Edge Hill railway station
Edge Hill railway station serves the district of Edge Hill in Liverpool, England. There have been two stations of that name. The first was located a short distance to the southwest of the present station and its remains are still visible, although the site is not open to the public. Edge Hill is the first station after departure from Lime Street. Only trains operated by Northern Rail call at this station.

The first station
The first station, which opened on 15 September, 1830, was located in a deep sandstone cutting, with three tunnels at the west end. The largest bore, in the centre, was the Wapping Tunnel, a long incline leading to Wapping Dock. The goods wagons descended by gravity, but were hauled up by a winding engine. When first opened, it was whitewashed, lit by gas, and used as a promenade by visitors. The tunnel to the north of the central bore was much shorter and inclined upwards, leading to the passenger terminal at Crown Street. Here the trains descended by gravity to Edge Hill station and were wound up into Crown Street. The southern tunnel was originally a short length leading nowhere and used as a storage shed: its chief purpose was to create a symmetrical appearance. It was later extended on a curving incline so that it could pass over the Wapping tunnel and join the Crown Street tunnel. At the opposite end of the station area were the boilers of a stationary steam engine. These were used for the rope-winding mechanism. Each formed the base of a fine Moorish Arch. The smoke was channelled down rock cut flues to tall chimneys ”“ known as the 'Pillars of Hercules' ”“ on either side of the tunnel facing. There were engine sheds and workshops cut into the rock either side of the station area, entered by transverse tracks accessed by turnplates. The station area was rarely used for passengers, but rather for the marshalling of trains and the coupling and uncoupling of locomotives.

The New Station
The decision to divert passenger traffic, by means of a new tunnel to Lime Street Station from Edge Hill resulted in the construction of a new station further north at Edge Hill at the tunnel portal. Both Crown Street and the old station then became goods stations. Crown Street was used as a coal and agricultural goods terminal. The new station was opened in 1836. Trains descended to Lime Street by gravity, being rope-hauled by a winding engine back up to Edge Hill. However, this practice soon became redundant.

Layout
The northernmost tunnel is the Waterloo Tunnel, and the southern tunnel leads to Lime Street Station. The station consists of two island platforms, each with an original building dating from 1836. This is therefore one of the oldest railway stations still operating, although the former Liverpool Road station in Manchester is the oldest surviving station building. Though the station is staffed, it is somewhat lacking in passenger facilities such as shelter and seating. Art exhibitions are held on the approach road to the Southern island platform. An arts centre called Metal now occupies part of the building on the Manchester-bound platform. Around 400 yards from the station in the Manchester direction is a key junction, where the Merseyrail city lines separate into two. One towards Mossley Hill (serving the Southern Liverpool-Manchester line and the West Coast Main Line) and one towards Wavertree Tech. Park (serving the Wigan and Manchester Airport lines). There is also a non-passenger line towards Bootle Oriel Road .

Services
Edge Hill lies on both the northern and southern routes of the Liverpool to Manchester Line from Liverpool Lime Street. There is a half-hourly service on the northern branch, with alternate trains to Manchester Victoria and Warrington Bank Quay. There is also an hourly service on the southern branch to Manchester Oxford Road via Warrington Central. All services are operated by Northern Rail. So in summary:
  • 1 train per hour to Manchester Oxford Road
calling at: Mossley Hill, West Allerton, Liverpool South Parkway, Hunts Cross, Halewood, Hough Green, Widnes, Sankey for Penketh, Warrington Central, Padgate, Birchwood, Glazebrook, Irlam, Flixton, Chassen Road, Urmston, Humphrey Park, Trafford Park, Manchester Deansgate and Manchester Oxford Road
  • 1 train per hour to Manchester Victoria
calling at Wavertree Tech Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Whiston, Rainhill, Lea Green, St Helens Junction, Earlestown, Newton-le-Willows, Patricroft, Eccles and Manchester Victoria (some services continue to the Pennines)
  • 1 train per hour to Warrington Bank Quay
calling at: Wavertree Tech Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Whiston, Rainhill, Lea Green, St Helens Junction, Earlestown, and Warrington Bank Quay
  • 2 train per hour to Wigan North Western
calling at: Wavertree Tech Park, Broad Green, Roby, Huyton, Prescot, Eccleston Park, Thatto Heath, St Helens Central, Garswood, Bryn, and Wigan North Western
  • 5 train per hour to Liverpool Lime Street
calling at Liverpool Lime Street only

Points of interest
Edge Hill is a haven for rail enthusiasts. There is a large freight yard operated by EWS, which mostly sees Class 60 locomotives, as a change from that company's more ubiquitous Class 66s. The yards are also home to a number of track maintenance units, some of which have not been moved for two decades. In 2009 arts organisation Metal completed a major renovation of the Engine House, Boiler Room and Accumulator Tower at Edge Hill Station, after successfully raising capital funding from Kensington Regeneration, Merseytravel, Northern Rail, Railway Heritage Trust and Network Rail.

Preceding station National Rail Following station Mossley Hill Northern Rail Liverpool to Manchester Line (south) Liverpool Lime Street Wavertree Technology Park Northern Rail Liverpool to Manchester Line (north) Liverpool Lime Street Wavertree Technology Park Northern Rail Liverpool to Wigan Line Liverpool Lime Street Disused railways Terminus LNWR Canada Dock Branch Edge Lane Terminus LNWR Waterloo Tunnel Liverpool Riverside Terminus Liverpool and Manchester Railway Wapping Branch Crown Street

Building Activity

  • removed a media
    about 6 years ago via OpenBuildings.com