthly magazine sent through the mail as a free subscription to residents of Fort Thomas. FTL is also available at local newsstands.
- Online Media
- Fort Thomas Matters, is a blog run by local resident Darrin Murriner. The site is focused on current events and includes commentary of political and civic events in the community.
- Daily Paper
Several denominations are represented in the city. The following is a complete list of the city's churches:
- Christ Church, United Church of Christ
- First Baptist Church of Fort Thomas, Southern Baptist Convention
- First Christian Church, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
- First Presbyterian Church of Fort Thomas, Presbyterian Church (USA)
- Highland Avenue Baptist Tabernacle, Southern Baptist Convention
- Highland Hills Church, Southern Baptist Convention
- Highland United Methodist Church United Methodist Church
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses
- Highland Heights Ward, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (meetinghouse located in Lakeside Park)
- Saint Andrew's Episcopal Church, Episcopal Church in the United States of America
- Saint Catherine of Siena Church, Roman Catholic
- Saint Paul's Church, United Church of Christ
- Saint Thomas' Church Roman Catholic
- The Next Chapter Church, Nondenominational
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,495 people, 6,742 households, and 4,335 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,909.8 people per square mile (1,123.2/km²). There were 7,028 housing units at an average density of 1,239.8 per square mile (478.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.61% White, 0.73% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.
There were 6,742 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $49,575, and the median income for a family was $63,006. Males had a median income of $43,733 versus $30,209 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,657. About 2.8% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.Notable residents
- Samuel Woodfill, the most decorated soldier of World War I
- Jim Bunning, Republican Senator and member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame who early in his political career served on the city council. He now lives in Southgate.
- Merril Hoge, former Pittsburgh Steelers running back and national sports commentator for ESPN.
- Jared Lorenzen, New York Giants - backup quarterback
- Mike Mitchell, Oakland Raiders - safety
- Cris Collinsworth, former Cincinnati Bengals wide receiver and American television sportscaster for NBC.
- Andre Caldwell, Cincinnati Bengals wide receiver.
- Daniel Coats, Cincinnati Bengals tight end.
- Frostee Rucker, Cincinnati Bengals defensive end.
- Jeff Walz (basketball), head coach of the University of Louisville women's basketball team.
Fort Thomas has undergone numerous changes over the years. A recent push has renovated downtown Fort Thomas, which is centered around the intersection of Fort Thomas Avenue and Highland Avenue. This business district contains the municipal building, fire department, police station, as well as several shops, banks, and other businesses.
Fort Thomas has a secondary business district known as Midway, located adjacent to the former Army post and named after the Midway carnival at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. As of 2010, the Midway district is undergoing streetscaping improvements similar to those performed in the downtown area.