Dragos Master Plan
Dragos Industrial Zone Urban Design Project For making better cities today, we need to overlay different activities in the same space, as family activity once overlay working space; and we need to repair the collectivity of space to combat the serial time of modern labor; and re-build ceremonial and informal public spaces of our era. The project land currently occupied by industrial facilities and scattered housing units, carries the risk of transforming into a derelict region, unless an urgent urban planning is presented. Being the single example in Turkey, a civil initiative has been established by the alliance of all landowners of the zone including the state-owned lots, and they launched a competition for the master plan of the zone. The land has many advantages; neighboring Kartal, developing to be the alternative CBD of Istanbul; being by the Marmara Sea and surrounded by greenery; situated next to well-developed network of highways and railways as well as its proximity to Sabiha Gokcen Airport. Accordingly, the proposed project refers to the Competition Winning Master Plan of Zaha Hadid for Kartal Development. The project offers self-sufficient urban units of a mixed-use approach as in the old Turkish towns, providing different urban and socio-economical probabilities and possibilities in a sustainable environment. The program includes basically residential blocks, shopping facilities, offices, recreational and social areas, pedestrian zones and public spaces. Traffic and parking organizations will provide easy access within the site as well as building healthy and direct relations with the neighboring districts. The plot of the new Dragos Development comprises a significant number of structurally independent low and medium rise buildings ranging in heights, tallest being approximately 100m above ground level. There will be independent housing units closer to the shoreline, and the blocks will be lower as they are closer to the seafront and will get higher at the back rows. As most of the existing neglected industrial buildings will be demolished, few are recommended to transform to be used as social and cultural facilities in order to gain an added value socially and economically, and in order to keep the record of the recent history of the land. The overall principle is to respect the traces of the evolution of the region. The site also presents a new opportunity for the city to engage ecology at both a strategic and detailed level. The site borders both the Marmara Sea and one of the few above ground water courses that link from the sea to a large green hinterland. The new master plan aims to enhance and link the existing ecology around the site but to also draw that ecology and natural quality into the very core of the new development. The new site rises above a “park plinth` that runs east west along the entire length of the project linking the hinterland to the marina walk. Beneath the shell, as well as parking facilities, common areas, shops, cafés, offices will take place and establish the texture of the public space, whereas residential units rise above the shell, the first floors positioned at 6 meters. The pedestrians will be granted the panoramic sea view in the function of the “shell` elevated 6 meters of the ground. The walkways and planting scheme will create ribbons of social and ecological value. The public areas will be extended to include new lido pools linking the park to the marina and the activities of the park to the context of the sea with pools of clean water allowing the historic beach and community uses of the site to be re-established. The development will provide the opportunity to returning to the littoral edge that has been lost through years of insensitive development of the marine interface. The plinth acts as a series of gardens providing trees, lawns and flowering plants throughout the seasons. Forming in a new secure, public space, the plinth is a sculpted topography which links and draws together the whole of the development creating an urban terrace, a district park taking the green which fringes eastwards deep into the urban fabric of the new and existing neighborhood. The blocks will house a number of mixed functions ranging from office and residential accommodation to retail uses. The structures extend across the full width of the site and are bounded partly by main roads that run parallel to the site boundaries, by areas that are already developed, and by the sea. Basement structures will also be established on the site predominately for underground car-parking but the “back of house` areas will effectively be used to locate the main energy center and plant facilities that will likely serve the entire site. The floor-to-floor heights will vary depending on the occupancies, though on average they will be maintained at between 3.5m and 4.0m. The seismic design of the structure will follow the recommendations of the International Codes. Each building block will be a structurally independent structure such that their seismic behavior can be simply predicted and controlled. The stability systems of tower structures in very high seismic zones typically make use of very positive shear elements. These are often expressed where the proportions of the tower do not allow them to be absorbed into the footprint. The structural grid of the buildings and associated car park are developed, a grid that provides generous parking width for individual vehicles allowed. The buildings above any car park are based on the same structural grid but a commonality of column positions so that transfer structures are avoided. The structures to the development designed on the basis that the partitions are lightweight metal stud rather than blockwork, as a major requirement is that the wall panels must not stiffen or strengthen the structural frames around them to such an extent that they exceed the lateral stiffness of open plan floors below. The new development and beautification of this district also aims to establish a high-quality sample to spread towards the towns in close vicinity, in terms of contemporary architecture, urban solutions and life-style.

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