Düsseldorf International AirportEdit profile
Düsseldorf International Airport (German: Flughafen Düsseldorf International) (IATA: DUS, ICAO: EDDL) is the largest airport in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and the third largest airport in Germany, handling 18.99 million passengers in 2010.
Düsseldorf International is located in Düsseldorf, the state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia, approximately 7 km (4.3 mi) north of downtown Düsseldorf, and some 20 km (12 mi) south-west of Downtown Essen. The airport is accessible via an extensive ground transportation infrastructure, including its own motorway-section - part of the Bundesautobahn 44 (which connects to Bundesautobahn 52, 57 and 3) - and two railway stations - one of which for high-speed, long-distance trains. Düsseldorf SkyTrain operates as an inter-terminal people-mover within the airport.
The airport serves as an airline hub for Air Berlin and Lufthansa, the airport's largest and second-largest airlines - both offering about 300 daily flights to 53 destinations. Turkish Airlines is the largest foreign airline to operate from Düsseldorf International. The airport handles on average 750 takeoffs and landings per day with a total of 70 airlines offering flights to 186 non-stop-destinations.The airport
Düsseldorf International Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region — the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world. The airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. Largest nearby business centres are Düsseldorf and Essen; other cities within a 20 km radius are Duisburg, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Neuss and Wuppertal. The airport extends over a compact 6.13 km2 (2.37 sq mi) of land - small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity - but also reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport is workplace for more than 18,200 employees.
With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010, the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, and was the 20th busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010. Düsseldorf International has two runways, which are 3,000 m and 2,700 m long. There are plans to extend the 3,000 m runway to 3,600 m, but up till now the town of Ratingen is blocking them, as it lies within the approach path of the runway.
107 aircraft parking positions are available. The current terminal building is capable of handling up to 22 million passengers per year. However, due to an agreement with residents in nearby Ratingen (the so called Angerlandvergleich), this capacity may not be reached within the next few years, as aircraft movements are restricted. Düsseldorf International Airport is able to handle the new superjumbo Airbus A380 aircraft. On 12 November 2006, the first A380 landed in Düsseldorf as part of a Lufthansa promotion flight.Terminals
Düsseldorf International has three terminals connected by a central spine, even though the terminals are really more like concourses within a single terminal building.
Terminal A was opened in 1977 and has 16 gates (A01-A16) used by Lufthansa and Lufthansa Regional, its airline partners (Air Malta, Cimber Air, Cirrus Airlines) and Star Alliance members (Aegean Airlines, Air China, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, SAS Scandinavian Airlines, Spanair, EgyptAir, TAP Air Portugal and Swiss International Airlines). Terminal A houses a Lufthansa Business Lounge and a Lufthansa Senator Lounge.
Terminal B was opened in 1973 and has 11 gates (B01-B11) used mainly for domestic and EU-flights by Air Berlin and SkyTeam and Oneworld members (British Airways, KLM, Finnair, Iberia, Air France and Czech Airlines). Also located within the terminal are charter carriers such as TUIfly and Condor Flugdienst. Terminal B houses an observation deck and airline lounges by Air France and British Airways.
Terminal C was opened in 1986 and has 8 gates (C01-C08) used exclusively for non-Schengen-flights by non-Star Alliance airlines. These are long-haul flights - among others - by Air Berlin, Delta Air Lines, Emirates, Mahan Air and Turkish Airlines. Terminal C has a direct access to Airport City's maritim Hotel and houses lounges by airberlin and Emirates.
Jet Aviation operates a small terminal, solely for private and corporate customers.Airport City
Since 2003, an 23 hectare large area south-west of the airport terminal is under redevelopment as Düsseldorf Airport City with an anticipated gross floor area of 250,000 m² to be completed by 2016. Already based at Düsseldorf Airport City are cooperate offices of Siemens and VDI, a large Porsche centre and showroom, a maritim Hotel and Congress Centre, a Sheraton Hotel and a cinema. Messe Düsseldorf is situated in close proximity to Düsseldorf Airport City (some 500 m (1,600 ft)).Ownership
Düsseldorf International is a public–private partnership with the following owners:
- 50% Landeshauptstadt (state capital) Düsseldorf
- 50% Airport Partners GmbH (Ownership of Airport Partners GmbH: 40% Hochtief AirPort GmbH, 20% Hochtief AirPort Capital KGaA, 40% Dublin Airport Authority plc (through its wholly owned subsidiary Aer Rianta International cpt))
The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about 3 km (2 miles) south of the present airport. The present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Geneva. With the start of the Second World War civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 with the airfield being used by the military.
At the end of the war the airport reopened for civil use in 1948. With the area being under British administration the first flights were operated by British European Airways to London Northolt. In 1950 the main runway was extended to 2475 metres.
In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, and in 1969 the main runway was lengthened to 3000 metres.
In 1973 the new central building and the Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railroad connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport started operation. Terminal A was opened in 1977.
In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport - making it number two in Germany. By 1992 when a second runway was built 12.3 million passengers were using the airport.
Fire caused by welding work and insufficient structural fire protection broke out on the roof of terminal A on 11 April 1996, and 17 people died, mostly due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia. While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents. In November Terminal C was completely redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas.
Also in 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began.
The first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for a underground parking garage under the new terminal.
The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; Düsseldorf is now the third biggest airport in Germany. The new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time; the rebuilt Gebäude Ost was reopened.
In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station. The monorail travels the 2.5 kilometres between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of 50 km/h. The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus.Airlines and destinations
Operations and statistics
The airport is connected to the Autobahn via the A44. Two railway stations serve the airport. The Long distance station is located 2.5 km from the terminal and is serviced by all categories of German rail types, including ICE trains. A fully automatic, suspended monorail called SkyTrain connects the long distance station to the park houses and terminals. this service also connects the terminal to the outerlieing parking garages.
The airport also has its own S-Bahn station, Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station located below the terminal. It is serviced by the S11, which has its northern terminus there.Airline lounges
- Terminal A: Lufthansa Business Lounge & Lufthansa Senator Lounge
- Terminal B: Air France Lounge, British Airways Terrace Lounge, Hugo Junkers Lounge (general)
- Terminal C: airberlin Lounge, Emirates Lounge, Open Sky Lounge
Das Magazin is a magazine available for visitors and passengers travelling through Düsseldorf airport. It contains information about new airlines serving Düsseldorf, new destinations and routes, and other information about the airport itself and surrounding facilities. Das Magazin is available at many shops and newsstands at the airport for free or via a paid subscription.