Fort Raleigh National Historic Site

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Fort Raleigh National Historic Site
' The Lost Colony' redirects here. For other uses, see Lost Colony (disambiguation). Fort Raleigh National Historic Site preserves the location of Roanoke Colony, the first English settlement in the present-day United States. The historic site is off of U.S. Highway 64 on the north end of Roanoke Island, North Carolina, about three miles (5 km) north of the town of Manteo. The fate of Sir Walter Raleigh's "Lost Colony" remains a mystery. The visitor center's museum contains exhibits about the history of the English expeditions and colonies, the Roanoke Colony, and the island's Civil War history and Freeman's colony. The site is also home to the outdoor symphonic drama Paul Green's The Lost Colony, performed in the Waterside Theatre during the summer since 1937 and presented by the Roanoke Island Historical Association.

Elizabethan Gardens
Within the historic site are the Elizabethan Gardens, managed by the Garden Club of North Carolina, created as a memorial to the first colonists and as an example of a period garden. The gardens cover over 10 acres and include a replica Tudor gate house. There is a separate fee for the gardens.

Administrative history
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site was established on April 5, 1941, through a transfer of property to the National Park Service under a cooperative agreement with the Roanoke Island Historical Association (RIHA) and Acting Secretary of the Interior Alvin J. Wirtz, using authority provided under the Historic Sites Act of 1935. As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. Fort Raleigh is co-managed with two other Outer Banks parks, Wright Brothers National Memorial and Cape Hatteras National Seashore,. It is the location of the group headquarters at the northern end of Roanoke Island. The cooperative agreement of 1941 allows RIHA to stage theatrical performances in the Waterside Theatre, also on park property. Paul Green's play, The Lost Colony, has been performed at this theater since 1937, with an interlude during World War II. The site was preserved for its national significance in relation to the founding of the first English settlement in North America in 1587. The colony, which was promoted and backed by entrepreneurs led by Englishman Sir Walter Raleigh, failed sometime between 1587 and 1590 when supply ships failed to arrive on time. When next visited, the settlement was abandoned with no survivors found.

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