Estadio NacionalEdit profile
The Estadio Nacional (National Stadium) of Peru is the national sports stadium in the country. It was inaugurated on October 27, 1952 and has a capacity for 45,574 spectators. Many people, even sportswriters, refer to the stadium as the "Estadio Nacional Jose Diaz," despite the fact that is is not actually the stadium's official name, but actually the name of one of the surrounding streets.
It is a multi-purpose stadium located in Lima, Peru with a capacity of 48,000. Inaugurated on October 27, 1952, it is Peru's principal and national stadium and a venue for three of the six Copa América football competitions held in Peru. It is referred to as the Estadio Coloso de José Díaz due to the street on which it is located. It is the home ground of the Peru national football team and several football clubs in Lima. It replaced the Stadium Nacional (Viejo Estadio Nacional) that was torn down to make way for the Nacional; the Stadium Nacional hosted the earlier three South American Competitions. The Estadio Nacional's purpose was to host the 1953 South American Championship. It is owned by IPD (Peruvian Sport Institute), had an olympic running track, and has articial turf that was installed for the 2005 FIFA U-17 World Championship. The stadium is undergoing renovations so it may seat 60,000 by 2011. It has the third largest capacity of any stadium in the city of Lima; the stadiums that surpass the Nacional are the Estadio Monumental (85,000), and the Estadio Universidad San Marcos (70,000).History
Old National Stadium
In the land located in the neighborhood of Santa Beatriz, Lima Cercado, Conlindante the Paseo de la República and what is currently Park Reserve, Existed 1897 a stadium with wooden bleachers that was presented to Peru by the Government English and witnessed the beginnings of football in the country. This small stadium was named Estadio Nacional and was subject to some extensions, however, were not sufficient for the number of fans who came weekly to that scenario.Construction
In 1951, the president of the Lima Charitable Society Don Miguel Dasso encouraged the construction of a new stadium to replace the small "National." Peru has enjoyed a "fever" of monumental constructions driven by the President of the Republic, General Manuel A. Odría. In 50 were built in Peru, large hospitals, large schools, large public buildings and housing complexes.
General Odría decided to support the initiative of Dasso and supported the construction of a "great" National Stadium for Peru to the hostel South American Championship of 1953. He demolished the old stadium (which was in the Peruvian football memory by the nickname of "Old National Stadium) and wooden stands were assigned to several smaller fields in Lima and Provinces (the stadium" Lolo Fernandez 'Club Universitario de Deportes was the main beneficiary, the old wooden stands were used until 2000.)
It was projected that the new stadium had a capacity of 48,000 spectators and would be full of cement, the two popular platforms (north and south) housed an estimated 15,000 each and the stands preferential (East and West) had three trays (high , low and intermediate). The stadium's main structure remains virtually unchanged until today and has as a distinctive northern grandstand tower which housed the official boxes. The National Stadium Tower was left unused until 2004 when it was revamped for the Copa America.
Also, considering the size of the colossus is also built facilities for other sports as Boxing, Swimming and Athletics at the same time administrative offices for Peruvian Sports Institute and other sports federations.
The construction was supported by the State and had such a good rhythm as the October 27, 1952 was opened by President of the Republic.
Peru obtained its first football-based field in the late 19th century, when the club Unión Cricket asked the Municipality of Lima for an appropriate piece of land where they could play football. The municipality gave them a small piece of land in the Santa Beatriz neighborhood which belonged to a Shooting club. On July 18, 1897, the field was officially inaugurated and named Estadio Guadalupe. The Liga Peruana de Futbol (known as the FPF today) used it for the first tournaments in Lima.
In 1921, the English residents of Peru that owned the stadium renovated and renamed the stadium from Estadio Guadalupe to Stadium Nacional and gave it to Peru as a gift. It had small wooden stands that were later donated to the Estadio Teodoro Lolo Fernandez when it was demolished. Today it is known as the Viejo Estadio Nacional. In the 1950s, Miguel Dasso and the Peruvian President General Manuel A. Odria began to fund a project to build a new stadium so that Peru may be able to enjoy the Copa America of 1953 with a larger stadium. They planned to have a spectator-capacity of 48,000 and have it entirely made out of cement. The northern and southern stands would have a capacity of 15,000 each while the eastern and western stands would have three levels. On October 27, 1952, the new Estadio Nacional was inaugurated with many comfortable features such as luxury boxes and elevators in one of the stands.National Stadium tragedy
The official spectator-capacity was reduced to 42,000 in 1964 as a result of a sports disaster in a match between Peru and Argentina which resulted in the death of more than 300 spectators.
