Edinburgh ZooEdit profile
Edinburgh Zoo From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Coordinates: 55°56′35″N 3°16′5″W / 55.94306°N 3.26806°W / 55.94306; -3.26806 Edinburgh Zoo Date opened 1913 Location Edinburgh, Scotland Land area 82 acres (0.33 km 2) Coordinates 55°56′35″N 3°16′5″W / 55.94306°N 3.26806°W / 55.94306; -3.26806 Number of animals 1018 (2005) [1 ] Number of species 171 (2005) Major exhibits Penguins, Polar Bear, Koalas, Chimpanzees Website http://www.edinburghzoo.org.uk Edinburgh Zoo, formally the Scottish National Zoological Park, is a non-profit zoological park located in Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland. The mission statement of Edinburgh Zoo is "To excite and inspire our visitors with the wonder of living animals, and so to promote the conservation of threatened species and habitats". The land lies on the Corstorphine Hill, from which it provides extensive views of the city. Built in 1913, and owned by the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, it receives over 600,000 visitors a year, which makes it Scotland's second most popular paid-for tourist attraction, after Edinburgh Castle. [2 ] As well as catering to tourists and locals, the Zoo is involved in many scientific pursuits, such as captive breeding of endangered animals, researching into animal behaviour, and active participation in various conservation programs around the world. [3 ] Edinburgh zoo is the only zoo in Britain to house koalas, [4 ] as well as being the first zoo in the world to house and to breed penguins. [5 ] The zoo is a member of the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums and the Association of Scottish Visitor Attractions. It has also been granted four stars by the Scottish Tourism Board. The zoo gardens boast one of the most diverse tree collections in the Lothians. [6 ] Contents
- 1 History
- 2 Current attractions
- 2.1 Birds
- 2.2 Other
- 2.3 Military animals
- 3 Future developments
- 4 Research and conservation
- 5 Zoo Gardens
- 6 Opposition
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- Wojtek was a bear adopted in Iran by the Polish II Corps and enlisted into the 22nd Artillery Supply Company to allow him to travel when the troops were posted. He served in the Middle East and during the Battle of Monte Cassino and retired to Edinburgh Zoo when the Polish troops, billeted in Scotland, demobilised. [18 ]
- Sir Nils Olav, a King Penguin, was the mascot and Colonel-in-Chief of the Norwegian King's Guard. He was adopted in 1972 when the King's Guard were in the city for the Edinburgh Military Tattoo, given the rank of visekorporal (lance corporal), and promoted each time the corps visited the city. He died in 1987 and his successor, Nils Olav II, inherited his rank. [19 ] Nils was visited by the Norwegian King's Guard on 15 August 2008 and awarded a knighthood. The honour was approved by the King of Norway, King Harald V. During the ceremony a crowd of several hundred people joined the 130 guardsmen at the zoo to hear a citation from King Harald the Fifth of Norway read out, which described Nils as a penguin "in every way qualified to receive the honour and dignity of knighthood". [20 ]
- Grasslands - North Asian, African and South American grasslands and savannah and open plains habitats. Also planned are a recreation of a Nepalese village, African waterhole and a walk-through safari; rhinos, cheetahs, zebras, giraffes, ostrich, antelope and hornbills will be featured.
- Woodlands - Asian, South American, Far East and Australian woodlands and mixed mountainous forest habitats. Planned exhibits will feature elephants, [21 ] lions, bears, wolves, tigers, birds of prey, kangaroos, wallabies and wombats.
- Oceans and Wetlands - Arctic, Antarctic, North and South America, Pacific aquatic, tropical wetland and South Atlantic coast habitats. Animals planned for this biome include polar bears, penguins, sea lions, sea otters, manatees, flamingos and capybara.
- Tropical rainforest - South American, Asiatic, African rainforest and swamp forest habitats. Animals featured will be tapirs, jaguars, orangutans, gibbons, pygmy hippos, gorillas, bongo and chimpanzees.