The Stadium Nacional was the sole venue for the South American Championship 1927, 1935, and 1939. The present Estadio Nacional hosted the South American Championship 1953 and 1957. The current Estadio Nacional hosted Universitario's international tournaments and in 1972 it saw Universitario reach the final of the Copa Libertadores. This happened again in 1997 with Sporting Cristal. In 1992, modern lighting was installed into the stadium. In 1996, an electronic scoreboard was installed to replace the old manual one. The stadium's symbolic element is the tower situated in the northern stand. This tower was abandoned for many years until in 2004, it was used again for the Copa America.
For many years 42,000 was its official capacity limit, until it was expanded to 45,000 for the Copa América 2004 held in Peru. Popular international football teams and renowned players have played in the stadium, including Spain's Real Madrid, as well as players like Pelé and Maradona in previous years.The National Stadium in the 21st century
Together with the Tower, the characteristic element of the National Stadium is that it carries across its facade carved the names of prominent Peruvian athletes who were awarded with "Sporting laurels"This award given by the Government to all those who, in international competitions, were major achievements for sport in Peru.
It now houses the most important events on the calendar and its Peruvian fubolístico g, as few stadiums, teams have played all over the world (from Real Madrid to selecting Belarus) And leading players by the fans (Pelé, Diego Armando Maradona, Etc).
Thanks to a 5-million dollar government investment programme to remodel older Peruvian stadiums, spectators were able to enjoy games with the high standards required by CONMEBOL for the 2004 Copa América. This was also the first time the Estadio Nacional was not the sole venue for the South American competition. In return the country received throngs of tourists, international media coverage, and more locals buying tickets to attend the games. Peru's biggest stadium, Estadio Monumental, is also located in Lima with a capacity of 80,093 and belongs to local club Universitario de Deportes the most successful Peruvian club, winning 25 titles and most appearances in international competitions, although it was not used for the Copa América 2004, even though it is the biggest stadium in the country and one of the biggest in the continent, this was because of a campaign for Descentralization, so that more provincial stadiums were used.
Peru also hosted the 2005 FIFA U-17 World Championship. This stadium hosted several games including the final. Artificial turf was installed for this competition into all the venues used. The artificial turf still remains in the Estadio Nacional but has received heavy criticism from clubs of the Peruvian First Division, asking to remove it because of the constant injuries it causes. This is also the reason why the Peru national football team is not using the stadium for the 2010 FIFA World Cup Qualifiers. The stadium is undergoing renovations. New seats have recently been installed in both the western and eastern stands.
In 2008, the athletics track was temporarily covered with asphalt for the rally race Caminos del Inca. This was the first time the Estadio Nacional hosted such an event. Shortly after, the 6-lane Olympic running track was restored.Renovation 2009–2011
The stadium is currently undergoing heavy renovation works (internal, external and structural); these include the construction of 371 boxes, 703 underground parking spaces, a new tower with a panoramic gourmet restaurant among other improvements. The costs are estimated on S./ 150,000,000. The inauguration is expected for July 24th 2011.Games hosted
All times are UTC-52004 Copa America
2005 U-17 World Championship
Non Sport Events
The Stadium is also used for other kind of activieties such as concerts like:
- Phil Collins
- Carlos Santana
- R.E.M. (November 11, 2008)
- Soda Stereo (December 8 and 9, 2007)
- Deep Purple (amphitheater)
- Whitesnake (amphitheater)
- Cyndi Lauper (amphitheater)
- Canto Por El Sur (Gian Marco, Erika Ender, Pedro Suárez Vértiz, Christian Meier, Juan Luis Guerra, Alejandro Fernández, and many others)
- Voces Solidarias (Gian Marco, David Bisbal, Pedro Suárez Vértiz, Fito Páez, Alejandro Sanz, La Oreja de Van Gogh, Hombres G, Belanova, and many others)
- Los Fabulosos Cadillacs
- Iron Maiden (March 3, 2009)
- The B-52's and New York Dolls
- Marc Anthony
- Oasis (April 30, 2009)
- Boy George (amphitheater)
- Jonas Brothers and Demi Lovato (May 18 and 19, 2007)
- WWE Summerslam Tour
- WWE Road to Wrestlemania 25 Tour